Understanding changes in corticospinal excitability due to chronic resistance training and fatigue

The proposed research will allow us to determine how the human central nervous system (i.e. brain and spinal cord) functions to produce different intensities of muscle contractions with and without fatigue. We will use a variety of stimulation technics to determine how active the brain and spinal cord are during the arm contractions. We do not currently have a detailed understanding of how the brain and spinal work together during force production.

Quantifying Erosional Processes to Inform Management Policy

Mistaken Point, Newfoundland, is not only a globally unique scientific resource for studying the rise of animal-life, but also a growing tourist destination. As the locality looks towards obtaining World Heritage status, it is essential that steps are taken to ensure that any development of the tourist industry does not adversely affect the long term conservation of the fossils. This project, using modern 3D modelling and experimental techniques will examine the historic effects of visitors to the rock outcrops, as well as test strategies for reducing footwear based abrasion of the specimens.

Appropriate Neuromuscular Rolling Intensities and Applications

Prior research has shown that rolling muscles can increase flexibility without performance decreases. These studies have used a variety of rolling pressures (intensities). It is not known whether higher or lower rolling pressures are better for improving flexibility. Thus one of the studies will examine different pressures of rolling on flexibility and muscle performance. On the other hand, it is not known whether the rolling effects are improved when combined with stretching. It is also not known what the duration of these effects might be.

Development of improved condensing system for biomass pyrolysis process

ABRI-Tech and Memorial University (MUN) have been collaborating to optimize ABRI-Tech’s pyrolysis system to convert woody biomass (i.e. demolition wood waste, sawmill residues, forest residues, agricultural and other residues) to bioproducts.

A remote sensing-based wetland inventory and classification framework for Newfoundland and Labrador using satellite optical and synthetic aperture radar data

This project aims to develop a remote sensing based framework for Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) wetland inventory and classification and monitoring through the synergistic use of satellite and airborne multi-spectral and ortho-imagery and space-born synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data. The proposed project involves collaboration from C-CORE, Ducks Unlimited Canada, and Santec. The results and approach will help Ducks Unlimited Canada for conserving wetland and for waterfowl, wildlife and people.

Integrated pathogen management of co-infection in Atlantic salmon

The partner in this project is EWOS Canada, a producer of salmon feed. Salmon feed is made with sustainable and Canadian Food Inspection Agency approved ingredients. A major challenge in feed manufacturing is to support maximal growth and health of fish. This project addresses a health challenge which has received little attention in academic programs: that salmon in sea farms often have several infectious agents such as skin lice and bacterial infection.

Bobolink and eastern meadowlark occupancy in different agricultural land cover types

The bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) and eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) are listed as a species at risk in several Canadian provinces. Both songbird species are most abundant in Ontario and breed in hayfields, pastures, and other grassland-like environments. Ontario’s Endangered Species Act (ESA) seeks to protect these species by regulating activities that negatively affect their habitat.

Controls on diagenetic evolution in Tithonian Jeanne d’Arc Formation, Terra Nova field: Implications for reservoir quality evolution

Hydrocarbons are hosted in porous sedimentary rocks which were deposited several million years prior to the ingress of hydrocarbons. Once these sedimentary rocks are deposited, other physical, chemical and biological, all termed diagenetic, processes act to modify their original properties. A major product of this diagenesis is cementation. The cement (minerals) occludes (plugs) the pore spaces in the sedimentary rock thus, in general, reducing its capacity to host hydrocarbons. This project, among others will seek to understand the types of cement and their origin in Terra Nova field.

The effects of unilateral dominant knee extensors fatigue on non-exercised contralateral and ipsilateral elbow flexors

The aim of this study is to further quantify the global effects of NLMF. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of it's kind to examine NLMF in muscle groups of both the upper and lower body which are ipsilateral to the fatigued muscle group.

Upheaval buckling behavior of offshore oil pipeline

Over the past few decades, offshore oil and gas development activities have grown rapidly to meet the global energy demand. Canada is one of the major offshore oil and gas producing countries in the world and relies on pipelines for transporting offshore oil and gas. While the pipeline is considered as one of the most viable mean of transporting oil and gas, the consequence of pipeline failure is disastrous, affecting the economy, public health and the environment. It is therefore of paramount importance to keep the pipeline safe from any potential damage.