Hydraulic Fracturing Process: Mechanics, Monitoring and Optimization

Hydraulic Fracturing or fracking has been extensively used in the extraction of hydrocarbon fuels in unconventional reservoirs. This process bears significant economic and environmental implications. The partner, ExGeo, has been providing professional services to the petroleum companies to monitor the fracking process using microseismic signals. To improve the precision of field monitoring and optimize the fracking process, this research will first try to understand the mechanics of fracking through highly controlled and fully instrumented laboratory experiments.

Speech recognition for older, pathological voices

Some diseases and brain injuries can seriously impair language. Patterns in an individual's speech can allow computers to describe these impairment with a high degree of accuracy. These techniques can be used to test large groups of people for drug trials and potentially replace pen-and-paper based testing methods. To fully automate this process, speech recognition systems can be used to automatically transcribe speech. Unfortunately, these technologies continue to perform relatively poorly for elderly speakers, or for individuals with speech disorders.

Multi-user Training Software Development and Otoscope Tracking for Otolaryngology Education

Simulation is being used increasingly to improve medical education by providing students and trainees with greater access and opportunity to learn critical skills without affecting actual patient care. To this end, OtoSim has developed a multi-user training platform and an otoscope tracking device. The multi-user training platform allows the trainee to self-learn while being electronically connected to a central database for monitoring and advice.

Analysis of protein interaction complexes by advanced mass spectrometry workflows

The analysis of protein-protein interactions is critical for understanding cell growth control, and how aberrant connections contribute
to cancer and other diseases. Mass spectrometry is a critical tool in this field, but sample complexity, instrument dynamic range and
resolution limit some applications. This project will evaluate the use of the SelexION ion mobility device and High Resolution TOF
with Zeno pulsing for enhanced separation and detection of cross-linked peptides from protein complexes and to detect posttranslational
modifications of proteins, specifically phosphorylation.

Optimization of the immune response against transferrin receptor based vaccines

The bacterial transferrin receptor is considered to be a potentially efficacious candidate vaccine antigen against pathogens important in human disease and in animal husbandry. Previous data suggests that transferrin receptor-based antigens can elicit protection from both invasive disease and potentially from asymptomatic colonization. One major consideration when developing vaccines is the choice of adjuvant, a component able to influence the intensity, quality and breadth of the immune response.

Comparative Analysis on Various Blockchain Technologies and How Can They Transform the Financial Services for Scotiabank

Blockchain is an emerging technology that has the potential to change the way financial participants transact with each other. It enables direct transfer of value and financial assets between participants over networks without the need for a central authority (internet of value). It does this by combining the functionality of different technologies - distributed systems, smart contracts, mutual consensus verification, and cryptography. Given its potential Scotiabank is investing in technical research and business application.

Learning robotic grasping for e-commerce sortation

We are conducting research on using techniques from Artificial Intelligence (specifically Machine Learning, Reinforcement learning, and computer vision) to automate the ability of a robotic arm equipped with a hand-like gripper to pick a wide variety of items. The robot uses the visual scene, provided through cameras, in order to choose which item to pick, and needs to then plan and execute a grasp. This is an open research problem at the cutting edge of robotics and AI and we plan to use a combination of state of the art academic research as well as internally developed algorithms.

Labeling a user’s speech in real-time for always-on VoIP

TurnMeUp is an iOS app for always-on voice communications. Users leave the app running in the background and can talk to the recipient (also using the app) at any time. This app is especially useful for coworkers listening to their own music in the background without needing to enter and exit voice call sessions manually. To conserve bandwidth and ensure that users listen to music without being unnecessarily interrupted, TurnMeUp sends voice signals to the recipient only if the user is speaking.

Standard Response Documents Application

Developing a model for a system can come with a lot of uncertainty, especially in the early stages of development. Recent research has be done into removing uncertainty during early stage models. Doctalk plans to use modern research to develop a viable product for market, while contributing to the process of the research being applied to the development of the product.

Deep Collaborative Filtering using two stage information Retrieval

The company wants to develop a state of art recommendation system for the clients. A recommendation system is a piece of software that provides products’ suggestions to customers on a website. For example the products suggestions that can be seen on Amazon’s web page are generated by its recommendation engine.
The typical recommendation engines work by utilizing the existing user-product preferences information. They recommend products to a user by comparing his preferences to other similar users’ preferences. The typical example of this is Users who bought item-A also bought item-B.