Development of new seaweed based plant biostimulant products and understanding their mode of action

Plant biostimulant is a new class of agricultural input that has gained importance and wide acceptance in the last few years. Acadian Seaplants Limited, a marine biotechnology company, manufactures liquid and powdered Ascophyllum nodosum extract plant biostimulants. To maintain the leadership in plant biostimulants ASL has embarked on developing new A. nodosum based biostimulatns. This project will focus on new product development by adopting novel seaweed processing technologies, creating blends of seaweed extracts and functional ingredients.

Resisted sprinting and ischemic preconditioning as ergogenic aids in high-level sprinters

With a rise in talent and the number of youths participating in athletics, Canada has a seemingly bright future in track and field at the international level. With the abundance of talent, it is important to improve the resources available to our competitors to continue promoting excellence. We propose to study two novel protocols which can be performed immediately prior to competition in order to enhance performance. Resisted sprinting, which involves sprinting with a weighted sled or using a training device such as the 1080-Sprint is the first protocol under examination.

One-Way Degassing Valve Design, Function and Application in Coffee Packaging

The purpose of this study is to gather information relating to the one-way degassing valves used within the coffee industry in order to improve upon current designs. This will be achieved through studying the opening/closing properties of commercial valves, as well as using a model system to elucidate the effects of valve components on these properties, as a function of pressure, rate of pressure change, and temperature. The study will also investigate flow behavior of different food grade sealing fluids within the model valve system, as a function of pressure and temperature.

Characterizing phytochemical content of bioactive coffee leaf materials for use in coffee tea leaf beverages

Wize Monkey is currently the only maker of Coffee Leaf Tea in the world; they work in partnership with coffee producers in Nicaragua to develop alternative coffee based products. One of these is coffee leaf; a novel idea of harvesting leafs at optimal times to be used as a tea-based beverage. The leaf is harvested, dried, processed and blended to produce novelty based coffee leaf teas. Their business provides a humanitarian component providing stable work for up to 40 farm workers through-out the year to supply their product.

Deficit Irrigation and Crop Size Adjustment Strategies for Improving the Concentration of Aromatic Compounds in White Grapes in British Columbia Climates

In white wines, the wine aroma plays a major role in determining wine quality and economic value. In many grape varieties cultivated in BC, the aroma makeup is built in the vineyard where key aromatics accumulate in the grapes. Irrigation and crop size adjustments are two main strategies that growers have adopted to manage fruit ripening and composition.

Design and Application of a High Pressure Microwave Drop-In Biofuel Reactor System

The conversion of low value lipids, including tall oil, brown grease, and yellow grease, to hydrocarbons without the use of hydrogen or catalyst has been patented and scaled up by our group (Forge Hydrocarbons). This project seeks to develop an improvement to the existing process by incorporating microwave heating to the reactor configuration. The process is expected to help reduce the acid number and improve the process economics by decreasing the undesirable side reaction leading to coke formation.

Development and Assessment of Vitamin-Enriched Granule Extracts from Egg Yolk

The chicken egg represents an excellent source of nutrients, and the composition of the egg yolk can further be enhanced through modifications to the laying hen diet. While enhanced shell eggs are primarily sold as specialty eggs, an opportunity exists to add further value through the use of novel extraction technologies. The proposed research project will combine existing expertise in egg yolk enhancement with expertise in liquid/protein processing and extraction techniques.

Fate of Salmonella during storage and brewing on tea blends

Tea is often considered as a healthy drink that is rich in antioxidants and other health constituents. However, tea can become contaminated during production and pathogens such as Salmonella can persist over extended storage periods. The true risk of Salmonella linked to tea is unclear as on one side, the beverage is brewed in hot water and although contains natural antimicrobials. However, on the other hand, Salmonella can become heat resistant in the dry state that could enable survival during brewing.

Characterization of the colloidal properties of concentrated casein micelles and improvement of the functionality of concentrated milk products using membrane filtration

The project aims at obtaining new ingredients from concentrated milk, and understanding how changes in their physical and chemical properties may affect their functionality. Membrane filtration processes are widespread in the dairy industry and they are all based on physical separation of the components because of their size. During these processes, the protein particles in milk become concentrated and the physical properties and composition of the concentrates will change. We are proposing to study how such systems may be stabilized and used as ingredients in the dairy industry.

Genetic evaluation of sow efficiency traits using single step genomic evaluation methods

Most economically important traits associated with lactation and reproduction in pigs are either less heritable, sex-limited, expressed later in life, or difficult to measure on a routine basis. Genomic predictions using single step best linear unbiased prediction (SSBLUP) methodologies, which utilizes information on phenotypes, pedigree and markers from genotyped and non-genotyped animals simultaneously, is an alternative to phenotype and pedigree based (BLUP) methods.