One of the principle drawbacks to the production of biofuels is the competition that is created with traditional food crops for land. The potential for decommissioned municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills to support energy crop production has been left largely uninvestigated in Canada and other parts of North America. One of the primary obstacles to the establishment of crops on MSW landfills is the presence of high concentrations of landfill biogas in the plant root zone.
This project will provide information to Canadian chicken producers and processors that will help them to produce high-quality chicken more efficiently. This objective will be achieved by rewarding producers for their quality-contributing production efforts. The analytical emphasis will be on reviewing and assessing selected, successful quality-rewarding pricing schemes in the poultry industries outside of Canada, and on developing the key elements of a pricing scheme for Canadian chicken producers that explicitly integrates selected, novel quality traits.
The intern will collaborate with MGS Horticultural, a major supplier of fertilizer and pest management controls, to study the relationship between scent and pollination success in commercial greenhouses. Previous (unpublished) research has suggested that scent is an integral component of pollination in greenhouse tomato, and that scent can be affected by growth conditions within a greenhouse. The research proposed will attempt to not only confirm this, but use it in developing a course of action for tomato crops which are experiencing a deficit of pollination.
Evidence-based research has provided a body of evidence which links improved patient outcomes with building features such as courtyards, views of nature and access to daylight. While the quantitative data produced by such studies makes a strong case to decision-makers for the inclusion of such features into healthcare facilities, the design of healing environments requires more than a checklist of desirable features.
Various species of mites pose significant challenges for apple growers worldwide. In order to control the mite infestations, miticides can be sprayed or predators can be introduced. The latter option leads to a complex ecology characterized by predator-prey relationships. Multiple species, with varying behaviours, give rise to complex population dynamics that must be better understood if apple growers are to prevent damage to their orchards effectively.
The project will utilize basic research to understand the target and time of action of the organic materials which will be used to guide the implementation and management plan for a new blossom thinner. The intern will test the efficacy of twenty candidate organic materials to act as blossom thinners and develop a management plan for the application of the materials with respect to timing and concentration at which they should be employed.
Feedlot Health Management Services is a comprehensive beef industry consultancy, providing veterinary services, herd health programs and computerized health-recording systems and other informational tools to producers. Fat yield, lean yield, meat tenderness, carcass marbling and carcass grading are some characteristics of cattle that are measures of beef quality. Thus, the goal of this project is to determine how these characteristics and the genetic makeup of the cattle are correlated with one another.
The BC Ministry of Agriculture & Lands (MAL) monitors antimicrobial resistance of bacteria found in chickens, swine, cattle and other farm animals. The program uses a complex sampling scheme to select animals to be tested, and tests for resistance to several different bacteria. For E. coli and Salmonella, resistance and MIC values for 17 anti-microbial agents are collected, and for Campylobacter, for 8 antibiotics. Methods of analysis and presentation need to be developed to summarize the data using appropriate statistical methodology.