Altering Plant Microbiomes for Flavour and Nutrition

The goal of this project is to use naturally occurring bacterial partners to improve the flavour and nutritional properties of plants grown in hydroponic and aquaponics systems. This study will investigate ability of plant associated bacteria to alter the metabolic profile of select vegetables and leafy greens. Vertical farming is an increasingly popular solution for the production of plant produce year-round at a local level. However, it involves the growth of plants in engineered systems without natural soils.

New Catalysts and Chemical Processes for the Pharmaceutical Industry

Synthetic chemistry is used to assemble the small organic molecules that comprise many of the important consumer products used by society every day. Such fine chemicals are used to assemble drugs, agrochemicals, electronics, materials, dyes, etc.. Metal catalysts are part of the arsenal that the synthetic chemist uses to make such prized small molecules and Total Synthesis Ltd. (TSL), the sponsor of this research, is a globally recognized leader in catalyst invention and sales.

Stability and Functionality of Oleosome-Containing Mixtures

The stability of commercial ingredient emulsions is hugely important to the end-user. To that end, Botaneco’s oleosome-containing emulsions are characterized by the absence of changes over time in physical parameters such as particle size, pH and colour. Botaneco’s Hydresia® and CapsolTM products, which contain safflower and almond oleosomes, exhibit proven physical stabilities of up to two years.

Chemical and biological characterization of the non-tetrahydrocannabinoid profiles of medicinal plants

We propose to perform detailed studies that characterize chemically and biologically and the unaltered ancestral plant species of the Cannabis genus. Chemically, these studies will provide the chemotype profiles for each parental species for a spectrum of non-tetrahydrocannabinoid compounds. Biologically, these studies will provide the pharmacological profiles for each parental species.

Bipolar Membranes for Electrochemical Technologies

The electrochemical splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen gas is a technology of growing importance in the clean energy sector. Emerging technologies are employing membranes to provide physical separation of the cathode and anode compartments, thereby separating the product gases, while allowing ions to flow between the compartments to maintain the electrochemical reactions taking place.

Molecular Characteristics of Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives - Year two

Cellulose is a commercially important biopolymer. Due to its abundance, biocompatibility and renewability it has shown important commercial applications in food, pharmaceuticals, biomedical. Depending on the origin and the processing methods used, the resulting fiber dimensions, structure, crystallinity and molecular weight (MW) can vary over a broad range. MW is one of the most important parameters in polymer characterization as many of its properties depend on it. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) has been the technique of choice for determining these properties.

Applying Low-Field, Bench-Top NMR Technology for the Rapid, On-Site Analysis of Critical Metrics in Wine Grapes and Wine

Vineyards, as with many other agriculture-based industries, often deal with time-sensitive decisions regarding how to manage their grapes to ensure the production of high-quality crops. Similarly, wineries need information quickly during fermentation to help guide winemaker interventions. Existing methods of obtaining the information needed by grape growers and winemakers is often time-intensive to collect.

Mathematical modelling of Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (RSOFCs) for the conversion of CO2 and H2O to syngas

SeeO2 energy and the Birss group (UCalgary) have developed world-leading catalysts for RSOFC systems with promising performance for the production of syngas and power from H2O/CO2 feeds. Today, the company is aiming to scale-up this technology and move towards commercialization by building larger cells, up to 5 x 5 cm2 (16 cm2 electrode area). However, the process of scaling-up RSOFCs presents many challenges in understanding the effects of fabrication and operation parameters on the cell performance at larger scale.

Molecular measures of yeast exhaustion in commercial brewing

Beer production is only as good as the yeast that make it. When yeast are first pitched for brewing, they produce the desired fermentation product—beer. But, after numerous cycles of fermentation, the yeast become exhausted and produce beer with unwanted flavors and alcohol content. As such, the beer is no longer fit for consumption. Over time, the stress of fermentation causes unwanted effects on the yeast’s genes, which ultimately compromises their beer-producing abilities. This project focuses on finding identifiers of exhausted yeast prior to their production of bad beer.

An online gauge for process analysis in the pulp industry: Integrating spectroscopic and physical measures of pulp quality to predict fitness for purpose

To sustain its leadership in the world marketplace, the Canadian pulp industry must continue to increase pulp quality, while it improves manufacturing efficiency, reduces energy consumption and decreases impact on the environment. Properties of a manufactured pulp vary with production parameters and characteristics of the feedstock. To produce pulps of the highest quality at lowest cost, a manufacturing process must continually optimize its conditions to fit the feedstock.

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