A decision support framework for optimizing tube utilization in laboratory tests

In this project, the intern will design a decision support framework for optimizing tube utilization in laboratory tests. Given a prescription, the framework automates the tube selection process and outputs low cost tube configurations. The framework is designed to be easily adapted to different lab configurations. It consists of three processes, namely data profile configuration, tube optimization and solution prioritization. Data profile configuration process will formulate code and machine configuration files as the inputs to the tube optimization process.

10 Channel Prototype to 16 Channel Medical Grade EEG Headset

Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people worldwide. These people can experience unexpected seizures that makes it risky for them to engage in everyday activities like driving and walking. A portable wireless neuromonitoring headset prototype that is worn on the head has been developed by Avertus Inc. to address this issue. The headset is designed to read brain waves, and, through a wireless connection to a cell phone, warn the wearer that the device has measured brain activity characteristic with an oncoming seizure.

Detection and Removal of EEG Chewing and Ambulation Artifacts for the Purpose of Increasing Robustness of Seizure Detection

The aim of the internship is for the intern to take up the challenge of detecting and removing noise from brain signals that are recorded using electroencephalogram (EEG). The noise that is of interest in the project is mainly caused by the subject chewing and walking. These noises are found to have caused the inability to have a high accuracy in performing seizure detection using EEG. Machine learning-based approaches are to be taken in the attempt to characterize these noises and subsequently eliminate it from the recorded brain signal.

Technology validation of the needle-free injector MED-JET H4 for vaccination

In adults, influenza vaccination is administered by intramuscular injection, a procedure that many people find painful and that some find frightening (ie: needle-phobia). Influenza vaccination is now encouraged or recommended for all Canadians. Every year, there is a large effort to vaccinate as many people as possible before the ‘flu season’. The urgency to vaccinate is even more acute in pandemics. Public health authorities are interested in ways to increase vaccine acceptance and delivery. One way to promote vaccine uptake and facilitate delivery would be needle-free injection.

Development and characterization of elite Echinacea germplasm for natural health products and dietary supplements

Echinacea is a popular medicinal herb with a global market of ?$1 billion. While numerous Echinacea products are already available, variable plant chemistry and genetics leads to inconsistent product quality. In an effort to develop “chemically customized” varieties for herbal products and supplements, Amway Canada has partnered with researchers at the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. Having already analyzed >100 varieties of Echinacea, we are breeding selected individuals with desired properties to establish new distinct and stable lines.

The MAID Study: Microbiome and Antibiotic-Induced Dysbiosis in Children

Antibiotics are the most widely prescribed drugs in children and its frequent use presents a real danger to its ongoing effectiveness. Probiotics are bacteria that, when administered in adequate amounts, may replenish “good” bacteria depleted by antibiotics to maintain the normal bacterial composition in the gut. The aim of this study is to determine whether taking probiotics with antibiotics protects against shifts in the bacterial composition of the gut microbiota.

The Perceived Use of Electronic Identification-Based Wearables in Medication Administration in Long-Term Care

Medication errors are common in long-term care homes, as older adults are at an increased-risk of experiencing medication errors. Additionally, most older adults living in long-term care homes have dementia, and few can identify themselves; this increases the risk of a medication error. Tap2Tag Medical Ltd. offers the Tap2Tag Medical Alert Bracelet. The bracelet encompasses a personal health record which, once ‘tapped’ by a smartphone, loads a ‘profile’ onto the web browser of the phone.

The Functional Resilience Question-AIR: Validation of an assessment tool designed to measure employee resilience

The purpose of this research is to validate the Functional Resilience Question-Air (FRQ; Kinley, 2016), an assessment tool based on scientific principles that use the latest research on resilience and neuroplasticity. Specifically, the Functional Resilience Question-Air identifies employees’ personal strengths, providing them with a global resilience score as well as a personalized development plan.

Real Time Inverse Scattering for Optical Coherence Tomography - Year two

A critical challenge today in neuro-surgery is the determination of tumor boundaries intraoperatively. There are means of doing this using high-resolution MRI machines, however, these can be prohibitively costly. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers a promising, cheaper, label-free alternative. However, the basic models used for clinical, real-time OCT limit its usefulness and depth of focus. This work will develop a type of image reconstruction that includes digital focusing and anisotropic properties.

Improving obesity prevention and management in primary care: Patient experience of personalized assessment and care planning and impacts on patient self-management

Over 14 million Canadians live with overweight or obesity. Patients want conversations with their primary care team about weight and create personalized plans to improve their health. Primary care clinicians want to have these conversations too, but don’t know how. This project partners with an interdisciplinary primary care team (ESPCN) and the Canadian Obesity Network (CON) to create an intervention for personalized obesity assessment and care planning, and study how it supports patients in their everyday lives.