Multi-Hazard Performance Based Design Guideline for Wood-Based High-Rise Buildings

In order to satisfy the housing demand in major Canadian cities, there is a renaissance in the use of tall wood-based buildings. Timber is the most sustainable and environmental friendly construction material with higher seismic resistance. In April 2009, the British Columbia Building Code was amended to increase the height limit of wood-frame buildings from 4 to 6 story. In the current 2015 NBCC, the height limit was increased for entire Canada. With the use of mass timber, timber-based high-rise buildings are constructed around the world.

Development of a simulation model for prediction of performance of an anesthesia circuit using a novel CO2 separation system

Anesthesia is delivered to patients in vapour form, supplied via Mechanical ventilation in closed loop anesthesia circuit. This necessitates the removal of the carbon dioxide (CO2) produced during respiration. Currently, anesthesia circuits use granulate-based CO2 absorbents that react with CO2 to remove it from the gas stream. However, anesthetic vapours also react with the chemical absorber producing toxic bi-products that have been connected to negative patient outcomes. DMF Medical Inc. has developed an early stage prototype device that provides an alternative method for CO2 removal.

Development and characterization of composites

In this project, Global Heat Transfer Ltd. (GHT) partners with the Composites & Optimization research group at the University of British Columbia in the Okanagan in order to integrate additive manufacturing into GHT's current production line. Fabrication of high-performance compact radiator cores through additive manufacturing (AM) will not only resolve some of the current radiator manufacturing issues, but also will make the manufacturing process faster and environmentally friendlier.

Mechanical and physical beneficiation of concentrates from printed circuit board processing

E-waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world in terms of volume and its environmental impact on the planet. Printed circuit boards represent a major portion of the e-waste that contains higher values. The metal fraction from the circuit boards is extracted for its value while the non-metal fraction is often landfilled. The proposed research looks into the disposal guidelines for landfills and incineration and quality requirements for being used as a filler and secondary materials source will also be studied.

Machine Vision Yield Monitor for Vegetable Crops

Machine Vision (MV) is a technology that aims to translate visual data from images or videos into useful information for industrial processes. The use of MV in precision agriculture is currently expanding and has helped to accelerate and improve sorting, grading and yield estimation. The goal of this research project is to develop a MV yield monitor for the large scale industrial farm Delfland Inc. that will identify, sort and count vegetables according to their size.

SmogStop Barrier Field Study

Sound barriers can be seen beside highways across Ontario and are designed to protect residents from the noise produced by traffic. However, these barriers do little in the way of protecting residents from the pollution produced by nearby vehicles. This project combines a novel sound barrier design with a new pollution control technology that will help reduce the level of traffic related pollutants that those living near major roadways will be exposed to.

Minimizing potential induced degradation in crystalline-silicon based photovoltaic solar modules – Year 3

The demand for photovoltaic solar modules has increased tremendously in recent years. Unfortunately, photovoltaic solar modules are prone to potential induced degradation, i.e., a decrease in the power delivered from such modules arising as a consequence of them operating continuously under high applied voltages. This project aims to design a protocol for the accelerated testing of solar modules; we want to speed-up or accelerate the aging of these solar modules in order to identify what materials and configurations in a solar module are less prone to potential induced degradation.

Numerical modeling of interaction between soil and seabed infrastructure during submarine landslides

Large amounts of crude oil and natural gas are located beneath Canada’s ocean floors. Currently, the offshore oil and gas industry makes a significant contribution to the Canadian economy. Although it is not visible as onshore landslides, numerous underwater landslides occur where huge amount of seabed sediment might displace and could result in tsunami in some cases. The failed soil mass might impact seabed infrastructure and could damage or destroy them as reported from some field observation.

Hybrid Power Systems for Integrated Energy and Food Production in Autonomous Communities

Community integrated energy and food systems bring production and management to the local scale in order to increase autonomy and resiliency. These are particularly expedient in the face of global climate change, more frequent and severe extreme weather, geopolitical instability and peak oil. Bioenergy systems offer enormous potential for such applications because they stand at the nexus between food and energy security; specifically, food waste is an input to bioenergy systems, and bioenergy effluent is an agricultural input.

Development of a simulation-based tool to predict the aerodynamic loads on heavy duty trucks

Agility Fuel Systems manufactures fuel systems for converting heavy-duty trucks from diesel fuel to compressed natural gas. The system components are typically situated between the cab and the trailer or along the sides of the truck. Because natural-gas components are typically larger than their conventional counterparts, the converted trucks may experience a larger aerodynamic drag, which decreases its fuel efficiency.