The WHO defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The holistic nature of this definition provides the basis for an all-encompassing evaluation of health, which is the guiding principle behind health impact assessment (HIA). An emerging area of public concern in Canada is the assessment of the potential impact that transportation infrastructure has on human health. HIA is ideally placed for such an assessment.
Traumatic events such as work related accidents, injuries or assault may result in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This condition is associated with sleep disruption, nightmares, anxiety, and avoidance of the environment where the traumatic event occurred. Significant proportions of patients diagnosed with PTSD are disabled from working; however, little is known regarding which treatments are most effective for improving functional recovery. Existing research mainly focuses on the effect of treatment for reducing symptoms, and looks at treatments in isolation (e.g.
The purpose of this project is to support the development of wellness-focused interventions, including weight management, mental health and social well-being for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). To date, the focus of health promotion interventions have primarily focused on typically developing children and adolescents, rather than those with IDD.
Our deadliest enemies are the ones we cannot see – viruses or bacteria that lurk and mutate, and grow in resistance, until they become an unstoppable pandemic. This year four interns will work alongside the Tech Samurais company to produce key communication tools that will make effective interventions into the Canadian and global conversation about pandemics. Tech Samurais will be providing access to an unparalleled content library, featuring film from the frontlines of the fight against Ebola, polio and measles.
H2O4All is one of many small, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working to address the needs of the 663 million who lack access to safe drinking water and the 2.4 billion who are without access to sanitation facilities in low- and middle-income countries. Unfortunately, evaluation of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) interventions are rarely a priority for NGOs like H2O4All whose projects are time and budget sensitive; this is concerning because without evaluation we cannot determine H2O4Alls impact on the communities in which it works.
Almost half of the world’s population cooks with highly polluting stoves and household air pollution (HAP) is one of the leading environmental risks for global health. Current efforts to reduce HAP have focused on improved cook stove and/or fuel interventions. However, most previous stove interventions failed to achieve reductions in air pollution exposures due to a combination of technological, affordability, and behavioural problems.
The MITACS student will join in a large and diverse research group that has developed and disseminated national programs with the use of technology (e.g., computers, internet, smartphones) to treat health problems in children and adolescents, through the following programs:
Clinical programs for Disruptive Behavior, Anxiety, and Enuresis: These programs are being delivered as evidence-based service to children and families seeking help for mental health over the phone and internet, or paper-based manuals.
In a typical meta analysis, estimates of the parameter of interest (e.g. odds ratio) are extracted from the literature or by contacting researchers and pooled together. In contrast, for IPD-MA line-by-line patient data are obtained from each study.
IPD-MA data permit researchers to define exposures and outcomes consistently across studies, and to analyze the association of interest consistently (e.g. adjusting for the same confounders), which may minimize heterogeneity. IPD-MA are of particular value for synthesis of observational studies.
Over the past decade, there has been a steady rise in homelessness in Canadian cities due in large part to loss of low-income housing stock in inner-city neighbourhoods undergoing redevelopment. People who use drugs (PWUD) disproportionately face eviction from buildings targeted for renovation and demolition and also face significant barriers in subsequently obtaining affordable housing. While the devastating health impacts of homelessness among PWUD are well documented, little is known about the role of eviction stemming from urban redevelopment as a unique mechanism influencing health.
NB-BioMatrix Inc. (NBBM or the company) has developed a nanoparticle product, Naqua-PureTM, for industrial heavy metal water remediation. Unlike current heavy metal removal technologies, Naqua PureTM is cheap, environmentally friendly, requires low energy input, and is highly efficient.