The politics of state-facilitated gentrification in post-socialist China: ideological domination, consumerism and exclusionary redevelopment

Using the case of Chengdu, this research is about neighbourhood redevelopment and residential relocation in post-reform cities of China. In this project, the key process is defined as state-facilitated, new-build gentrification. The thesis attempts to understand why politicaleconomic actors initiate gentrification in the inner city, how consensus building is achieved,
conflicts are mediated, and what are the social outcomes for different social groups.

The social, political and material constitution of low-carbonenergy transitions in urban areas: a socio-technical and socio-spatial comparisonof Alberta (Canada) and Ile-de-France (France)

Cities emit approximately 70% of the greenhouse gas emissions responsible for climate change. It is therefore important to study how urban energy infrastructures can be transformed to lower carbon emissions. But this transformation is not simple for two reasons: (1) it involved variousactors with conflicting interests and visions on what the energy transition should be, and (2) cities are limited in their capacity of actions because of financial constraints and limited institutional powers.

Building the cycling economy beyond the urban core

Cycling for transportation increases local economic benefits by: improving the local business environment; reducing commercial vacancies; and increasing sales and employment opportunities (Stabinski, 2009; Walljasper, 2012; Racca and Dhanju, 2006; New York City DOT, 2013). This project will study how targeted interventions to increase cycling for transportation in Scarborough can advance cycling participation, job creation, social inclusion and environmental quality.

Asset-Based Community Enterprise Development in Bolivia Year Two

This cross-sectoral research project will track the process of supporting four nascent community-based enterprises (CBEs) in indigenous communities in the Bolivian highlands, examining the complex interaction of factors that contribute to successful CBEs.

The Search for Earliest Triassic Refugia

Four billion species are estimated to have evolved on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years, of which 99% are extinct. The end-Permian extinction is the largest extinction event that resulted in the elimination of 97% of oceanic species. The conditions that led to this devastating event are similar to the environmental changes we are experiencing today, including increasing temperature, ocean acidification and a decrease in ocean circulation. Understanding how marine ecosystems recovered from the end-Permian extinction is vital to future marine conservation efforts.

Examining ecosystem service changes in the Miyun watershed, China through stakeholder-driven visions of the future

The focus of this project is to explore how livelihoods are affected when changes in ecosystem services within the Miyun watershed occur. Rural households depend on ecosystem services that the landscape provides for their livelihoods. If the availability of these resources were to change, a person’s livelihood may become more vulnerable. Determining possible ecosystem service changes will be performed by scenario building stakeholder workshops. The stakeholders involved in the Miyun watershed include environmental management officials, urban residents and rural residents.

Accumulation by Dispossession or Dispossessing Strategies of Accumulation in the Indian Periphery?

The proposed project will investigate the rise of grassroots resistance to industrial development in rural India. Research centres around a memorandum of understanding (MOU) negotiated in 2005 between the Government of Odisha (a coastal state in north-east India) and Pohang Steel Company of South Korea (POSCO) to construct the largest integrated steel plant in South Asia. Valued at $US 12 billion, it remains the largest single foreign direct investment (FDI) contract in India's history. Despite the promise of growth and development for one of India's most

Penetration of diluted bitumen on shorelines in the event of a marine spill

The goal of this research is to create a knowledge tool that can assist responders to act quickly and effectively in the event of a marine oil spill. In order to accomplish this goal, we will (1) develop a simple field test to gauge shoreline permeability in relation to stranded diluted bitumen on natural shorelines; (2) compare those findings against a series of experiments recently conducted by Environment Canada in a project named Bit_Ex; and (3) develop maps that estimate potential diluted bitumen retention for areas along British Columbia?s coast.

Harnessing imaging spectroscopy for multivariate rock sorting in the mine environment

The proposed research focuses on imaging spectroscopy of geological materials encountered at mineral deposits. Imaging spectroscopy (also known as hyperspectral imaging) in the geosciences traditionally utilizes airborne or spaceborne platforms but ground-based studies at outcrop and smaller scales are becoming more common. This technique collects reflectance data as images, and allows quick analysis of specific mineralogical properties that are visually undetectable (e.g., phyllosilicate mineralogy).

New mapping solutions based on hyperspectral images acquired from an unmanned aerial systems (drone)

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), also known as drone, is an emerging technology with a tremendous potential to enable new civilian applications. In a near future, the number and use of UAS will increase. They will play a significant role in many public missions such as border surveillance, wildlife surveys, military training, weather monitoring, and local law enforcement. When equipped with camera, UAS are efficient acquisition platforms for regional mapping and surveying at costs far lower than airborne photogrammetric solutions.