Accelerate Research projects
Dr. Karan Singh
Information and communications technologies
University of Toronto
Traditional 3D reverse-engineering and prototyping involves 3D modeling and manual parts recognition. With the advent of 3D scanning technologies, it becomes possible to automate this workflow. This research internship aims at creating a novel mechanism to automate the process of assembly recognition, as part of a new workflow of 3D interactive prototyping. The research will be focused on technologies and algorithms suitable for volume graphics model. Research topic includes 3D shape matching, alignment and recognition. Prototypes will be built to verify and evaluate the research results.
Dr. Anoop Sarkar
Simon Fraser University
Data anonymization focuses on removing any personal or other information that would identify an individual or a set of persons from a given collection of records. In addition, anonymization should also mask information that could potentially be combined with other publicly available data to reidentify the individuals. This project aims to study data anonymization for medical records, particularly pertaining to radiology reports that are generated through use of particular software. The project involves the following steps i) identify the information that need to be masked by studying a random subset of data sampled from the database, ii) develop or adapt the existing off -the-shelf tools for individual NLP components such as identifying the grammatical tag of words, recognizing multi-word named entities, handling ambiguities etc., iii) integrate the individual components into a full system and evaluate the performance of the components as well as the end-to-end system and iv) implementing a process flow for anonymizing medical records including the structured tables in the records database. We also like to preserve the complete medical history of individuals as also retaining their links to individual physicians and medical technicians, suitably anonymizing the information. The expert industrial partner will identify the information that required to be masked and will work closely with the academic team in evaluating and ensuring the privacy compliance of the anonymization process flow that would be deployed in the partner organization.
Dr. B. Jodoin
Yannick Cormier, Philippe Dupuis, Aslan Farjam & TBD
Brayton Energy Canada
University of Ottawa
Distributed Power Generation (DPG) offers a novel approach to reduce power losses. Micro-turbines (MT) are instrumental in the development of a high efficiency DPG system. The major drawback is the associated wasted heat. Increasing the viability of DPG is directly linked with the development of higher efficiency MTs. MTs equipped with a recuperator preheating the inlet gas using the heat recovered from the hot exhaust gases have the potential to reach over 50% thermal efficiency. To this end, a new method for producing recuperators has recently been developed by Brayton Energy Canada. The overall program objective is to further develop economical and practical solution for the commercial implementation of recuperators using the Cold Spray process to produce high performance external fins and different materials for the recuperator core in order to be used commercially by Brayton Energy Canada. The program specifically targets issues that have been identified by Brayton as leading edge/disruptive applications. It is envisioned that the technologies developed through the program will quickly be implemented by Brayton Energy Canada and its partners.
Dr. Young-June Kim
Alexander Su, Monique Tie, Hassan SeifiFini & Andreea Lupascu
Universal NanoSensor Technologies (UNS – Tech)
Physics and astronomy
University of Toronto
Universal NanoSensor Technologies (UNS-Tech) develops and commercializes microfabricated conductivity detectors. In this MITACS cluster, UNS-Tech will partner with Prof. Young-June Kim to test UNS-Tech’s patented silicon microchip conductance detectors and to explore new detector architectures based on micro- and nano-patterned thin metal films. The results will be analyzed and the findings will be published in scientific journals. Interns participating in this cluster will benefit from this internship by gaining tremendous knowledge of electronics-based detectors. Working in a start-up environment will provide interns with an invaluable experience and enhance their training as highly qualified personnel as they prepare to enter the Canadian work force. UNS-Tech – an Ontario-based start-up - will benefit by demonstrating a proof-of-principle application of its silicon-based detector technology and exploring new phenomena in metal film-based architectures for potential application. Achieving successful proof-of-principle tests in a university setting and publishing the results would be critical benchmarks for UNS-Tech before moving onto product development of beta phase products and, thereafter, successful commercialization will require employing more Ontarians and will, in turn, benefit both Ontario and Canada. The supervisor will benefit by receiving funding that will enable him to mentor students and publish papers.
Passive treatment of mine-impacted waters in cold climate: enhancement of metal removal from cold waters by biological-chemical processes in anaerobic packed-bed bioreactors
Dr. Jean-François Blais
Alexco Resource Corp., Cold Climate Innovation
Geography, geology and Earth science
Mining and metallurgy
Increasing mining activities in northern Canada involve significant environmental remediation work in cold-climates. The industry, including Alexco Resource Corp, is currently looking at new passive water treatment technologies, requiring low operation and maintenance cost and providing sustainable solution for the management of mine-impacted waters. This project, realised with the help of the Cold Climate Innovation centre, will focus on the selection of appropriate substrates to be used in passive bioreactors in northern Regions, where the climate can be challenging for water treatment operations. The research proposed includes operation of pilot-scale bioreactors, microbial characterisation and metals speciation. The substrate will be assessed not only for its capacity to support bacterial growth, but also for its metal sequestration capacity, through sorption mechanisms (less temperature-dependent, effective at low temperature). This novel approach will help development of appropriate bioreactors, effective and adequately fitted for operation in challenging climates.
