Novel Elastomeric Chitin Nanocomposites for Coatings and Adhesives

The proposed project is a characterization study on chitin nanowhisker nanocomposites. Chitin nanowhiskers are derived from chitin, a naturally occurring biopolymer found in arthropod exoskeletons, and offer great potential for reinforcement and property enhancement once blended with typical engineering plastic matrices. Compared to traditional inorganic fillers such as carbon nanotubes and graphene, chitin nanowhiskers are biocompatible and biodegradable, exhibiting comparable property improvements with none of the downsides of the inorganic materials (i.e. biohazardous, toxic).

Evaluation of additive manufacturing technology for the fabrication of wind-tunnel model parts featuring static pressure channels

The objective of the proposed project is to evaluate the use of additive manufacturing technology for the fabrication of wind-tunnel model parts featuring static pressure channels. The long-term aim of this research to devise an innovative manufacturing process that reduces the cost and lead time required to fabricate aerodynamic wind-tunnel models. The suggested methodology is to test the transient response time of pressure channels manufactured with additive technology and to compare it with those manufactured using classical machining.

Development and characterization of polyester/graphene coatings

Environmental aging is responsible for many industrial failures. Using a protective coating is one of the most common and also efficient methods to protect material surfaces against environmental attack, and consequently extend their life. For modern coatings used for industrial applications, besides high chemical stability and good adhesion, new functionalities such electrical conductivity or anti-static properties are desired. For example, for development of transportation and electronic technologies, a low cost conductive coating with good physical properties is required.

Recycling of Landfill Waste Plastics for the Manufacture of Fence Structures

The project examines the use of recycled plastics sourced from waste landfills for construction and infrastructure
applications such as fence panels, an idea developed by EcoFence. Through the course of this project a
comprehensive study is conducted to evaluate the mechanical and physical characteristics, such as strength
and sound absorption. The measured data is compared to those of conventional fencing materials such as vinyl,
composite wood and concrete.

Fugitive Emissions in Liquefied Natural Gas Transmission, Storage, and Distribution: Canadian Solutions for Transportation and Remote Power

The proposed research will be focused on eliminating fugitive emissions from liquefied natural gas (LNG) transmission, storage, and distribution operations. LNG can be used as fuel for transportation, and for combined heat and power generation in remote locations. We will study transmission, storage, and distribution operations by developing quasi-steady-state and time-dependent thermodynamic models. These models will be validated using data from instrumented equipment at our industrial partners’ sites (a small consortium has been created specifically to support the proposed research).

Improvement of the fire resistance of Discontinuous Long Fiber Thermoplastic Composites for gas turbine engine applications

Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC) is interested to further investigate the use of novel Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC's) technologies, in order to improve their products by reducing weight and increasing performances of their engines. Current applications of PMC's in P&WC’s engine are mostly limited to cold section parts (

Autonomous Sensor System for Monitoring Torque from the Flexplate - Year two

While torque is an important parameter in automotive performance, there are currently very few effective methods to monitor it in vehicles. The aim of this project is to develop a low-cost solution for real time engine torque monitoring. An autonomous sensor module will be developed and mounted to the flexplate connecting the engine and the transmission system in vehicles with wasted vibration energy in the flexplates being harnessed to power the sensor module.

Development of Ex-situ Mechanical Durability Tools and Thermo-mechanical Design Curves for Fuel Cell Membranes - Year two

Hydrogen powered polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are a clean energy technology that generates electricity without harmful emissions at the point of use. Current R&D efforts mainly target to commercialize PEMFCs through cost reduction and durability enhancement. The lifetime of PEMFC is limited by the degradation and failure of the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM). The proposed research project addresses the mechanical degradation mechanism, a key factor reducing the lifetime of PEMs, by developing in-house ex-situ mechanical durability evaluation tools.

Three-dimensional Object Pose Estimation

Estimating poses of three dimensional (3D) objects is of great importance to many high level tasks such as robotic manipulation, scene interpretation and augmented reality. Detecting poorly textured objects and estimating their 3D pose is still a challenging problem. The objective and expected result of this research is to develop a systematic and applicable approach that could detect poorly textured 3D object pose. The proposed method is using state-of-the art deep learning in computer vision.

Development and Optimization of Industrial Lubricants for Powder Metallurgy

Powder Metallurgy (PM) is a production method suitable for accurately fabricating complex shapes to a desired size and shape, thus minimizing the need for machining. This makes it cost effective in comparison to other manufacturing technologies.
In order to facilitate the production of PM parts, a lubricant is added to the iron based powder during mixing. The lubricant affects the internal friction between the particles during compaction as well as reduces the total energy needed to eject the part from the die after compaction.

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