Understanding changes in corticospinal excitability due to chronic resistance training and fatigue

The proposed research will allow us to determine how the human central nervous system (i.e. brain and spinal cord) functions to produce different intensities of muscle contractions with and without fatigue. We will use a variety of stimulation technics to determine how active the brain and spinal cord are during the arm contractions. We do not currently have a detailed understanding of how the brain and spinal work together during force production.

The Impact of Renovations in Long Term Care Living Spaces on Residents with Dementia, their Families and the Staff that Care for Them

Riverview Health Centre (RHC) plans to renovate their special care units and grounds, which accommodate 60 residents with intermediate and advanced stages of dementia. The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the renovations on residents, family and staff using a multi-methods research approach and a multi-disciplinary team of researchers (i.e., architecture, sociology, kinesiology, clinical psychology, pharmacy, nutrition, nursing, and health sciences).

Improved Care for High Risk Arthritis Patients

Arthritis affects 4.6 million Canadians and the demand for timely and effective care is critical to better patient outcomes and cost effectiveness. The research projects will identify better models of care delivery for:
1) at risk patients with obesity who may require knee and/or hip replacement surgery or require conservative medical treatment in place of surgery; and,
2) for inflammatory disease (IA) patients who require rapid medical intervention to limit disease progression and symptoms.
This research will use data modeling tools for such patients to analyze the risk and need for surgery.

Implementation and Evaluation of an Integrated Chiropractic Service for Musculoskeletal Conditions into the Canadian Forces Health Service

Low back pain is a leading cause of disability worldwide. The Canadian Armed Forces (CF) has a greater incidence of LBP than the general population. LBP is responsible for a large proportion of medical releases in the CF with many cases resulting in lifelong pain and disability. Improved early access to evidence-based care could help prevent chronicity and recurrences, and reduce health care costs. The purpose of this project is to implement and evaluate a new inter-disciplinary, patient-centred health care service that includes chiropractic services for the management of LBP in the CF.

The Recess Project

Our goal is to continue to provide the solution to the problems that elementary schools are facing across Ontario. To re-define the existing culture of recess by providing healthy role models, options and equipment and advocating for spaces more conducive to play. Our research team is currently the only one in Canada dedicated to research on recess.

Appropriate Neuromuscular Rolling Intensities and Applications

Prior research has shown that rolling muscles can increase flexibility without performance decreases. These studies have used a variety of rolling pressures (intensities). It is not known whether higher or lower rolling pressures are better for improving flexibility. Thus one of the studies will examine different pressures of rolling on flexibility and muscle performance. On the other hand, it is not known whether the rolling effects are improved when combined with stretching. It is also not known what the duration of these effects might be.

Looking at the Physical and Psychosocial Outcomes of an After-School Physical Activity Intervention for Children with Congenital Heart Disease

The research intern will be working with Sportball to offer one of their multi-sport after-school programs to children who are living with serious heart defects. Physical activity has many health benefits for children, and after-school programs are an effective way to increase daily physical activity levels. Children living with heart disease are a vulnerable group who don’t regularly participate in physical activity, putting them at risk of developing chronic diseases later in life.

Evaluating the prospective benefits of physical demands description (PDD) data created from job simulations

Every job at Ford Motor Company should have an associated document describing the physical demands (i.e., lifting, climbing, pushing, etc.) required in that job. This information is important to select job candidates with the right blend of capabilities to be able to safely meet these demands. Perhaps more importantly, this information also provides a benchmark to guide health care providers in helping injured workers rehabilitate their capabilities so that they can again return to their job, safely meeting the job’s demands.

Enhancing performance in Canadian athletes: A novel and integrated approach to neurofeedback and heart rate variability biofeedback training in the daily training environment

Two essential factors of sport performance at the elite level of sport are the ability to focus on the correct aspects at the correct time while ignoring irrelevant distractions and effectively managing anxiety in the very stressful environment of a World Championship or an Olympic Games.

Nutritional and exercise recovery strategies to improve sports performance in young athletes – the need for protein

The purpose of this multi-project study is to investigate the effects of two different doses of protein supplementation following exercise training on muscle damage and inflammation, as well as on post-recovery exercise performance in young swimmers. Sub-project 1 examines whether whey protein supplementation following a training session enhances exercise performance and affects post-exercise muscle damage and inflammation.

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