Failure analysis on X-750 CANDU spacer material using bulk mechanical test and ion-irradiation

The current project will focus on understanding the behavior of one of the most important CANDU reactor components when it is subjected to the reactor environment. This study will develop a fundamental understanding of the X-750 material’s behavior resulting in innovative technologies that benefit the nuclear industry in Canada.

Identification of a constitutive material model for an aircraft engine abradable rub strip material

This research project between the University of Windsor and Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC) is focused on a porous composite material used by aircraft engine manufacturers in the design of fancases of turbofan engines. The objective of the project is two-fold and includes 1) experimentally investigating the behavior of the composite material at different loading conditions; and 2) identifying a model that can be used to represent this material in fan blade-off simulations.

Exterior finish coatings for building façade applications combined with phase change materials and thermochromic paint

The durability of building materials is an important criterion to ensure long-term performance of buildings exposed to various environmental loads. Particularly, exterior building surfaces are exposed to high solar radiation and temperature differences during the year which can considerably influence their durability due to thermal stresses. Additionally, in light of the increasing need for energy saving in buildings, reducing this thermal stress and temperature fluctuations on exterior surfaces of buildings could help with indoor room temperature regulation in buildings.

Evaluation of the performance of transcritical CO2 heat pump cycle in conjunction with wastewater energy transfer (WET) system for combined space heating, cooling, and water heating

Wastewater is an abundant and an underutilized thermal energy source that experiences relatively constant temperature year-round with predicted flow rates. These features serve as a heat source/sink for heat pump-based HVAC systems to provide combined heating, cooling and domestic hot water to large-scale commercial, residential, and institutional buildings. There is a substantial potential in extracting enough thermal energy from sewer with relatively low carbon footprint.

A methodological approach to the use of data-supported environmental factors in support of the introduction of autonomous air vehicles in a shared airspace

The evolution of aerospace technologies and automated systems has been accompanied by the phenomenon of “de-crewing”. A large body of current research focuses on how to move to single-pilot operations (SPO), but a major barrier to the implementation of SPO and other autonomous commercial aircraft operations is that advances in human-machine interactions and human factors have not kept pace with technological change. The objective of the research project that is the subject of this proposal is to develop a methodology to simulate autonomous flight in a real-time, virtual environment.

Development of Low Smoke Zero Halogen Smart Polymer Compounds/Nanocomposites for Wire and Cable Covering Material

Currently halogen-based flame retardant is widely used as cable covering material in various industries including oil and gas. Studies have concluded that these materials will produce toxic gases and acidic fumes, and also persistent against degradation in landfill. These negative consequences resulted in a global ban on halogen-based flame retardant. This project is a direct response to the global ban by developing new low smoke zero halogen (LSZH) flame retardant without the aforementioned problems.

Development of an IoT-enabled Controlled-environment Indoor Plant Growth Prototype

The proposed project will establish an echo-system consisting of various environmental sensors and actuators and how they can be integrated to build a prototype indoor garden for demonstration purposes. Through utilizing IoT-enabled sensory data from image and environmental sensors, one can obtain relevant information about plant growth in real-time or use the data for a posteriori analysis. The large number of generated data will be used to create mathematical signatures that can be used for a variety of applications such as detecting anomalies in the growth process.

Development of a stable and printable carbon nanotube based bioink for E.coli detection

Early detection of pathogen biomarkers such as E. coli is important for management of water bodies and agricultural farms. This information is invaluable to municipalities, provincial governments and private enterprises. Such information could have probably prevented the worst-ever outbreak of E. coli contamination in Bruce County, Ont. in 2010 where 2,300 people fell ill and seven died (Source: CBC News, Canada). At present, live detection of biological contaminants in water supply has no solution. The project will focus on developing printable sensors that can sense the bacteria rapidly.

An Optimal Hybridized Design Methodology for a Solid-State Fermenter: Safe Pesticide Alternatives Using Microbes

Crop Defenders, our industrial partner grows a high-value type of fungi that can kill crop pests without harming or poisoning the crops. This type of fungus is currently being grown in a manual and labor-intensive process. The aim is to automate this manual process to drastically increase the company’s productivity. By doing so, Crop Defenders expects to lower their cost per acre 10-fold and be able to sell to field-farmers as well as greenhouses.

Fabry-Perot Pressure Sensors for High Temperature Applications

The use of advanced manufacturing methods and analysis tools and bringing them to the plant floor is crucial for modern manufacturing. A gap that has become apparent is that often engineering capabilities are not available within many facilities – and this requires robust design and new thinking to ensure manufacturers ensure quality product. The pressure transducer is a device thathas not changed much over the past twenty year. This work will provide guidance through an improved pressure sensor for high-temperature applications by introducing optical approaches.