Extrusion of Metal Matrix Composite material: orientation of reinforcements and transfer of properties

The aim of this project is to develop and characterize metal matrix composite materials for applications in the field of power electronics and automotive. The material under study are constituted by a copper or aluminum matrix, reinforced by carbon (fibers or platelets) and it is known that the composite properties depend on the orientation of the reinforcements. The objective of this research is to study and to evaluate the effect of a deformation (e.g extrusion) of the material on its thermal, electrical and mechanical properties.

Scaling Geocontextualization

Urban design and development is an iterative process that involves community engagement and multiple feedback cycles. Advances in internet technologies and web mapping technologies has made it possible to display design plans on websites and to collect feedback on specific locations or aspects of the provided design. Using web mapping applications to feedback from the community is formally known as facilitated volunteer geographic information (FVGI).

Flexible In-Home Caching for Video Streaming Services

NightShift optimizes customers' bandwidth usage when using streaming services. It does this by taking advantage of off-peak bandwidth availability to cache digital media content
addressing both problems of limited bandwidth (which impacts real-time streaming) and bandwidth quotas (which can result in bandwidth throttling or overage charges). The goal of
this research is to explore interfaces that allow end-user control of local storage and download while still preserving digital rights security and the platform (e.g. Netflix) experience
of viewing content. In particular, we will explore:
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Development of Graphene Modified Cathode for Next Generation Aqueous Rechargeable Lithium Batteries

Aqueous rechargeable lithium battery has received great attention recently due to the less toxicity, lower cost and higher safety compared to the non-aqueous systems. When using the commercially available lithium manganese oxide as active materials, there are demands in suppressing manganese dissolution and graphite consumption in the cathode. As a potential solution to achieve these goals, in this proposal, two dimensional graphene materials are integrated on the surface of the cathode, forming a hybrid cathode aqueous battery.

Conversational Response Generation with Linguistic Context and Emotional Context

The objective of this project is to develop methodologies for automatically generating responses in a natural language to converse with humans. Responses directly generated from the question-answer database are inflexible and cannot meet users' needs. On one hand, the responses should take into account the previous utterances that can keep a conversation more active. On the other hand, the responses should be appropriate for the emotions conveyed in a conversation that can make a conversion more user-friendly.

Development of new on-site sampling, high-throughput and high sensitive analysis for determination of small molecules in saliva

Saliva is a promising alternative specimen since it is easy and non-invasive to collect, and available at any time. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) has been recently introduced as a green, simple, fast and sensitive sample preparation technique for high-throughput and in vivo analysis of drugs in various biological fluids, including saliva.

Drinking Water Treatment Infrastructure: Responding to Climate Change and Increasingly Variable Source Water Quality - Year two

As a result of climate change and other pressures that result in “extreme events” like wildfire and flooding, many
drinking water utilities are at risk of potentially catastrophic failure and need treatment adaptation strategies to
prepare for increasingly variable and potentially rapid deterioration in source water quality. Currently there are no
recognized tools for evaluating the anticipated impacts of such events on water treatment plant operations. This
research will enable Stantec Consulting Ltd.

Adapting methods for assessing the impacts of innovation support programs for application to Canada’s clean energy innovation ecosystem

This research project is being undertaken in partnership with The Evidence Network Inc. It will extend the company’s scientifically-based method of assessing the impact of innovation support programs to the clean energy innovation sector. To keep this kind of assessment method scientifically sound requires customization for each particular industry. The established methods have been widely applied in the IT and medical fields, but not yet in the energy sector.

Credit Union Marketplace Lending Business Models

Crowdfunding platforms such as Kickstarter and IndieGoGo have developed at an exponential rate and have been used to develop a variety of artistic, commercial and social ventures. Alongside this marketplace lending has provided retail-level people the opportunity to lend money to each other using platforms such as Lending Club and Prosper. In 2014, in the United States $16.2 billion was raised through crowdfunding platforms, over $11.4 billion of which was in the form of marketplace lending (Marketwired, 2015).

Innovative Financing for Energy Access – The Role of Finance and Energy Service Companies in Promoting Energy Development

The proposed postdoctoral research focuses on addressing the challenges associated with energy access in developing countries as well as promoting energy-independent communities in Canada in a bid to promote sustainable development. The study would investigate a consortium-like financing model for small and medium scale renewable energy projects in which energy service companies are financed by a number of investors to in order to reduce the investment risks.

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