Evaluating the impact of culturally-sensitized brokerage or coaching on refugee newcomers’ nutritional acculturation in a pilot program

Refugee newcomers tend to experience “food” culture shock and are at greater risk of food insecurity due to inadequate social programs. Hybrid social programs may help boost refugee newcomer confidence through knowledge exchange during intercultural culinary experiences. Therefore, this project aims to: First, promote effective cultural brokerage between community sponsor groups and refugee newcomers; Second, empower newcomers to participate in multicultural and intercultural activities during their nutritional transitions into a Canadian “foodscape” in a pilot program.

Ovarian Cancer Research Program

Ovarian cancer has a high mortality rate and cannot be detected by screening. Strategies to decrease the burden of OC in Canada will need to improve the delivery of effective prevention, particularly risk-reducing surgery. This initiative is designed to execute three projects that focus on possible strategies to improve the effective delivery of evidence-based OC prevention for women in NL.

Data use for HIV Prevention in Malawi

HIV prevention is a growing, and essential facet, of halting the HIV epidemic. Reducing the transmission of HIV and ensuring individuals are tested and put on antiretroviral therapy (ART) cannot effectively and efficiently be accomplished without decisions that are founded on high-quality evidence. Current projects focus on data availability and use among decision-makers and actors in the health sector, in an effort to understand barriers to data use and encourage decision-making that is founded on high quality evidence.

Evidence-informed Planning and Evaluation of Community Transitions: Impact on Health and Quality of Life (Phase II)

Many of St.Amant’s services are shifting to provide the most inclusive, supportive, community-based services with the intention of enhancing health, accessing to healthcare, and improving the quality of life of persons supported and that of their families and caregivers. As part of its vision statement, St.Amant is supporting a number of persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities throughout their move from St.Amant Health and Transition Services to a variety of community-based residences.

Comprehensive Study on Dielectric Properties of Rat Brain Tissue Following an Ischemic Stroke at 0.5-10 GHz.

Stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain, is blocked by a clot (ischemic stroke) or bleed due to a vessel rupture (hemorrhagic stroke). The dielectric properties of healthy brain tissue are different from the one that is affected by stroke. In this study, these properties are measured in rat’s brain by an electromagnetic probe at frequency range 0.5-10 GHz. Subsequently, the changes are related to the type and level of brain injuries.

Understanding the impact of changes to blood donation deferral screening and criteria for men who have sex with men

Available evidence suggests that up to 71% of individuals will require blood or blood products at some point in their lives. To meet this demand, Canadian Blood Services estimates that approximately 100,000 new donors are required annually. However, current blood donation guidelines in Canada require a 3-month deferral period for men who have sex with men (MSM) due to the elevated incidence of HIV in this population, guidelines many see as discriminatory. Given the the improvement in HIV testing technology in recent years, re-evaluation of these guidelines would optimize donor eligibility.

Harm reduction-based programming and services for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in a novel clinical care setting: the opportunities and challenges for clinicians, clients, donors and fundraisers

Substance use significantly impacts the health and health care of many people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), especially those dealing with additional medical, psychosocial, and economic complications. The need for comprehensive care for this population is particularly important given the current opioid overdose crisis in Canada. In response, harm reduction (HR) services (e.g., supervised injection, naloxone training, etc.) have been implemented to reduce drug-related deaths and harms. However, such services are typically not provided within hospitals/outpatient programs.

Resistant Starch Prebiotic Effects in Chronic Kidney Disease (ReSPECKD) study

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with a reduced quality of life and an increased risk of kidney failure, cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality. The goal of this project is to investigate whether the consumption of resistant potato starch (RPS) in addition to current standard care for CKD will reduce uremic toxins and symptoms by altering gut microbiota in patients with CKD. Strategies to reduce the production of these toxins by the gut microbiome in patients with CKD are highly desirable because they may lead to reduced symptoms and delay the onset of dialysis.

Evidence based delivery of effective packages of health services in humanitarian, fragile and conflict affected settings

Maternal, and childhood mortality and morbidity rates continue to rise in conflict affected areas. The Canadian Red Cross (CRC) is collaborating with the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) to implement Advanced Health Partnership (AHP) framework to provide health care to populations directly in war zones and conflict settings, without access to healthcare as a result of conflict.

Machine Learning to Predict Temporomandibular Disorders Risk from Genotypes

The goal of this project is to develop new machine learning methods and computational strategies to mega-analyze data from well-characterized datasets on chronic pain conditions to develop a genetic predictive tool. This tool will be implemented in an online interactive dashboard and used by the Quebec Pain Research Network (QPRN) community.

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