During the summer of 2015, I would like to replicate two of the intensive news-flow studies we conducted a decade ago on the Web sites of six daily newspapers, in order to assess whether any changes have occurred in the news maps these newspapers produce.
Flooding causes significant impacts to economic activities, disrupts and displaces populations and creates substantial risk to human safety. Recovery efforts from major flood events can be lengthy and have huge economic impacts both in loss of revenue and cost of repair and restoration. Changes in physical characteristics, economic practices and/or human actions can impact the hydrology of a watershed. The Elk River has experience extreme flooding in 1995, 2005 and 2013.
The Raincoast Conservation Foundation pursues conservation initiatives in coastal British Columbia through science, outreach, and sustainable economies, such as ecotourism informed by local knowledge and ecology. The success of wildlife viewing ecotourism greatly depends on knowing areas and time periods predictably ·used by target species. The goal of the proposed research is to inform initiatives of Raincoast and its ecotourism partners (e.g. Spirit Bear Lodge, Wuikinuxv First Nation, Nimmo Bay Resort) by research on commercially-valuable wildlife.
Marine Mammals depend on sound for survival, whether for communicating with each other or for hunting for food. Human produced (Anthropogenic) sound such as from shipping, military SONAR, coastal development and oil and gas exploration, development and extraction, can all interrupt and disturb marine mammals. As sea ice begins to melt sooner and for longer due to climate change, the Arctic has become more accessible and therefore become targeted by industry for development and expansion.
Urban development increases the runoff of precipitation to streams and rivers, degrading the environment in terms of water resources and habitat. While detention ponds can slow the water down and improve the water quality, larger volumes of water are still released to streams in most urban areas. New technologies in Low Impact Development (LID) provide innovative approaches to reduce the volume of water released from urban developments (e.g., infiltration).
Full waveform inversion (FWI) is an inversion technique that uses least squares theory to compute a velocity model of the Earth that minimizes the difference between an acquired shot and a synthetic shot. The technique proved to be of hard usage in industry and the goal of the project is to research for solutions that allow the application on real seismic data. The gradient (direction of the model update) will be computed with the PSPI migration and the scale factor (for proper update) will be computed by least squares. The final implement is to apply it on elastic waves (real data).
The intern will begin her project by conducting independent research on policy development, Inuit engagement, and the development of the offshore oil and gas industry in Nunavut for the month of May. She will then travel to Iqaluit for the month of June to complete a work term with the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA). Throughout this work term, the intern will analyze and review an offshore oil and gas policy prepared by Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., and provide the QIA with a report outlining the strength and weaknesses of the policy based on QIAs mandate.
This unique research project, undertaken by Master of Northern Governance and Development (MNGD) students, contributes significantly to our understanding of the North. The research focuses on community-based responses to rapid economic, social, and environmental changes and the development of the local capacity to respond. The analysis is collaborative, involving key stakeholders at the community and multi-community levels, and is informed by their values and interests.
With the benefit of three months supervision from Dr Argha Banerjee at the Indian Institute for Science Education and Research, my research on glacier dynamics and hydrology in High Mountain Asia (HMA) will make an important contribution to understanding the likely impacts of climate change, understanding that will improve peoples resilience. HMA is the most glacierized region in the world after the Poles and glacial meltwater is vital to hundreds of millions of people downstream. Research there has so far been limited and is now a high priority.
Fresh water is becoming an increasingly precious resource, and correct management plans are vital to the continued survival of groundwater aquifers and rivers for human use. 2013/2014 was the driest year in São Paulo State, and this drought is still affecting agricultural land use. In parallel with the decreasing water supply, we have an increasing consumption for urban, industrial and agricultural purposes. Part of management involves predicting available freshwater. We are conducting a research project to explore freshwater resources in several locations across São Paulo State.