Agricultural runoff transports nutrients such as phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) that act as environmental pollutants in fresh and coastal marine ecosystems. Both chemical fertilizers and animal manure release substantial P and N to runoff and leaching despite current conservation efforts. While recent research has shown that struvite could be a viable P supplement for inorganic fertilizers, it is unclear if and how this may impact environmental losses.
Producers and farm workers are exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) on a regular basis when operating farm machinery. The short-term effect of WBV include cognitive impairment and musculoskeletal disorders, such as low back pain. To aid in promoting worker cognitive and musculoskeletal health, rest and/or activity breaks may provide relief from these hazards and can be implemented immediately without cash investment. For these breaks to be appealing, they must be effective in reducing adverse health effects from WBV exposure, and must be feasible for field implementation.
The Community Energy Profiles and the CASES Toolkit project is part of a larger partnership involving 15 communities and 16+ private and public sector partner organizations in 4 countries. Co-led by Drs. Greg Poelzer and Bram Noble, the project includes 7 interns with interest in the areas of energy policy, impact assessment, economics, energy systems modeling, social innovation, and capacity building with Indigenous communities, industries, and governments. The benefits of the internships to our Canadian partner organizations are multiple and extend beyond the internships.
Western bean cutworm (WBC) is the most important corn pest in Ontario and lack of control can reduce grain yield and quality due to insect feeding and mycotoxin contamination. Unlike other primary corn pests, WBC are not controlled by most transgenic corn expressing Bt proteins. Monsanto has developed new insecticidal proteins to which WBC are susceptible according to preliminary research. To support long-term use of these promising management tools, this project aims to generate information necessary to develop an insect resistance management (IRM) plan.
Inflammatory diseases such as pulmonary inflammation, lung cancer, asthma, and fibrosis exert a great economic impact across the globe. They have a tremendous impact on health and quality of life. Proinflammatory cytokines are released by the immune system which can be activated by Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), an endotoxin which mimics infection by Gram-negative bacteria. The literature indicates that females are at an increased risk of developing inflammatory diseases compared to males. NATURES IMMUNO is an innovative formula developed by NHV Natural Pet Products to support the immune system.
Our proposed research is to measure soil erosion and runoff in the field and use it to calibrate water runoff models. The approach is twofold: a) Use of field data for to determine runoff rates and nutrient loading and b) use high resolution non-destructive methods to monitor water runoff after a precipitation event through unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). In this way, data will help to adjust current runoff simulation models, and predict real-life scenarios. These models will accurately portray the effect of conventional agricultural practices in soil architecture and runoff water quality.
There are major areas of uncertainty concerning the exploitation and management of the sea cucumber (C. frondosa) industry in Atlantic Canada. This research project will address these gaps and give stakeholders a better understanding of C. frondosa, in order to make the best possible decisions relative to its management and conservation. The proposed research will also seek to identify concrete ways of optimizing sea cucumber harvesting and production, by increasing the quality, consistency, and competitiveness of the products, and exploring novel commercial avenues.
This project explores how one congregate living environment in Edmonton Alberta supports their residents through the use of the material environment including designed spaces and objects created by architectural and interior designers. The web of person-environment relationships and interactions that is complicated, dynamic, messy, and riddled with shifting agency is unpacked revealing how humans depend on things, things depend on things, and things depend on humans.
This project will aim to convert a commercially available variable rate sprayer into and intelligent sprayer able to precisely spray the pests and weeds in the potato seeds only when needed. The detection of the pests and seeds will take place by cameras equipped with algorithms able to detect each target. The team members will establish communication between the cameras and the electronic components in the sprayer and modify other components to enable a real-time application.