Use of bacteriophage-derived lysins in combating multi-drug resistant pathogens that cause bovine respiratory disease

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most important disease of feedlot cattle, which remains the leading cause of disease-induced economic loss in the Canadian cattle industries. BRD is induced by bacterial pathogens including the Gram-negative (G-) bacteria Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Histophilus somni. Even with current prevention and control measures targeting associated pathogens, the clinical impact of BRD continues and the resulted morbidity and mortality are still high.

The use of IoT and big data by public and global health agencies to quantify the outcomes and adverse health impacts of air pollution

Air pollution is a global public health concern. It is responsible for a cascade of adverse health outcomes. However, quantifying the outcomes and impacts of air pollution is difficult. The advancement of IoT and big data technologies can now allow public health officials and researchers to monitor air pollution levels and take appropriate and rapid actions to mitigate the harms. We propose the development of an agnostic ecosystem that collects big data and from various sensors, analyzes and provides alerts and recommendations to public health officials.

Measuring cancer prevention potential in Atlantic Canada: informing local actions on lifestyle, equity and risk

One in 2 Canadians is expected to develop cancer during their lifetime and about 1 in 4 will die from it. Cancer impacts all Canadians and particularly those in Atlantic Canada where the chance of being diagnosed or dying from cancer is amongst the highest in the country. Nova Scotia Health and stakeholders strive to understand cancer risk for reducing the cancer susceptibility in future generations.

NEZU Study—An Indigenous Designed Sensory Intervention for Stress & Anxiety

Aurora Heat, Inc. is a seasonal social enterprise that earns the bulk of its revenue during the Fall and Winter months. In order to curb seasonal influxes of cash flow, the organization has prototyped and informally tested a new to market sensory intervention product called the NEZU™. The NEZU™ is an Indigenous-designed sensory intervention made from sheared beaver fur that soothes symptoms of stress and anxiety. Wholly innovative, the design solves a market gap as natural and biodegradable sensory interventions rooted in traditional knowledge and materials currently do not exist.

Moving Towards Equitable Sexual Health Care in British Columbia: Centring the Voices of Youth in Policy and Practice

Equitable sexual healthcare services, such as contraception care, particularly for youth (aged 15-29), is a growing issue throughout Canada as the rates of sexual transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies are increasing. Youth contraception use is lower in rural communities in comparison to urban centres. However, there is minimal research that understands how youth in rural communities access sexual care services and their reproductive healthcare needs.

Statistical methods for data generated by biotechnologies

Rapid advancements in biotechnologies made possible novel studies to tackle chronic diseases such as breast cancer, or provide new insights into the role played by gut bacteria in a variety of chronic conditions. Data generated by biotechnologies comes with many analytical challenges: high number of candidate biomarkers measured compared to the number of patients, correlations across biomarkers leading to computational challenges. Computationally efficient and powerful quantitative methods addressing the complexity of new data are needed.

The role of Agricultural Societies in the Changing Trajectory of Agri-food System Transformation

My research will take place in the City of Beaumont, focusing on the Beaumont and District Agricultural Society (BADAS) and its potential role as a collaborative partner with the City of Beaumont and food system actors in the community of Beaumont. My research aims to address a gap in the literature concerning the roles agricultural societies are or could potentially be taking in response to the changing needs of agriculture in relations to building resilient and place-based agri-food systems, such as through the development of urban agriculture.

Homelessness Prevention in Youth and Families Across Six Canadian Cities

Each year in Canada, approximately 40,000 people under the age of 24 will experience homelessness. Youth experiencing homelessness are highly vulnerable to crime, violence and sexual assault. Once homeless, youth are at high risk for multiple episodes of homelessness or chronic homelessness into adulthood. Interventions must be youth-centered, low-barrier, strengths-based, and prioritize diversion and/or family and natural supports to prevent long-term homelessness and its deleterious effects. One approach to prevention is through shelter diversion.

We Are Here: Healthcare Experiences of LGBTQ* Individuals Assigned Female at Birth with Chronic Health Conditions

Members of the LGBTQ+ community assigned female at birth are at a disproportionate risk of developing CHC, such as mental health disorders, addiction, obesity, heart conditions, and asthma (Dearing & Hequemboug, 2014; Eliason, 2014). The proposed mixed methods study will explore the experiences of members of the 2SLGBTQQIA community assigned female at birth with chronic health conditions in Canadian healthcare systems.

Using administrative data to predict health outcomes: a machine learning approach

Adverse events due to benzodiazepine use and falls are important clinical outcomes in older adults. As well, high-cost users of the health care system, although small in number, are a substantial burden with regards to health costs. Continued use of BZRAs in older adults is concerning from a public health standpoint; 1 in 3 older adults experience a fall in the community; 5% of health care users consume about 60% of hospital and home care spending. Being able to identify these individuals would add to the current efforts to reduce health care burden.