Development of Resources for a National COVID-19 Information Website for Families of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

This research project will both contribute to, and examine the impacts of, the Autism & Intellectual-Developmental Disabilities National Resource and Exchange Network (AIDE) COVID-19 website for children with neuro-developmental disability (NDD) and their families, including evaluation for continual quality improvement and determining impact. Directed by the Pacific Autism Family Network, AIDE is a wide-reaching initiative that is nationally and regionally focused in offering information and support to individuals with NDD and their families.

New designs for Bayesian adaptive cluster randomized trials for an individualized clinical support tool with capacity to support distance follow up and treatment of depression

Depression is a common and often devastating illness that contributes to suffering for patients and families and is also the number one cause of disability globally. Many patients do not respond to their
first trial of treatment, and managing depression according to best practices can be difficult for clinicians. Using the power of machine learning, a new tool has been developed that is intended to help match
patients to treatments using a simple questionnaire and to assist clinicians in improving the quality of depression treatment.

Leveraging Community Support Services to Support Integrated Health and Social System Response to COVID-19

Social distancing due to COVID-19 has meant that older adults have not been as able to see their doctors. Older adults have chronic conditions, such as diabetes, that can flare up and cause emergencies. So, finding older adults who are unwell is very important. Community support services, such as those providing meals-on-wheels, are available to find older adults who need help. Researchers designed a self-report tool to use over the phone to see if a person needs to see a health-care worker or go to the hospital.

Investigating inclusive blood donation policy options for sexual and gender minorities

This project will investigate possible alternative blood donation screening criteria that could lead to sexual and gender minorities who are sexually active being allowed to donate blood without a mandatory waiting period since their last sexual encounter. Currently in Canada, any cisgender man who has sex with another man must wait three months since that sex before they are eligible to donate blood; this also applies to trans women who have not had lower gender affirming surgery.

Optimizing the COVID-19 response capacity at the Canadian Red Cross (CRC) through technical and evidence-based support to CRC’s Global Health Unit

The Canadian Red Cross (CRC) has been at the forefront of providing support to the COVID-19 response in Canada. The Global Health Unit (GHU) at CRC is providing health-related technical and operational support to CRC in its efforts to combat the impact of COVID-19 in Canada. To optimize the CRC operations, the GHU is striving to provide quality evidence-based technical and operational guidance to the CRC program implementers who are working in the field to operationalize the public health measures put in place by the Government of Canada.

Exploring barriers and facilitators in achieving positive sexual health among trans-femme youth

The overall purpose of this study is to explore sexual health needs of trans-femme youth using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) appraoch. Trans-femme is a term used to indicate anyone who was assigned male at birth and now identifies with femininity. The lack of understanding about the sexual health needs of trans-femme and low levels of relevant sexual health education have put an increased risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections/Sexually Transmitted Disease (STI/STDs) and HUman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infenction among trnas-femmes.

Evaluating the impact of culturally-sensitized brokerage or coaching on refugee newcomers’ nutritional acculturation in a pilot program

Refugee newcomers tend to experience “food” culture shock and are at greater risk of food insecurity due to inadequate social programs. Hybrid social programs may help boost refugee newcomer confidence through knowledge exchange during intercultural culinary experiences. Therefore, this project aims to: First, promote effective cultural brokerage between community sponsor groups and refugee newcomers; Second, empower newcomers to participate in multicultural and intercultural activities during their nutritional transitions into a Canadian “foodscape” in a pilot program.

Ovarian Cancer Research Program

Ovarian cancer has a high mortality rate and cannot be detected by screening. Strategies to decrease the burden of OC in Canada will need to improve the delivery of effective prevention, particularly risk-reducing surgery. This initiative is designed to execute three projects that focus on possible strategies to improve the effective delivery of evidence-based OC prevention for women in NL.

Data use for HIV Prevention in Malawi

HIV prevention is a growing, and essential facet, of halting the HIV epidemic. Reducing the transmission of HIV and ensuring individuals are tested and put on antiretroviral therapy (ART) cannot effectively and efficiently be accomplished without decisions that are founded on high-quality evidence. Current projects focus on data availability and use among decision-makers and actors in the health sector, in an effort to understand barriers to data use and encourage decision-making that is founded on high quality evidence.

Evidence-informed Planning and Evaluation of Community Transitions: Impact on Health and Quality of Life (Phase II)

Many of St.Amant’s services are shifting to provide the most inclusive, supportive, community-based services with the intention of enhancing health, accessing to healthcare, and improving the quality of life of persons supported and that of their families and caregivers. As part of its vision statement, St.Amant is supporting a number of persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities throughout their move from St.Amant Health and Transition Services to a variety of community-based residences.