Different snowpack structures and weather conditions create distinct types of avalanche problems that require different risk mitigation practices. In North America, nine types of avalanche problems have been identified in the recently introduced Conceptual Model of Avalanche Hazard (CMAH). Avalanche Canada and Parks Canada forecasters have identified and assessed avalanche problems according to the CMAH daily since the winter 2009/10. This dataset provides a unique opportunity for examining the nature of avalanche hazard in western Canada.
Plant biostimulant is a new class of agricultural input that has gained importance and wide acceptance in the last few years. Acadian Seaplants Limited, a marine biotechnology company, manufactures liquid and powdered Ascophyllum nodosum extract plant biostimulants. To maintain the leadership in plant biostimulants ASL has embarked on developing new A. nodosum based biostimulatns. This project will focus on new product development by adopting novel seaweed processing technologies, creating blends of seaweed extracts and functional ingredients.
Integrated Vegetation Management (IVM) is an approach that utility companies can use to manage vegetation under or near transmission lines and has been successfully applied in southern jurisdictions. IVM requires practitioners to understand and manipulate plant communities to meet management objectives, such as maintaining a low growing plant communities that help prevent the regrowth of trees.
The Canadian government has increased its focus on regulating wastewater to the environment. The advent of new regulations has resulted in many municipalities requiring substantial upgrades to minimize release of nutrients promoting eutrophic water bodies. Traditional wastewater treatment technologies are in some cases cost prohibitive. Bishop Water Technologies (BWT) provides an ecofriendly and cost-effective technology for treating Canadian wastewater (municipal and industrial) while removing nutrients to rivers and lakes.
Global climate change is altering the conditions in which our ecosystems exist. As those conditions gradually shift, ecosystems may cross critical points and experience irreversible collapse. Managers need tools to identify those points before they are crossed. This project will test one potential tool in the bogs of British Columbia. At the verge of collapse, ecosystems are thought to slow down in how they respond to disturbance or damage. We are trampling bog ecosystems and measuring how plant communities respond based on whether they are experiencing long term drought or not.
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the western basin of Lake Erie are detrimental to the ecosystem, reducing water quality and affecting drinking water for people in the region. Severe HABs in Lake Erie in the 1960s and 1970s resulted in the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement in 1972. Since then, water quality has greatly improved; however in the 1990s, Lake Erie saw the blooms return. This has been attributed to factors such as zebra mussels bio-transforming nutrients, climate change, shifts in the form of phosphorus and lake sediment as an internal loading source.
Georgia Strait Alliance is seeking to undertake the creation of a framework and baseline analysis of indicators that reflect the current health and resilience of City of Vancouvers waterfront over a broad cross-section of themes in order to further the objectives of their Waterfront Initiative (WI) project. Urban waterfronts globally are complex with multiple governing authorities, overlapping jurisdictions, and varying interests, all of which lead to a high degree of land-use conflict.
Urban design and development is an iterative process that involves community engagement and multiple feedback cycles. Advances in internet technologies and web mapping technologies has made it possible to display design plans on websites and to collect feedback on specific locations or aspects of the provided design. Using web mapping applications to feedback from the community is formally known as facilitated volunteer geographic information (FVGI).
This project aims to develop, and implement a code for real-time geotechnical hazard assessment and reporting for ultra-deep mining. This pilot project will be tested on a real mining site the Glencores Nickel Rim South Mine near Sudbury. This algorithm will represent a step-change in the capability to assess and manage geotechnical risk in mining, which will have particular value in the high-stress geotechnical operating conditions of ultra-deep mines.
Just months the June 2014 the Supreme Court of Canada decision granting partial title to the Tsilhqotin First Nations land claim, the communities of Xeni Gwetin and Yunesitin, with support form the Tsilhqotin National Government, declared another traditional area, just beyond the granted claim, as the Dasiqox Tribal Park. The surface area of the new park contains a barrier to Tsilhqotin self-governance in the form of an undetermined amount of mineral claims staked under the mineral tenure system of British Columbia.