Establishment, characterization, and directed differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells for the improved treatment and understanding of pediatric brain tumors
Dr. Christopher Maxwell
BC Children's Hospital
University of British Columbia
Brain tumors occur in one out of each four children diagnosed with cancer. Sadly, these kids are less likely to survive their disease than those diagnosed with blood cancers. The kids that do survive brain cancer often suffer from side effects of treatment, which can hamper their ability to succeed later in life. Thus, the greatest challenges facing a child with a brain tumor are: (1) the detection and successful treatment of their disease; and (2) the protection of their future quality of life. Our research goal is to eventually improve the lives of children diagnosed and treated for brain cancer by developing cellular technologies that enable the prediction and amelioration of toxicities to normal cells that may occur in children as a result of the aggressive treatments for brain tumors. These cellular technologies will also enable us to learn more about the biology that underlies the normal growth and development of neural stem cells, so we can better recognize and treat disorders, like cancer, that result when normal development is disrupted.
Drs. Rehan Sadiq & Shahria Alam
University of British Columbia - Okanagan
The purpose of the research project is to identify the main soil types found within the FortisBC Electric service territory and identify the best alternatives for power pole installations within each soil type. This information will be made readily available to power line designers for use when selecting the foundation alternative during the design process. The large number of power poles installed each year has created a need to streamline the design process and installation cost. This project was proposed to address most typical foundation situations which may be encountered during the installation of power poles and therefore reduce the design and installation costs.
Investigation of suitability and feasibility of home dialysis – An Evaluation to enhance capacity planning
Dr. Mike Carter
Cancer Care Ontario
University of Toronto
Chronic Kidney Disease can require patients to undergo dialysis or transplantation as treatment options. Ontario Renal Network (ORN) is responsible for setting the strategic direction of services, their aim is to improve the quality of life of every patients. The project will try to define suitability criteria for home dialysis patients by analyzing historic patient data. Once factors affecting suitability are discovered, the success score for each patient can be developed. This analysis can then be applied to new incoming patients. This can then assist the ORN to allocate resources more appropriately and also to test and set viable potential targets.
Dr. Jimmy Huang
Alpha Global IT
Information and communications technologies
The goal of the current internship is to develop an adapted information extraction from clinical patient records and exploit the extracted information for developing disease prediction system. Disease prediction is concerned with the identification of a disease in patients given patient reported medical signs and symptoms. Adapted information extraction is related to the process of extracting information from patient records. Patient data integrated the list of symptoms, diseases, treatments, order labs, etc. The motivation of this work is to apply data mining techniques and pattern discovery on the extracted information for developing a disease prediction system. Another research direction is to exploit semantics for retrieving patient medical records. Medical records search aims at fostering research on content-based access to free-text fields of EMR where the user query consists of specific disease/condition set and a particular treatment/intervention set. In this context, we propose to exploit semantics for reformulating the user query. Exploiting semantics helps is solving term mismatch between queries and patient records content.
Dr. Ibrahim Dincer
Mono Lights Inc.
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
An analysis is to be conducted to investigate the integration of a hybrid power system for a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). A hybrid power system is proposed as a substitute to the existing batteries to enhance the endurance of UAV systems. A UAV with flexible PV‐panels and a proton exchange membrane fuel cell is to be modeled. UAV propulsion tests are to be conducted to determine the required electrical power. The required power is to be used to determine the endurance of the UAV with the hybrid power system. This endurance enhancement is a novel design that can result in reduced operating cost for the UAVs. The partner organisation can benefit from it as they intend to expand their business. This new development in the UAV can expand the partner organisation’s customers and the market potential.
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My Mitacs-Accelerate internship gave me a unique opportunity to undertake a research project in industry. The project was not only relevant to my research interests but also in the immediate interest of the industrial partner. The internship helped me to gain an appreciation of the research problems in the industry and their significance. Additionally, it helped me to expand my network and help others expand theirs. Finally, I encourage both companies and students alike to use this unique opportunity to pursue technical challenges and above all, build fruitful relationships that will last for a long time.