Conductance detection using granular films

Universal NanoSensor Technologies (UNS-Tech) develops and commercializes microfabricated conductivity detectors. In this MITACS project, UNS-Tech will partner with Prof. Cynthia to explore new detector architectures based on nano-particle and nano-shell films. The results will be analyzed and the findings will be published in scientific journals. The intern participating in this cluster will benefit from this internship by gaining tremendous knowledge of electronics-based detectors.

Growth, characterization and performance evolution of nitridenanowire photocatalyst for energy conversion

The splitting of water into its constituents i.e. hydrogen and oxygen using sunlight is one of the key sustainable energy technologies to enable clean, storable and renewable source of energy. Additionally, the more efficient oxidation of such fuels in lower cost fuel cells enable the broader potential use of such solar fuels in many applications. Here we propose to develop high quality group III-nitride nanowire photocatalyst for efficient and stable solar water splitting using advanced growth, structural and optical characterization techniques.

Synthesis & Development of Nano and Microsponge Formulations for Treatment of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a slow and progressive degenerative joint disorder, and is the most common form of arthritis, causing a significant reduction in the quality of life of afflicted individuals. A common treatment for this disease is to inject corticosteroids, such as triamcinolone acetonide (TA), directly into affected joints, which treats the joint inflammation that causes pain, swelling and reduced mobility. However, the effect of these drugs is short lived due to the rapid clearance of the drug from the joint synovial fluid.

Silicon photonic thermal phase shifter for on-chip spectrometer

Luxmux sensors will monitor steam quality and water quality for in-situ Thermally Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery. In Canada, 2 billions of kilograms of steam are produced per year for heavy oil recovery and this amount is expected to double in the next ten years. Each year, heavy oil producers spend $2.3 billions on natural gas to produce this steam. Lack of technology for online monitoring of steam quality and water quality reduces the amount of oil that can be produced and increases the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) being emitted.

In situ mobility characterization of solar grade materials during thin film growth

The intern will collaborate with Plasmionique Inc. to design and construct a novel solar material characterization apparatus. Specifically, the experimental apparatus will monitor the quality of solar materials during thin film growth. This will allow thin film growth to be optimized in a ways never before possible as growth conditions can be adapted in real time to optimize the film growth.

Development of Lipid Nanoparticle Reagents for Functional Genomics in Difficult-to-Transfect Cells In Vitro

The objective of this project is to develop lipid nanoparticle (LNP) reagents for the delivery of nucleic acids to turn off, or turn on target genes in “hard-to-transfect” neurons and stem cells in vitro and in vivo. A recent report (BCC Research, April 2011) observed that "51% of researchers employ cell-based techniques to perform transfection routinely.

Optical transistors and nano-features for security applications

We study a novel type of optical transistors using metallic nanohole arrays. The transistors operate based on strong coupling between surface plasmon polaritons and excitons via the metallic nanofeatures. One such transistor can act as a control unit, a photo-detector or a modulator and can open innovative practical applications in many fields. The physical structures of the transistors are flexible, light weight and ultrathin, so that they can be integrated in large scale with other types of thin-film optoelectronic components.

Development of Lipid Nanoparticle Reagents for Functional Genomics in Difficult-to-Transfect Cells In Vitro

The objective of this project is to develop lipid nanoparticle (LNP) reagents for the delivery of nucleic acids to turn off, or turn on target genes in “hard-to-transfect” neurons and stem cells in vitro and in vivo. A recent report (BCC Research, April 2011) observed that "51% of researchers employ cell-based techniques to perform transfection routinely. Although transfection techniques have been available for many years ….this procedure faces challenges such as the efficiency of gene introduction and its toxicity in cells." With an estimated market of $1.9 billion by 2016 this project will help explore high value market niche that is poised for substantial growth. It will leverage clinical grade, proprietary LNP reagents, a novel proprietary microfluidic-based manufacturing LNP technology, and a unique mechanism of action that maximizes LNP potency by combining broad expertise in technology development and commercialization from the University of British Columbia, and Precision NanoSystems Inc. (PNI).

Mapping Ontario’s NanoTechnology Industry

The purpose of this research project is to collect data on the actors with an interest in nanotechnology – including suppliers, users, researchers, associations and others in order to better understand the networks of innovation and to support NanoOntario’s efforts to facilitate the development of innovation networks and advance nanotechnology.

Microchannel Simulations with the Lattice Boltzmann Method

The nanofluidics and microfluidics simulations and experiments are becoming more and more popular nowadays. Such devices work on microscale to imitate macroscale operations but on a cheaper and faster basis. The good examples are lab-on-chips which perform DNA tests much faster and much cheaper than their large anologues. Thus, the reliable and robust simulations of micro devices are in high demand. One of such examples is multiphase simulations of fluid flow inside the capillaries.

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