Urbanization is increasing rapidly worldwide, predominantly in developing countries, and thus becoming an issue in addressing food security. In addition to the conflict between sustaining rural agricultural production and the rapid consumption of land by growing urban activities, agricultural areas within or around cities are also being transformed. This is creating a need for diverse and responsive food systems.
Green roof and water cistern technologies are increasingly becoming important components of sustainable building practices and urban water management. However, the two technologies are rarely designed as an integrated system. This goal of this project is develop an experimental design to test the reuse of cistern water for irrigation in green roofs. This experiment will be designed for the new research facilities of the Green Roof Innovation Testing Laboratory at the University of Toronto.
This project aims to help make neighbourhoods safer, healthier, and more economically vibrant by encouraging people of all ages to walk, cycle, and roll. Fewer children than ever before are walking and biking to school due to parents fears that local roads are unsafe. Unsafe roads and unwelcome pedestrian environments also negatively effect local businesses. Research shows that by reducing speeds and improving pedestrian crossings, road safety and economic vitality are enhanced.
Sinkhole and ground surface collapse frequently occur in urban areas such as highway, roads or around buildings. Usually the failure process in rather sudden without much evidence or obvious signs. This catches people by surprise and results in accidents, injuries or even death in some cases. From current studies and case analysis, most of the sinkholes in urban area are attributed to leaking of water supply lines or sewer pipes. The mechanism is summarized as the soil loss around defective sewer pipes, and this erosion void further evolved to the ground collapse or sinkhole.
This project aims to discover how policies around food security circulate. It seeks to understand what makes certain policies attractive and other not. The relevant literature ackowledges that local territories react differently to projects, because every locality has a unique configuration of actors which influence policy outcomes. Because of the bi-national context of the regional economy of the Paso Del Norte (El Paso/Ciudad Juarez and Las Cruces), it offers opportunities to discover what factors are helping or hindering the implementation of “best practice” policies.
Global food demand of ever increasing population requires almost double the food production in the near future posing a great threat to our limited natural resources, such as soil and water, from the overutilization and upbringing of vulnerable lands into cultivation while the changing climate exacerbates these problems. While soil salinity may directly affect the production, the water stress in arid and semi-arid areas make the agri-food production system more vulnerable.
Due to anthropogenic alterations such as forest harvesting, fragmentation and forest degradation has occurred enabling the invasion of native bamboo species which are contributing to habitat degradation and reduction of tree species in the remaining forested areas of Brazil. Currently, the primary method of monitoring forests dominated by bamboos is based on field observations.
This project is based on how the communities which rely on the forests of different regions within the state of Odisha, India, cope with and adapt to environmental and social challenges in relation to their daily lives and livelihoods. Using local ecological, social, and cultural knowledge, I will analyze environmental, social and policy challenges, and their impacts on the community livelihoods. I will also analyze the adaptation strategies used by the forest communities and examine the influence of other stakeholders in this area.
This research will look to extract value from marine food processing by-products through development of green chemistry technologies, to generate valuable bio-products that may be used in a health prevention role in animals and humans. This will benefit existing food processors by addressing underutilized resources, add value in the partner industry and provide tools for Canadians in the future to access affordable functional food ingredients.
Cycling for transportation increases local economic benefits by: improving the local business environment; reducing commercial vacancies; and increasing sales and employment opportunities (Stabinski, 2009; Walljasper, 2012; Racca and Dhanju, 2006; New York City DOT, 2013). This project will study how targeted interventions to increase cycling for transportation in Scarborough can advance cycling participation, job creation, social inclusion and environmental quality.