This proposed research project will aim to understand current attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours related to tobacco smoking and drug use. Based on these findings, an existing intervention for tobacco dependence management and point of care, known as PROMPT will be modified for a non-mainstream youth population. The youth sample undergoing the intervention will be followed for 6 months, and these results will be assessed for reduction and/or quitting of tobacco smoking and drug use behaviours.
This research intends to work towards establishing essential baselines of health status and trends in the Northern Mountain Population (NMP) of woodland caribou in the Skeena region of northwestern British Columbia. We will use scientific data from a guide and outfitter-led sampling program in combination with local ecological knowledge from practicing guides and outfitters in these regions towards a comprehensive understanding of the health and status of these culturally, ecologically, and economically valuable animals.
In line with Canadas Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the intergenerational impacts of colonialism influence the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples. In response, culturally relevant programs, which focus on building the strengths of a community have been shown to be effective and sustainable. Indeed, a peer-led, resilience-based afterschool program, the Aboriginal Youth Mentorship Program (AYMP), is effective for preventing obesity and type 2 diabetes in Indigenous children. Based on AYMPs early success, the project has been expanded across Canada.
Global levels of childhood physical activity are declining while sedentary behaviours are rising, leading to the global increase in non-communicable disease. The aim of this project is two-fold: 1. to contribute to childhood physical activity promotion in Canada and worldwide, and 2. to contribute to the international diffusion of the scientific knowledge concerning childhood physical activity.
Children and youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are more likely to experience diminished wellness across multiple aspects of their lives and decreased quality of health compared to their peers without disabilities. Yet, little is known about how wellness is promoted or addressed for this group. Most research to date has focused exclusively on one aspect of wellness dimension (e.g. physical activity), with limited success in promoting overall wellness.
The Ubiquitous Health Technology Lab (UbiLab) will explore the development of a data integration framework and recommendation for associated standards that aims at combining data from (1) smart home systems, (2) AAL or IoT for health technology, (3) mHealth, and (4) wearables. Important areas of data management will be explored, as for example security and encryption (blockchain) and privacy and data access agreements.
Concussions are extremely common in deployment and in military and civilian activities (i.e. sports). Persisting symptoms that make up post-concussive syndrome (PCS) including headaches, balance difficulties, depression and anxiety can occur in 10-15% of cases. The diagnosis of concussion and PCS is currently based on a patients report of their symptoms and a physical exam. Research, including our own, has explored the value of specific tests including those that use eye movements, neuropsychological tests and MRI.
Although legal access to medical cannabis has been available in Canada for many years, our society has yet to fully understand the important health implications surrounding the use of medical cannabis or recreational users. However, the current availability of medical cannabis in Canada means that researchers have access to a large number of individuals who are cannabis users.
Sex Now is a community-based health survey for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Canada. The next round of Sex Now will be conducted at LGBTQ Pride events in 8 Canadian cities and participants will be asked to provide small blood spot samples for HIV testing.
Canada?s commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has implications for both domestic and foreign policy in a complex, shifting, and interdependent global health system crowded with multiple actors and stakeholders. The array of activities involved with global public health practice necessitates engagement with health policy and systems research (HPSR), and Knowledge Translation (KT) is critical to bridging the gap between knowledge generated through research and the knowledge that is used to inform policy, practice, and programs.