An early-stage design analysis methodology will be investigated for evaluating preliminary building envelope design alternatives using advanced computation and analysis tools. Design alternatives will be generated based on different envelope materials, structure, insulation types and window-to-wall ratios and evaluated based on selected metrics including energy use, daylighting, life cycle analysis and life cycle costing. A master-planning project in Mississauga, Ontario, will be used as a test-bed for the methodologies explored in this research.
This project aims to develop an itinerary demand forecasting model that can handle long-term and short-term forecasting and adjust its parameters under changing situations. General long-term prediction models are relatively precise because the context often remains stationary over time, but can not quickly adapt to unforeseen events, like the global pandemics. It is necessary to develop an adaptive model with multi-horizon perspectives. The model will integrate external data sources to output a plausible range of future booking status.
The project seeks to discover the optimum design and commercialization strategy for newly developed sandwich structures derived from recycled plastic for the civil engineering sector. The sandwich structures are highly sustainable and could potentially consume large amounts of the rapidly produced plastic waste. The final sandwich product would have the potential to be used in various applications such as roof panels and exterior/interior walls of buildings.
Ultraviolet-C (UV) light is able to damage cells and organic matter to make water, air, and high touch surfaces safe for the public. UV-C lamps render microorganisms harmless by damaging their cell structure and DNA. UV-C based water treatment has safely been used for decades by water utilities around the world. Recent developments in technology and research have allowed for an even wide application to clean surfaces, air, and water using UV light.
This project aims at developing an innovative technology through the utilization of fish waste as substrates for biosurfactant production. Through the proposed approach, fish waste will be recovered into fishery peptone and being used as a nutrient substrate for the synthesis of biosurfactant products with promising market values. The outcomes of this project will directly provide the fishery industry a new model of fish waste reuse and management by "turning waste into valuable products". It will also help reduce waste discharge and protect the environment.
The COVID-19 pandemic led to an increased demand for disinfection solutions, including ultraviolet C (UVC) light technologies. UVC works by inactivating microorganisms and show a strong potential to break the chain of infection in hospitals and public settings. CleanSlate and the University of Toronto are exploring this potential by characterizing how the virus that causes COVID-19 responds to UVC, and by evaluating the efficacy of new UVC devices for decontamination of high touch and other common surfaces.
Drinking water utilities must maintain water quality in the face of unexpected shocks to the system as well as planned upgrades with unintended consequences. Failure to do so can result in significant threats to public health: the city of Flint, Michigan, for instance, experienced a water quality crisis after making changes to source water chemistry and treatment processes without fully considering the consequences. It is vital, then, that water quality managers synthesize research, practical knowledge, and monitoring data to anticipate and address risks to water quality.
Although COVID-19 is considered a respiratory illness, the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has been found in the feces of people infected with the virus. It is known that the virus survives longer in the gastrointestinal tract than in the respiratory tract. As such, wastewater has been used to determine the presence of the virus either before someone develops symptoms; receives a positive test result; or is an asymptomatic carrier of the virus.
Viscoelastic Coupling Dampers (VCDs) have been developed over the past 15 years at the University of Toronto and by Kinetica for use in multi-storey buildings constructed with conventional construction techniques (steel and concrete). It has been shown the VCDs improve the wind and seismic performance of these buildings, leading to safer, higher performing and more resilient structures.
There has been a boom of mass timber construction due to the inherent sustainability, modularity and speed of construction using mass timber.
Recreational river waves are gaining more and more popularity, but there is not enough academic research to support them and very few companies around the world can artificially create them using adjustable structures in rivers. Surf Anywhere, the Calgary-based partner organization in this research, is one of those few companies that has completed and is working on many wave projects in Canada, USA and Europe.