This cross-sectoral research project will track the process of supporting four nascent community-based enterprises (CBEs) in indigenous communities in the Bolivian highlands, examining the complex interaction of factors that contribute to successful CBEs.
Four billion species are estimated to have evolved on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years, of which 99% are extinct. The end-Permian extinction is the largest extinction event that resulted in the elimination of 97% of oceanic species. The conditions that led to this devastating event are similar to the environmental changes we are experiencing today, including increasing temperature, ocean acidification and a decrease in ocean circulation. Understanding how marine ecosystems recovered from the end-Permian extinction is vital to future marine conservation efforts.
The focus of this project is to explore how livelihoods are affected when changes in ecosystem services within the Miyun watershed occur. Rural households depend on ecosystem services that the landscape provides for their livelihoods. If the availability of these resources were to change, a person’s livelihood may become more vulnerable. Determining possible ecosystem service changes will be performed by scenario building stakeholder workshops. The stakeholders involved in the Miyun watershed include environmental management officials, urban residents and rural residents.
The proposed project will investigate the rise of grassroots resistance to industrial development in rural India. Research centres around a memorandum of understanding (MOU) negotiated in 2005 between the Government of Odisha (a coastal state in north-east India) and Pohang Steel Company of South Korea (POSCO) to construct the largest integrated steel plant in South Asia. Valued at $US 12 billion, it remains the largest single foreign direct investment (FDI) contract in India's history. Despite the promise of growth and development for one of India's most
The goal of this research is to create a knowledge tool that can assist responders to act quickly and effectively in the event of a marine oil spill. In order to accomplish this goal, we will (1) develop a simple field test to gauge shoreline permeability in relation to stranded diluted bitumen on natural shorelines; (2) compare those findings against a series of experiments recently conducted by Environment Canada in a project named Bit_Ex; and (3) develop maps that estimate potential diluted bitumen retention for areas along British Columbia?s coast.
The proposed research focuses on imaging spectroscopy of geological materials encountered at mineral deposits. Imaging spectroscopy (also known as hyperspectral imaging) in the geosciences traditionally utilizes airborne or spaceborne platforms but ground-based studies at outcrop and smaller scales are becoming more common. This technique collects reflectance data as images, and allows quick analysis of specific mineralogical properties that are visually undetectable (e.g., phyllosilicate mineralogy).
Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), also known as drone, is an emerging technology with a tremendous potential to enable new civilian applications. In a near future, the number and use of UAS will increase. They will play a significant role in many public missions such as border surveillance, wildlife surveys, military training, weather monitoring, and local law enforcement. When equipped with camera, UAS are efficient acquisition platforms for regional mapping and surveying at costs far lower than airborne photogrammetric solutions.
During the summer of 2015, I would like to replicate two of the intensive news-flow studies we conducted a decade ago on the Web sites of six daily newspapers, in order to assess whether any changes have occurred in the news maps these newspapers produce.
Flooding causes significant impacts to economic activities, disrupts and displaces populations and creates substantial risk to human safety. Recovery efforts from major flood events can be lengthy and have huge economic impacts both in loss of revenue and cost of repair and restoration. Changes in physical characteristics, economic practices and/or human actions can impact the hydrology of a watershed. The Elk River has experience extreme flooding in 1995, 2005 and 2013.
The Raincoast Conservation Foundation pursues conservation initiatives in coastal British Columbia through science, outreach, and sustainable economies, such as ecotourism informed by local knowledge and ecology. The success of wildlife viewing ecotourism greatly depends on knowing areas and time periods predictably ·used by target species. The goal of the proposed research is to inform initiatives of Raincoast and its ecotourism partners (e.g. Spirit Bear Lodge, Wuikinuxv First Nation, Nimmo Bay Resort) by research on commercially-valuable wildlife.