Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance is becoming a major public health concern and is linked to use of sub-therapeutic antibiotics in agriculture. Sub-therapeutic antibiotics have been used for years in swine production to mitigate diarrheal diseases observed at weaning. Thus, development of alternative nutritional strategies to minimize sub-therapeutic antibiotic use is vital. Mannan-oligosaccharides may be useful as a feed additive to mitigate post-weaning diarrheal diseases.
Soybean is the main source of protein in poultry diets while its production results in significant global greenhouse gas emissions. A potential substitute for the use of soybean could be insects like black soldier fly larvae (BSFL; rich in protein and fat) produced from food wastage. Dried BSFL has been approved by CFIA for use in broiler diets but has not yet been approved to be used in laying hen diets in Canada because of the lack of required data.
A feeding trial with BSFL (control, 10%, 20%) will be carried out to assess the feasibility and safety of the use of larvae in layer diets.
Natural fibres are abundant in Canada and have the potential to be used in a wide variety of biocomposites and industrial bioproducts. In order to develop a thriving biomaterials sector, the quality and consistency of this vast resource must be continually assessed and monitored to ensure a quality product can be delivered to end-users on a consistent basis.
Farmers of North America (FNA) and FNA Strategic Agriculture Institute (FNA STAG) are two Canadian organizations dedicated to maximizing farm profitability. They collect and analyze demographic, legal, marketing and relevant data about its producers and partnering commodity organizations to understand the farmer market need and create strategies for business operation functionality. With this project, the organizations will get two database systems, the market/consumer research and distributed database.
Diseases of dairy cattle adversely affect meat and milk quality. Our research demonstrates that high immune response (HIR) cattle have many health advantages, including better quality colostrum/milk. HIR technology is marketed by our partner Semex Inc as Immunity+. While many advantages of HIR exist, there is more to learn, particularly as it relates to colostrum. Colostrum is the first milk from the mother that protects the new born. HIR cows have enhanced specific antibody and pass this protection to their calves via colostrum.
The purpose of the project is to generate soybean plants able to tolerate whole plant submergence and waterlogging (soil submergence). This will be achieved by inducing Pgb, a gene normally present in soybean and known to confer tolerance to excessive humidity, through genetic manipulations. Correlative studies between Pgb expression and performance under excessive water conditions will also be conducted in commercial varieties of soybean. Similar studies will be conducted to assess the effect of altered Pgb level to drought stress.
Within Our Reach is an action research partnership between Food Secure Canada and Community First: Impacts of Community Engagement (CFICE). It aims to increase the capacity of community and academic partners to contribute to a civil society national food policy process. We will do this through the practical application of, and experimentation with, ways to collaborate, coordinate efforts, and share resources for enhanced policy impact and knowledge mobilization.
The main objective of the study is to increase the discovery of important reproduction and health genetic variants in dairy cattle. This could help improve reproduction and health of dairy herds through genomic selection or editing of the genome. In order to find the causative variants affecting reproduction and health traits, a review of the literature will be performed and new and cutting-edge genomic technology will be used.
Consumers are increasingly interested in how their pork is raised especially in terms of welfare (the five freedoms) and the use of antibiotics (in relation to antimicrobial resistance). This project will focus on pig behavioural traits such as aggressiveness, tail biting and social interaction and seek to develop new tools to allow these traits to be included within selection programs.
Exposure to diagnostic imaging techniques such as X-ray and CT scan could cause DNA damage in our body leading to cancer. We wish to develop a unique antioxidant formula to avoid the risk of cancer. Apple peel has some unique and strong antioxidants called flavonoids. Our aim of this project is to examine whether apple flavonoids could contribute to the protection against DNA damage. We will use a carcinogen-induced experimental method using human cells to assess test compounds for protecting DNA damage.