Sub-clinical disease results in reduced growth and less efficient use of nutrients, resulting in substantial impact on profitability of pork producers. With the elimination of in-feed antibiotics for growth promotion it is increasingly important to understand the interaction between nutrition and health and nutrient requirements during disease challenge events. Feeding high-fibre feedstuffs reduces the efficiency of utilization of dietary threonine for growth in pigs due to an increase in endogenous threonine loss as a result of increased mucin production.
The B vitamin requirements of cattle were traditionally satisfied via rumen microbial synthesis. However, the B vitamin demands of the modern high producing dairy cow now exceed the synthesis rate by rumen microbes, leading to sub-optimal milk production and efficiency. An increased understanding of dietary factors driving ruminal synthesis and use of B vitamins will help identify when supplementation will benefit the cow. Although B vitamin kinetics in the dairy cow have not previously been modelled, data on concentrations and flows are available from extant sources.
Feed restriction in gestating sows is required to prevent excessive body weight gain and the associated negative consequences on lactation, locomotion, farrowing, and feed intake during lactation. Aggression and stereotypies associated with restricted feeding become a welfare and production concern when the sows are housed in groups.
A new revolution in life science research is ongoing since the discovery of the CRISPR/Cas system. With this technology is now possible to specifically and efficiently manipulate the genome of cultured cells, embryos and animals. The technology has many applications in agriculture including the dairy genetic industry to generate the next generation of elite animals having improved traits. For example, using the CRISPR/Cas technology it is now possible to produce dairy cows of any bloodline having improved traits for health, welfare, production and management. L'Alliance Boviteq Inc.
Transition cows (3 wk before calving until 3 wk after calving) often suffer from negative energy and protein balances due to reduced feed intake, but increased nutrient demands for milk production. In Canada, up to 50% of transition cows may be affected by a metabolic (ketosis, hypocalcemia, and milk fever) or infectious (retained placenta, displaced abomasum, and uterine infection) disease. These diseases lead to production losses, infertility, animal welfare problems, and high culling rates of transition cows.
The main objective of the study is to increase the discovery of important reproduction and health genetic variants in dairy cattle. This could help improve reproduction and health of dairy herds through genomic selection or editing of the genome. In order to find the causative variants affecting reproduction and health traits, a review of the literature will be performed and new and cutting-edge genomic technology will be used.
Genomics, the study of genetic sequence of an organism, can be of great benefit to plant breeders who wish to accelerate the development of new varieties. Natural Emphasis Ltd (NE) is interested in developing hemp that will produce more grain by increasing the number of female flowers on its plants. Our project is to identify sections of the genetic code called markers that are associated with plants with a high number of female flowers within a population that NE is using for breeding.
In order to remain competitive, pig producers must continually evolve to address current and emerging challenges to the Canadian swine industry. The Prairie Swine Centre has developed a multidisciplinary research program aimed at addressing key issues within the swine industry related to environment, society, safety, and sustainability.
During maturation, juvenile rats have dramatic histomorphometric changes within their tissues, including marked proliferation and cell death. These background changes should not be mistaken with drug-induced pathologic features. This is critical for optimal drug toxicity studies. The main objective of this study is to build a database on apoptosis and proliferation at different time points in juvenile rats. Both the data on juvenile tissues and the development of optimized techniques will be a strong commercial asset to the private partner.
Yolk sac infections have become the number one disease problem in the broiler chicken industry in Canada.
The emergence of yolk sac infections due to Enterococcus species has increased over the last two years at
poultry hatcheries in Saskatchewan and as a result, chick quality and broiler performance have decreased