Lakes across much of Canada are ice-covered for long periods every year. Ice cover creates conditions fundamentally different from other seasons, with low light penetration, low temperatures, and the presence of a barrier to gas exchange. Climate change predictions suggest that reductions in ice cover can be expected. However, logistical challenges associated with winter field work mean that we have relatively poor understanding of current conditions in lakes during winter.
A synthesis of current social, cultural and legal issues associated with international sustainable development law. How these aspects interconnect to impede or support sustainable development especially in particularly vulnerable populations such as indigenous peoples.
In this project we will monitor the technical performance of a solar photovoltaic (PV) charging station for electric vehicles that is currently under implementation at York University. The goal of the project is to use that performance data to analyze the replication potential of this renewable energy solution in additional locations in Canada and in other countries.
Environmental modelling has been an indispensable tool of the Lake Simcoe restoration efforts. The proposed research aims to develop an integrated watershed-receiving waterbody modelling network that will provide a realistic platform for the evaluation of a variety of land-use management and climatic scenarios.
The role of this internship is to assist in reaching the SSHRC goal for the Dreamcatcher system of capturing cultural data, traditional ecological knowledge, and traditional land use, creating as full a historical, cultural, and economic record as possible, as well as strong land use management/consultation, water and asset management, and public health systems. This information will inform cultural research, treaty negotiations, and community development.
The impaired beneficial use Eutrophication & Undesirable Algae is the main reason that the Bay of Quinte was declared an Area of Concern (AOC) in 1986. External and internal nutrient loadings are among the main reasons for this impaired beneficial use. The development of a long-term phosphorus reduction strategy is a key remaining activity needed to delist this AOC.
Without careful management, the growing number and intensity of human activities can negatively affect ecosystem health and cause conflict between users. Recognizing the need for integrated management, the Province of British Columbia and 18 Coastal First Nations collaborated to develop an integrated spatial Marine Plan for the North Pacific Coast. A critical part of implementing this plan is to closely evaluate interactions between key marine uses, especially in light of global environmental change.
Given tre extraordinary natural resources used for the construction, operation and demolition of buildings and the extensive impact that buildings have on natural cycles and the environment, there is an urgent need to shift towards greener buildings. In Canada, regulation presents obstacles to building green. This project will investigate the building code variances used in the top performing green buildings constructed in non-charter municipalities.
The Energy Futures Lab (EFL)9 is a multi-year, multi-stakeholder dialogue and public engagement process designed to answer the question How can Albertas leadership position in todays energy system serve as a platform for the transition to the energy system that the future requires of us? The aim of this research project is to investigate the use of visual tools such as landscape visualizations and interactive simulations to help participants understand the current energy system in Alberta and explore potential system interventions.
Transitions between adjacent plant communities are important features of landscapes that might harbour greater diversity. However, forest edges created by human activities can have negative consequences for wildlife habitat. Both types of transitions dominate fragmented agricultural landscapes in tropical forests. Understanding the vegetation structure in such heterogeneous landscape could help predict animal movements across natural and anthropogenic transitions.