Viruses are an abundant and dynamic component of marine microbial communities. The project will use information encoded in the genomes of viruses and their bacterial hosts to obtain a measure of the number of different types of viruses and bacterial species in Canadian Arctic waters. Additionally, the project will focus on the relationship between viral and bacterial communities by trying to identify patterns in their geographical distribution in response to changing environmental conditions such as temperature or salinity.
The Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis) is a tall, long-lived bird that uses isolated wetlands, estuaries and meadows in British Columbia for breeding and staging. The Sandhill Crane is “blue-listed” (a species of special concern) in British Columbia and requires specific management strategies, including Wildlife Habitat Areas, for forest and range activities. Sandhill Cranes found along the coast of BC have a distinct coastal migration path, and are thought to have different habitat requirements for staging, breeding, and wintering than interior Sandhill Cranes.
This project is designed to provide new information on the source of the sediment in the Wernecke Supergroup, a widespread geological formation in northern Yukon that was deposited approximately 1.8 billion years ago. This formation is important because it hosts numerous mineral occurrences that are attracting considerable mineral exploration activity. The source of the sediment will be identified by ion probe analysis on detrital (sedimentary) grains of the mineral zircon.
Alberta-Pacific Forest Industries Inc. is a leading producer of quality kraft pulp. Working with the company, the intern will develop a field-based conceptualization of snowmelt run-off source area dynamics with particular attention given to process-controls, spatial hydraulic connectivity, the importance of geomorphology and the influence of forest cover removal.
This project will use computer modelling to aid in building a geological model of the earth’s subsurface. The model is assumed to be accurate when seismic data from the model reasonably matches seismic data recorded on the surface of the earth. The movement of wave energy within the model will then be used to aid in identifying hydrocarbon signatures in the real seismic data.
The propagation of sound underwater is influenced by variations of the environment in range, depth and azimuth. Many sound propagation models ignore the azimuthal dependence and solve two-dimensional (2D) problem in range and depth. In this project, various mathematical techniques for applying azimuthal dependence into a full 3-D sound propagation model will be investigated. The techniques will be evaluated for computational efficiency when modelling large areas.
The Diavik Diamond Mine is located in Canada's remote North, 300 kilometres northeast of Yellowknife, NWT. In this project, the intern will collect and analyze samples of Kimberlite from the Diavik property to determine their physical properties. The data will then be carefully analyzed to look for trends regarding new information that could lead to a new Kimberlite discovery.