The project will be taking in agricultural waste sources to produce biogas. Biogas after being purified is equivalent to the natural gas supplied by your local utility. The core of the research will be to investigate methods to speed up gas production for a given waste input and increase gas extraction. The production will be sped up by controlling the temperature at a higher point and the extraction will be increased by recirculating the produced gas into the biomass to unsettle and release trapped pockets of gas.
Hemp powder is an increasingly popular supplement with body builders. Hemp contains many of the essential building blocks of proteins (i.e. amino acids) and also contains oil helpful to prevent swelling. It may also be beneficial for building muscle mass and increasing bone health. Despite these possible benefits, the effectiveness of hemp powder during a strength training program has never been assessed.
Haskap, an emerging new berry crop in Canada, has tremendous potential for use in functional foods. The crop can be easily propagated and grown in a wide range of soils providing economic benefit, in that it will allow for better use of abundant farm lands present in Atlantic Canada. Research conducted at the Dalhousie Agricultural Campus indicates that antioxidant properties and total polyphenols of haskap are greater than that of wild blueberry.
Recent consumer interest in controlling and preventing chronic diseases through improved diet has promoted research on the bioactive components of agricultural products. Wheat is an important component of the human diet, providing energy, due to its high content of carbohydrate, and protein. In addition, wheat contains high levels of secondary metabolite (bioactive) compounds such as antioxidants. Wheat genotype, the environment, and possibly interactions between the genotype and environment are known to strongly influence the levels of these bioactives.
Improving feed efficiency (FE) and meat quality (MQ) are Canadian swine industry priorities that will increase sustainability and competitiveness. It is difficult to improve these traits simultaneously by traditional breeding methods due to limited knowledge of genetic interactions, limitations on animals that can be measured and the high cost of measurement. High throughput genomic technology has the potential to positively impact these issues. Our overall purpose is to develop a genomic assisted breeding program to simultaneously improve FE and MQ.
Microalgae have potential for use in both the food and feed industries. It is already used in a number of different applications, including biofuels, flavour enhancers, colouring agents and emulsification agents, as well as sources of protein, polysaccharides, lipids and vitamins. Microalgae also contains proteins which can serve as precursor of small fragment (3-20 amino acids), or peptides, that have functions beyond their nutritional value. The peptides potentially act as antioxidants, regulate immune response and lower blood pressure during hypertension.
The overall objective of the proposed initiative is to develop a novel, automated and integrated harvesting system that will identify the root causes of increased loses; increase berry picking efficiency and product quality. The increased harvesting losses of wild blueberry crop during harvesting have pushed the growers and processors within the industry to set a goal, to increase the harvestable yields of wild blueberries by 33% to justify ever increasing cost of agrochemicals.
3M Purification is a commercial leader in water purification components and systems. Currently, the company is in the strong need of developing new water filtration and purification solutions in the area of divalent cation membranes. It is proposed that this membranes will be fabricated out of graphene-based materials fabricated using technology that has been developed in previous work by the intern in partnership with the same academic group and supervisor selected for this project.
Phenol formaldehyde (PF) resins are catalyzed poly-condensation products from phenol and formaldehyde. The annual global production and consumption of PF resins is over 3.0 Mt and valued more than $2 billion. However, the World Health Organizations International Agency has classified formaldehyde to be carcinogenic to humans. Therefore, it is of great interest to produce green PF adhesives with low or no formaldehyde emission.
This project will design an Apiary Management System to control and study environmental conditions that affect beehive health and honey production. Several efforts will be undertaken in developing this intelligent hive concept. In-hive environmental sensors will be implemented and thermal backplane will be developed to regulate the temperature within the hive. Sensors will be installed for studying bee movement, activity, and population. In the environment surrounding the apiary, food type and availability will be studied.