Elderly monitoring

Develop an intelligent monitoring system for occupants within a closed environment. The following short and long term objectives are designed to allow this program to achieve its overarching objective of accurate and consistent identification of the state of well-being of an individual within a closed environment.
Short term objectives:
1. Develop algorithms for integrating data from multiple vision and depth cameras and obtain a robust estimations of location and the identity of an individual within the monitored space.

Innovation through a gender lens

Why can’t the surgeon operate on the boy? 

Sarah Saska tells many people this now dated riddle and waits patiently for their answer. “Even in 2016, people hesitate because their first instinct tells them the surgeon must be the boy’s father, or perhaps the boy’s second father,” she explains. “Of course, the surgeon could be the boy’s mother, but it’s not often people’s first response, and this example illustrates how deeply gender bias is embedded in Canadian society.”

Quantitative Brain PET/MRI

Recently, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been successfully combined into a single system that can collect clinical PET/MRI data simultaneously (Siemens Biograph mMR). With PET, a wide variety of tracers have been developed that can measure energy usage and concentrations of disease-specific features in the brain.

Development of novel coating applications for the pharmaceutical industry

Coatings are an essential part in the formulation of drug tablets/beads in the pharmaceutical industry. Most film coatings are applied as aqueous or organic-based polymer solution, which cause many issues such as toxicity, high environmental impact, and high operational cost. The goal of this project is to develop a novel coating technology using dry powder. The new coating applications can overcome the disadvantages associated with the traditional use of organic or aqueous solvents.

Ultrafine Powder Coatings for Thin Film Applications

Powder coatings are more environmentally-friendly and cost-effective than liquid coatings. However, the use of coarse coating particles leads to high film thickness and inferior visual appearance, and these defects limit their use where high precision and highly aesthetic effects are required. To obtain a smooth coated surface, the use of fine powder is necessary. However, this gives rise to many problems which need to be overcome to allow proper application of the fine powder.

Aerobic landfill treatment: reduction of greenhouse gas emission, leachate treatment and downstream processing

Landfilling of waste is an operation that has huge impact on both water and air quality. Modern landfills can be designed to minimize impact on groundwater resources and reduce Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in old landfills, which typically undergo a slow, anaerobic biodegradation process that

produces methane gas. It is estimated that global methane emissions from landfills are between 30 and 70 million tonnes each year, most of which currently come from developed countries. Methane and carbon dioxide are two major greenhouse gases (GHG).

Ontology-based Middleware Services Facilitating Access to Data Sources

Many applications often need access to information from multiple independent data sources, including public sources found on the Internet and private sources e.g., hospitals. Software that sits between an application and the data sources, so called “middleware”, can help facilitate this access. However, development of this “middleware” can be very time consuming, is often only designed to support a limited set of data sources and is developed on a case-by-case basis.

Stream Erosion Control Assessment for Ontario Low Impact Development Stormwater Management

Urban development increases the runoff of precipitation to streams and rivers, degrading the environment in terms of water resources and habitat. While detention ponds can slow the water down and improve the water quality, larger volumes of water are still released to streams in most urban areas. New technologies in Low Impact Development (LID) provide innovative approaches to reduce the volume of water released from urban developments (e.g., infiltration).

Accelerate development of new technologies and applications for advanced water treatment.

Global population growth, urbanization and changing climate patterns have increased the demand for potable water, wastewater reuse and value recovery from wastewater, and treatment of industrial process water. Population growth also results in increased demand for the shipping of goods by ocean freight, with the associated risk of the transport of unwanted marine life from one location to another by the discharge of ballast water.

The relation of distance and abstraction across cultures: variations in construal level theory.

The present study explores how concretely or abstractly individuals imagine objects and events in different situations, which we call “construal levels”. Previous theory proposes that we construct our environment more abstractly the more distant it is, for example when we think of eating food this morning, it might be concrete such as “eggs and toast”, while eating last year in the morning can be “breakfast”. We want to research whether individuals from different cultures use these processes in different ways, for example when they categorize objects or when they use stereotypes.