Optimiser la production porcine au Canada est un défi majeur puisque ses acteurs sont en concurrence avec ceux des pays où les coûts de production sont moindres. Il est impératif pour une telle optimisation de repenser ses programmes de sélection, de considérer la nécessité de diversifier son offre et d’améliorer le bien-être animal. En combinant deux approches, ce projet se propose de traiter ces problèmes économiques et éthiques par le biais d’une recherche de pointe en sélection génétique.
There is a growing awareness of the role of microbes in the functioning of higher organisms. The human microbiome has now been shown to play key roles in health and physiology. Similarly, plants have had microbes, mycorrhizal fungi for example, associated with their roots since they colonized the land. It is becoming clear that there is a community of rhizobacteria that is regularly associated with plant roots and plays an important role in how plants deal with a range of environmental challenges. Inocucor Technologies has developed a consortium of microbes that improve plant performance.
Le secteur agricole québécois désire mettre en place une filière énergétique à la biomasse agricole. Toutefois, la combustion de biomasses agricoles en remplacement des combustibles fossiles rencontre certains freins à son développement. Comme la biomasse contient des quantités appréciables d’azote, de soufre, de chlore, de potassium et de silicium, sa combustion émet plus de particules et d’oxydes d’azote et de soufre et engendre davantage de problèmes d’opération (encrassement, corrosion et mâchefers).
Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid that has recently been discovered to play an important role in plant-pathogen interactions. In this proposal, we will comprehensively investigate the potential of GABA metabolism to boost plant immunity against fungal and bacterial pathogens using tomato and Arabidopsis as model plant systems. The effectiveness of exogenous applications of GABA will be compared with known inducers of disease resistance in laboratory and greenhouse trials, and then novel formulations will be developed and evaluated.
In addition to food uses, vegetable oils are increasingly a source for renewable biomaterials and biofuels. Recent progress in the development of a biobased economy is focused on introduction and improvement of novel crop plants for non-food applications. The proposed project is part of an international collaborative effort to develop camelina as a new industrial oil platform.
Improving feed efficiency (FE) and meat quality (MQ) are Canadian swine industry priorities that will increase sustainability and competitiveness. It is difficult to improve these traits simultaneously by traditional breeding methods due to limited knowledge of genetic interactions, limitations on animals that can be measured and the high cost of measurement. High throughput genomic technology has the potential to positively impact these issues. Our overall purpose is to develop a genomic assisted breeding program to simultaneously improve FE and MQ.
Research objectives: 1. Assess the incorporation of PUFAs in offspring's blood and brain tissue following maternal AM supplementation 2. Investigate the effect of maternal AM supplementation on the offspring's antibody-mediated (AbMIR) and cellmediated (CMIR) immune responses 3.
I. To reduce the risk of emerging infectious diseases related to poultry; and
II. To improve Alberta poultry industry productivity and profitability
To reach these broad objectives we will address 3 specific objectives:
Determine what the knowledge needs of the poultry industry are and how knowledge is best disseminated to improve disease prevention in poultry flocks and preparedness and response to disease outbreaks.
In cattle, energy requirements after parturition increase exponentially, primarily, due to increase in milk production. Negative energy balance hampers reproductive efficiency, inflicting heavy economic losses to dairy industry. Poor reproduction is the most important cause of culling dairy cows. Feed supplementation with vitamins improves energy balance. Also, observations in humans indicate that folic acid and vitamin B12 improve oocyte quality and pregnancy establishment.
Biobased products, mostly derived from plant biomass, have the potential to improve the sustainability of Canada’s natural resources and environmental quality while competing economically. Plant biomass, composed primarily of cell walls and modification of cell wall properties has the potential to improve biomass conversion to biobased products such as biofuels. Progress towards achieving this goal is currently impeded by a lack of knowledge of how cell walls are assembled and how their structure affects the processing of biomass.