Tuberculosis (TB) infection and risk factors among healthcaretrainees in South India

Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne bacterial infection that causes poor respiratory health and even death. TB is transmitted very well in crowded hospitals where people are in close proximity. For this reason, healthcare workers in countries such as India, which has the largest TB epidemic in the world, are at high risk of being exposed to and acquiring TB infection. To control TB infections in hospital settings, we need to understand which health care workers and trainees are vulnerable and why.

Oxidative Potential and Chemical Speciation of Particulate Matter from Solid Fuel Combustion: Baseline Associations for Health and Climate Studies

First, particulate matter from air pollution caused by the burning of biomass fuels will be collected on filters at a field site in Sichuan, China. The samples will be comprised of personal exposures (from devices attached to women in the study population) as well as emissions (from devices near the source of the pollution). Next, the particulate matter samples collected on the field site will be analysed in the laboratory of the host collaborator, Dr. YuanXun Zhang, who is an expert in the specific analyses required to determine the chemical composition of the samples.

Evaluating the Impact of a Mobile Unit in a Cancer Screening Program Among Vulnerable Populations in Brazil

In Brazil, inequities in accessing healthcare are linked to socioeconomic disparities. Poor and middle-income countries – like Brazil – bear the highest burden of cancer morbidity and mortality; yet typically do not have structured screening programs. My research aims to evaluate an innovative program in Brazil for screening breast, cervical, prostate and skin cancer. To combat inequities in access to healthcare, Brazil has implemented mobile units (MUs) to
proactively reach vulnerable populations and provide essential screening and health promotion services.

The impact of social environment on mobility status and occurrenceof falls in older adults. International comparisons

Human populations are aging all over the world and decline in mobility is an age-related problem that limits older adults' quality of life. One major risk factor for mobility disability in is falls. There are some modifiable risk factors for falls and identifying these factors can help public health professionals to devise proper prevention strategy.

Health risks of agricultural intensification in Vietnam

During the last couple decades, agricultural practices have increased in intensity to meet the growing needs of economic growth and population growth in Vietnam. Increased livestock production, management of human and animal waste, hormone and antibiotic residues from humans and livestock present human and environmental health concerns. The risks of agricultural intensification to human health are not well studied and understood in Vietnam. In this study, I will explore the risks of agricultural intensification to human health through a systematic review of the literature.

Economic Assessment of a Predictive Technology for the Early Detection of Oral Cancer

Health economic evaluation provides information about the value for money of new healthcare technologies, and is increasingly used to guide the allocation of scarce resources based on maximizing health gain. The molecular diagnostics company, PDI, has developed a technology to improve the identification of patients at high risk for oral cancers for early intervention, and distinguish abnormal cell growth that will not become malignant, compared to the current gold standard alone.

A mixed-methods project investigating HerSwab™ and arts-based education as integral components of culturally acceptable cervical screening in Northwest Ontario First Nations communities

Specific strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) can develop into cervical cancer. Screening for these types of HPV has been shown as a better early test for cervical cancer. Samples for HPV testing can also be collected by women without going into a clinic. This selftesting method may be a good cervical screening option for women who might not participate otherwise. Certain cultural groups, such as First Nations women, are less likely to participate in cervical screening than the general population. As a result, First Nations women have more diagnoses and deaths from cervical cancer.

Disaster Management and Informal Settlements in India

The most recent flood in Ahmedabad, India occurred in September 2013, when 50,000 people were displaced from low lying areas of the state. The World Bank report warns that the poor living in informal settlements, such as coastal slums in India, are the most likely to be killed or harmed by extreme weather linked to climate change. The purpose of this research is to understand the historical developments of post-disaster guidelines and disaster preparedness plans in urban slums of India.

Structural and geochemical controls of mineralization of the Efemςukuru, low-intermediate sulphidation deposit, western Turkey

The MDRU of UBC proposes to conduct a study at the Efemςukuru gold deposit, located 30 km southwest of Izmir, Turkey. Efemςukuru is an example of an ore deposit formed from convecting hot, metal-bearing fluids in an area with abundant faults. One of the key objectives of this project is to identify how the geometry of the faults in the surrounding area controlled the metal-bearing fluids responsible for gold mineralization.

Feasibility and Initial Efficacy of Remote Home-Based CardiacRehabilitation— A Pilot Study

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is proven beneficial for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Currently, most healthcare systems in China provides limited CR program toward patients after the cardiac intervention. This is particularly true among the rural areas. Home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) is used to alternative center (hospital) based in many developed countries.