Prototype Behavior Based Integrity Verification (BBIV)

Web computing, in which the world-wide web is itself employed as a distributed computing platform, is entering a stage of rapid expansion with the advent of Open Web Platform so that programs that once worked only a native environment on desktop, tablets or phones can now work from within a browser itself. There is therefore a need for a new form of protection for apps.

Synthesis of Carbohydrate Derivatives for the Improvement of Red Blood Cell Storage

Most red blood cells (RBCs) are stored from 1-6 °C in an additive solution of saline, adenine, glucose, and mannitol for up to 42 days. Cryopreservation of RBCs at -80 ºC in 40% glycerol can prolong their shelf life to at least ten years; however, the process to remove glycerol prior to transfusion is time-consuming and precludes the use of cryopreserved RBCs in emergency situations. The proposed research aims to develop non-toxic carbohydrate derivatives to improve the quality of hypothermically-stored RBCs and facilitate the use of cryopreserved RBCs.

Development and characterization of elite Echinacea germplasm for natural health products and dietary supplements

Echinacea is a popular medicinal herb with a global market of ?$1 billion. While numerous Echinacea products are already available, variable plant chemistry and genetics leads to inconsistent product quality. In an effort to develop “chemically customized” varieties for herbal products and supplements, Amway Canada has partnered with researchers at the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. Having already analyzed >100 varieties of Echinacea, we are breeding selected individuals with desired properties to establish new distinct and stable lines.

Electrochemical Impedance Modeling and Optimization of Li-Ion Battery Utility using Active Battery Management System (ActiveBMS)

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are considered the top candidates among electrochemical energy storage systems (ESS) due to their high energy density which has triggered the growth market of popular devices such as cell phones, computers, electric vehicles (EV) etc. As ESS, LIBs are continuously charged and discharged during their utility. The charge/discharge cycle is known to contribute towards their degradation depending on the charging protocol and operating conditions.

Effects of dietary glutathione precursors on cellular redox and mitochondrial efficiency in adults consuming a defined hypocaloric diet (Optifast-900; Nestlé Canada)

The aim of the proposed research is to investigate the cellular mechanistic effects of supplementation with a hypocaloric meal replacement product (Optifast-900; Nestlé Canada) containing cysteine and glycine, which are amino acid precursors of the antioxidant glutathione. Impaired cellular glutathione redox normally occurs with aging and metabolic disorders, however, this study will focus on a population in which we have previously observed impaired muscle cellular glutathione redox and slow weight loss during the exclusive dietary consumption of Optifast-900.

Hand gesture recognition for car driver interactions

Klashwerks is an Ottawa-based engineering design and Technology Company founded in 2016 that focuses on the emerging connected car market. They are currently developing an intelligent driver companion for smart car. One desirable feature of this product is to offer the possibility to drivers to interact with the device by simply using their hands. Gestures constitute indeed one of the most powerful modality for humans to interact with computers.

Bare glass: electro-optic integrated circuits for a software defined networking capable Tbit/s transceiver

The only constant in communications networks is change. Software defined networking (SDN) and elastic optical networking (EON) technologies enable adaptation to change but their implementation is impeded by the rigidity of network infrastructure and specifically the optical transport layer. Analogous to the term ‘bare metal’ used to describe commodity electronics, ‘bare glass’ photonics technology is need be developed so that all network functions electronic or optical are software defined.

Pelvic Floor Health and Sexual Well-Being in Men

The promotion and maintenance of men’s pelvic floor health is a growing concern as pelvic disorders affect a substantial number of men and their prevalence is expected to increase as a result of Canada’s aging population. Pelvic floor disorders go beyond their physical consequences as they can negatively impact men’s psychological, sexual, and social quality of life. Evidence strongly suggests pelvic floor muscle training can contribute to the promotion and maintenance of pelvic floor health and to the treatment of symptoms associated to pelvic floor disorders.

The Future of Mandatory Charging for Intimate Partner Violence: Status quo or alternative direction? Phases II and III

According to the Ontario Domestic Violence Advisory Council (DVAC, 2009), legislative responses to violence against women were introduced across Canada in the 1980s. These policies included provisions for mandatory police-laid charges against perpetrators of domestic violence. The DVAC report noted numerous unintended negative consequences of these policies and recommended an impact study which was never conducted.

Fast predictive design of preforms, patterns, darts and ply book for non-structural aerospace composites

The project deals with the production of non-structural composite interior coverings for aircraft and other vehicles. Producing such interior coverings in Canada requires very good mastery of manufacturing processes in order to contain costs. Target times for preform preparation are of the order of minutes and manufacturing processes remain largely manual. Competition from emerging countries requires better knowledge applied to workmanship in preforming in Canada, and a very fast design process when to support tendering.