Microalgae have potential for use in both the food and feed industries. It is already used in a number of different applications, including biofuels, flavour enhancers, colouring agents and emulsification agents, as well as sources of protein, polysaccharides, lipids and vitamins. Microalgae also contains proteins which can serve as precursor of small fragment (3-20 amino acids), or peptides, that have functions beyond their nutritional value. The peptides potentially act as antioxidants, regulate immune response and lower blood pressure during hypertension.
The overall objective of the proposed initiative is to develop a novel, automated and integrated harvesting system that will identify the root causes of increased loses; increase berry picking efficiency and product quality. The increased harvesting losses of wild blueberry crop during harvesting have pushed the growers and processors within the industry to set a goal, to increase the harvestable yields of wild blueberries by 33% to justify ever increasing cost of agrochemicals.
3M Purification is a commercial leader in water purification components and systems. Currently, the company is in the strong need of developing new water filtration and purification solutions in the area of divalent cation membranes. It is proposed that this membranes will be fabricated out of graphene-based materials fabricated using technology that has been developed in previous work by the intern in partnership with the same academic group and supervisor selected for this project.
Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resins are catalyzed poly-condensation products from phenol and formaldehyde. The annual global production and consumption of PF resins is over 3.0 Mt and valued more than $2 billion. However, the World Health Organizations International Agency has classified formaldehyde to be carcinogenic to humans. Therefore, it is of great interest to produce green PF adhesives with low or no formaldehyde emission.
This project will design an Apiary Management System to control and study environmental conditions that affect beehive health and honey production. Several efforts will be undertaken in developing this intelligent hive concept. In-hive environmental sensors will be implemented and thermal backplane will be developed to regulate the temperature within the hive. Sensors will be installed for studying bee movement, activity, and population. In the environment surrounding the apiary, food type and availability will be studied.
Optimiser la production porcine au Canada est un défi majeur puisque ses acteurs sont en concurrence avec ceux des pays où les coûts de production sont moindres. Il est impératif pour une telle optimisation de repenser ses programmes de sélection, de considérer la nécessité de diversifier son offre et d’améliorer le bien-être animal. En combinant deux approches, ce projet se propose de traiter ces problèmes économiques et éthiques par le biais d’une recherche de pointe en sélection génétique.
There is a growing awareness of the role of microbes in the functioning of higher organisms. The human microbiome has now been shown to play key roles in health and physiology. Similarly, plants have had microbes, mycorrhizal fungi for example, associated with their roots since they colonized the land. It is becoming clear that there is a community of rhizobacteria that is regularly associated with plant roots and plays an important role in how plants deal with a range of environmental challenges. Inocucor Technologies has developed a consortium of microbes that improve plant performance.
Le secteur agricole québécois désire mettre en place une filière énergétique à la biomasse agricole. Toutefois, la combustion de biomasses agricoles en remplacement des combustibles fossiles rencontre certains freins à son développement. Comme la biomasse contient des quantités appréciables d’azote, de soufre, de chlore, de potassium et de silicium, sa combustion émet plus de particules et d’oxydes d’azote et de soufre et engendre davantage de problèmes d’opération (encrassement, corrosion et mâchefers).
Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid that has recently been discovered to play an important role in plant-pathogen interactions. In this proposal, we will comprehensively investigate the potential of GABA metabolism to boost plant immunity against fungal and bacterial pathogens using tomato and Arabidopsis as model plant systems. The effectiveness of exogenous applications of GABA will be compared with known inducers of disease resistance in laboratory and greenhouse trials, and then novel formulations will be developed and evaluated.
In addition to food uses, vegetable oils are increasingly a source for renewable biomaterials and biofuels. Recent progress in the development of a biobased economy is focused on introduction and improvement of novel crop plants for non-food applications. The proposed project is part of an international collaborative effort to develop camelina as a new industrial oil platform.