Swiss-roll mixed reactant fuel cell: design advancements and scale-up

The Ph.D. intern will be involved in the engineering scale-up of an innovative mixed-reactant fuel cell technology pioneered at the University of British Columbia. The proposed technology provides a simpler, cheaper and more compact design compared to conventional fuel cells. The partner organization, Mantra Energy Alternatives, will benefit greatly from the proposed project because it will provide an integrated and essential component to their carbon dioxide conversion and alternative energy generation strategy.

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide in a trickle-bed reactor

The Ph.D. intern will be involved in the research and development of improved CO2 electroreduction catalysts aimed at enhancing the commercial feasibility of a novel Canadian technology proprietary to the partner organization, Mantra Energy Alternatives Ltd. The ultimate goal is to convert CO2 emissions from industrial sources into value-added products (e.g. formate) using Mantra’s trickle-bed electrochemical reactor.

Production de biocharbons par torréfaction/pyrolyse de résidus maraîchers et lignocellulosiques et, étude comparative de leurs caractéristiques pour une utilisation au sol

Un programme de recherche a été entrepris par la Chaire de Recherche Industrielle en Environnement et Biotechnologie (CRIEB) de l’UQTR, l’Université Laval et Innofibre du Cégep de Trois-Rivières en partenariat avec Airex Énergie et la division du MAPAQ en Mauricie.

Renewable Energy Mobility (REM)

The proposed REM project aims at developing and installing a highly iconographic solar charging station that will help inspire and foster the expansion of local infrastructure for electric vehicles at York University. This effort is part of a plan to use this innovative solar charging station to offset the electrical needs of EVs and most importantly to attract autosharing companies to the campus so EVs can become highly accessible to everyone at the university.

A comparison of the solvent extraction of betulin and betulinic acid from tree bark with a bark oil containing a complex mixture of compounds

B. W. BioEnergy Inc. produces high-quality carbon from renewable hardwood trees (birch, alder, willow and maple) in a patent-pending torrefaction process. The trees are debarked to produce the carbon which is 10-times more effective than commercial coconut carbon. Tree bark is a waste product and currently used to fuel the torrefaction process.

Valorization of Byproducts from Bio-diesel and Pulp/Paper Plants into Green Chemicals and Fuels

Glycerol is generated in a large quantity as a byproduct in bio-diesel plants, and hence utilization of crude glycerol for value-added chemicals (such as 1,2-propanediol - an important commodity material used in the production of polyester resins and pharmaceuticals) will yield both economic and environmental benefits to bio-diesel plants.

Energy Management and Control System for Off-Grid System

The goal of this research is to facilitate utilization of solar energy in Caribbean islands. Currently, the Caribbean islands mainly depend on the scarce oil-based energy resources. This research will assess and define cost effective suitable solar-PV technology with storage and associated energy management and control system for utilization of the solar energy resources available in the Caribbean Islands. The proposed research will minimize operational cost, enable efficient distribution and utilization of energy, and reduce greenhouse gas emission.

Development of CFD model applied to fluidized beds for waste gasification

Gasification of wastes (either urban waste or residues from forest and agricultural operations) at large scale is a challenging operation because of the heterogeneity of the feedstock. Enerkem has addressed such challenge via its state-of-the art Bubbling Fluidized Bed (BFB) technology coupled with secondary Cracking and Reforming that results in high conversion of Carbon to syngas and a quality of the Syngas that makes it suitable for Catalytic Processing. The Enerkem approach provides a sustainable alternative to both landfill and incineration.

Photovoltaic Production-Developing new Materials and Approaches

Through the Ontario Green Energy Act, solar manufacturing is rapidly growing in Ontario with S2E being involved in several new initiatives including a new lamination facility in London, Ontario. Several fundamental problems need to be addressed in the lamination procedure and materials required for photovoltaic (PV) panel construction. To increase panel efficiencies, this project will examine new materials and the integration of various light absorbing materials into the poly (ethylene vinyl acetate) EVA encapsulants.

Studying the Effect of a Thermal Storage in a Combined Building Integrated PV/T and ASHP systems

Combining Building Integrated Photovoltaic / Thermal (BIPV/T) system and Air Source Heat Pump (ASHP) with a thermal storage potentially can increase the efficiency of the heat pump and therefore reduce cost of heating and cooling for the building. In addition, this system potentially can reduce the GHG emission. A hollow core concrete floor can be used as a heat storage. Excess heat during the day can be stored in the concrete and be used during the night when the heating demand of the building is higher.