Communities throughout Canada’s North are turning to small-scale agriculture in hopes of solving food security issues, fostering economic growth and adapting to climate change. The City of Yellowknife has developed an Agriculture Strategy to build a resilient local food system.
The purpose of this research is to use an evidence-based approach to further the Toronto Zoo’s social science and education programs, in order to support in situ conservation and biodiversity in relation to Canadian goals and the Aichi Targets. Using a collaborative approach this research will result in the co-production of knowledge, where the researcher and the partner organization collaborate in all four stages of the research project. This project is mutually beneficial for the researcher and the partner organization.
Approximately 2.6 million people in Vancouver and the Lower Mainland depend on the Seymour, Capilano and Coquitlam watersheds for clean, fresh drinking water. A key component of maintaining watershed health and resilience is understanding the relationships between climate, fire and vegetation within the Water Supply Area. As the climate warms these relationships will likely change, presenting a challenge for watershed managers.
Treatment wetlands have emerged as a potential treatment option for oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) produced from bitumen extraction by the oil sands industry. Of particular interest is the removal of naphthenic acids (NAs), which are widely acknowledged as the primary constituents of toxicity in OSPW. Studies have demonstrated the capacity for NA removal in wetland environments; however, the specific mechanisms of removal for NAs in wetlands is not well understood.
Despite the importance of diverse voices in community decision-making, we still do not fully understand how to support sound decision making in a way that is equitable and works to advance agendas of historically marginalized groups.
The proposed research project will develop quantitative gas migration testing techniques and regulatory thresholds that address the complex nature of the multiple interacting variables that can confuse gas migration investigations. The study will focus on the development of in-situ field measurement technologies and instrumentation to characterize the variables that impact soil gas and isotope signatures for different environmental conditions.
Nunavut’s Inuit organizers have identified conservation, including the establishment of parks and protected areas, as an important pillar of culturally appropriate and sustainable economic development in Northern Canada. This project responds to this goals of establishing a ‘conservation economy’ in Nunavut by examining the economic costs and benefits associated with Marine Protected Areas in Nunavut. Through document analysis, it will identify ways for Inuit communities to capture larger shares of the wealth generated by Marine Protected Areas.
Rural communities and regions throughout Canada struggle with economic restructuring. Influences of globalization and technological advancement contribute to the continually shifting economic reality confronting rural communities. This research focuses on understanding the economic implications of changes in federal policies related to cannabis legalization to rural regions, specifically the Kootenay Region of British Columbia.
This study aims to improve process efficiencies while supporting the development of products that best respond to market trends in the context of a post COVID-19 globalized market. From a process engineering perspective, the proposed activities seek to improve mill competitiveness through waste management to both reduce load on water treatment systems and obtain value added products from wastewaters, and investigate recovery of lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose recovery from mill residues for further product development in biomaterials.
Climate change is rearranging the distribution of ocean life and threatening the viability of world-wild fisheries that people depend on for food, income and well-being. While ample evidence shows the impacts of climate change on fisheries, British Columbia (BC) and Canada are lagging behind in developing the science and solutions needed to help west coast fisheries be more responsive and resilient.