This project seeks to understand the fundamental issues affecting people’s sleep and injury prevention during that time. This process first begins by identifying the sleeping patterns of individuals including their sleep positions, durations of sleep, vital signs during sleep and overall experience. To do this, we will be developing a pressure sensitive mat capable of monitoring the body position of an individual and determining where pressure points and hotspots develop.
Lower extremity wounds are painful wounds in the legs and feet that can result from immobility (e.g. secondary to Multiple Sclerosis, spinal cord injury), peripheral vascular disease and/or diabetes. They are slow to heal and cause immense pain and suffering. These wounds can cause infections, may lead to amputations, and in more severe cases, death. These wounds impact an individual’s ability to engage in their daily activities and impact the individual’s quality of life. Many people living with diabetes are unable to feel changes in their feet.
This research project aims to use a combination of historical data and physics principles to determine a ratio of batteries to gasoline to power a vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. The physics method that will be used is called momentum theory. Momentum theory is a simplistic model of helicopter flight that determines how much power a rotor will need to hover. MATLAB specifically will be used as a means of running calculations so that flight parameters, such as maximum takeoff weight, can be changed and new values found.
City landfills release odourous gases from their daily operations which can impact the quality of life for near-by residences. The proposed research will determine how much odourous gas a typical landfill emits from its daily operations and whether odour absorbing materials or changes in in the types of wastes added to a landfill can be effective methods for reducing odour emission.
This research presents a new experimentally tuned reduced-order modeling methodology employing a hybrid stick model representation. Digital image correlation (DIC) is used to synthesize mode shapes within a frequency range of interest during Ground Vibration Testing (GVT). Experimental mode shapesare augmented into the Guyan Reduced Order Model (ROM) to develop a corresponding Craig-Bampton ROM.
Rebar cages are transported to the construction site, and then concrete is cast around them. Until the concrete is cast, these cages form a structure in their own right that must be safe against collapse due to its own weight, as well as environmental and structural loads (e.g., wind). The objective of the research is to better understand at a fundamental level the structural behaviour of rebar cages and ultimately develop predictive models for the stresses and deflections of a given cage.
In major metropolitan areas, multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs) are becoming the main housing form. Newer MURBs also come with large exterior windows and doors, resulting in discomfort such as overheating and higher energy expenditure. An effective solution is to leverage the use of window shadings by automating their controls, but more commonly, they are operated entirely manually according to users’ commands.
Over the past decade, there has been a global increase in environmental awareness leading to an overwhelming need for lightweight polymer-based materials that possess demanding mechanical, physical, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity characteristics that meet the standards of novel automotive applications.
To address the global concerns regarding climate changes and increase of earth temperature, carbon dioxide emission has to be removed/reduced. A major source of Co2 emission is transportation vehicles, which account for close to 30% of Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions. An active method to reduce this significant contribution to global warming is electrification of transportation vehicles. Battery operated vehicles are the cornerstone of automotive electrification. To improve the efficiency and safety of these batteries, structural durability of them must be maintained.