Statistical methods for data generated by biotechnologies

Rapid advancements in biotechnologies made possible novel studies to tackle chronic diseases such as breast cancer, or provide new insights into the role played by gut bacteria in a variety of chronic conditions. Data generated by biotechnologies comes with many analytical challenges: high number of candidate biomarkers measured compared to the number of patients, correlations across biomarkers leading to computational challenges. Computationally efficient and powerful quantitative methods addressing the complexity of new data are needed.

The role of Agricultural Societies in the Changing Trajectory of Agri-food System Transformation

My research will take place in the City of Beaumont, focusing on the Beaumont and District Agricultural Society (BADAS) and its potential role as a collaborative partner with the City of Beaumont and food system actors in the community of Beaumont. My research aims to address a gap in the literature concerning the roles agricultural societies are or could potentially be taking in response to the changing needs of agriculture in relations to building resilient and place-based agri-food systems, such as through the development of urban agriculture.

Homelessness Prevention in Youth and Families Across Six Canadian Cities

Each year in Canada, approximately 40,000 people under the age of 24 will experience homelessness. Youth experiencing homelessness are highly vulnerable to crime, violence and sexual assault. Once homeless, youth are at high risk for multiple episodes of homelessness or chronic homelessness into adulthood. Interventions must be youth-centered, low-barrier, strengths-based, and prioritize diversion and/or family and natural supports to prevent long-term homelessness and its deleterious effects. One approach to prevention is through shelter diversion.

We Are Here: Healthcare Experiences of LGBTQ* Individuals Assigned Female at Birth with Chronic Health Conditions

Members of the LGBTQ+ community assigned female at birth are at a disproportionate risk of developing CHC, such as mental health disorders, addiction, obesity, heart conditions, and asthma (Dearing & Hequemboug, 2014; Eliason, 2014). The proposed mixed methods study will explore the experiences of members of the 2SLGBTQQIA community assigned female at birth with chronic health conditions in Canadian healthcare systems.

Using administrative data to predict health outcomes: a machine learning approach

Adverse events due to benzodiazepine use and falls are important clinical outcomes in older adults. As well, high-cost users of the health care system, although small in number, are a substantial burden with regards to health costs. Continued use of BZRAs in older adults is concerning from a public health standpoint; 1 in 3 older adults experience a fall in the community; 5% of health care users consume about 60% of hospital and home care spending. Being able to identify these individuals would add to the current efforts to reduce health care burden.

Understanding pediatric COVID-19 immunization rates and its impact on transmission

The COVID-19 vaccination is now widely available for children aged 5 and older, and has been shown to be both safe and effective at preventing serious health outcomes from COVID-19. However, most children in the United States are not vaccinated. In order for public health to identify sub-groups to target immunization campaigns and other efforts towards, they need to know who to target. To this end, we seek to determine what community-level characteristics predict underimmunization in children.

Oxygen saturation targets in hospitalized children with bronchiolitis: A multi-centre cohort study

Bronchiolitis is one of the most common causes of infant hospitalization and the costs associated with it are large. Since active treatments are mostly ineffective for bronchiolitis, supportive management (including oxygen saturation monitoring) is the main focus of inpatient management. However, ideal oxygen saturation targets for
infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis have not been established. This research study will aim to compare two oxygen target saturations of 90% while awake and asleep vs. 90% while awake and 88% while asleep.

North Park Neighbourhood Needs Assessment

The North Park Neighbourhood Association in partnership with the University of Victoria will undertake the planning process for a future community needs assessment to gather information on the health, wellness, and social inclusion of those who live, work, and spend time in North Park. The planning process will be done in partnership with the NPNA to develop key informant interview guides, and community townhall facilitation guides.

Canadian School Food Program Survey and Research Briefs

Internationally, school food programs (SFPs) are one of the most successful drivers of improved health, education, and economic growth. Yet, Canada is among the minority of countries without a nationally harmonized SFP. This project involves the creation of research briefing notes on key areas of impact of SFPs to support the Coalition for Healthy School Food’s (part of Food Secure Canada) engagement with the federal government.

Identifying the effects of COVID-19 on the mental health of the visible minority essential workers and their coping strategies

Canada has made an extensive effort to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite all effort, however, some populations were hit harder by the COVID-19. Visible minorities, who often include immigrants and refugees have been disproportionately exposed to and affected by the COVID-19. Especially, the visible minority essential workers who are crucial for the country’s infrastructure including healthcare, law enforcement sector, retail food, transportation, and others were affected the most. They have been reported being more anxious, depressed, and sadder than their non-minority counterparts.