Developing Tools to Evaluate the Effectiveness of NGO WaSH Interventions in Low to Middle Income Countries

H2O4All is one of many small, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working to address the needs of the 663 million who lack access to safe drinking water and the 2.4 billion who are without access to sanitation facilities in low- and middle-income countries. Unfortunately, evaluation of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) interventions are rarely a priority for NGOs like H2O4All whose projects are time and budget sensitive; this is concerning because without evaluation we cannot determine H2O4All’s impact on the communities in which it works.

Scalability of a low-polluting semi-gasifiercookstove and fuel intervention in theTibetan Plateau

Almost half of the world’s population cooks with highly polluting stoves and household air pollution (HAP) is one of the leading environmental risks for global health. Current efforts to reduce HAP have focused on improved cook stove and/or fuel interventions. However, most previous stove interventions failed to achieve reductions in air pollution exposures due to a combination of technological, affordability, and behavioural problems.

Delivering evidence-based health care to children with common health conditions and their families using technology

The MITACS student will join in a large and diverse research group that has developed and disseminated national programs with the use of technology (e.g., computers, internet, smartphones) to treat health problems in children and adolescents, through the following programs:

OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS
Clinical programs for Disruptive Behavior, Anxiety, and Enuresis: These programs are being delivered as evidence-based service to children and families seeking help for mental health over the phone and internet, or paper-based manuals.

Statistical challenges in individual patient data meta analysis

In a typical meta analysis, estimates of the parameter of interest (e.g. odds ratio) are extracted from the literature or by contacting researchers and pooled together. In contrast, for IPD-MA line-by-line patient data are obtained from each study.
IPD-MA data permit researchers to define exposures and outcomes consistently across studies, and to analyze the association of interest consistently (e.g. adjusting for the same confounders), which may minimize heterogeneity. IPD-MA are of particular value for synthesis of observational studies.

The health impacts of residential eviction among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada

Over the past decade, there has been a steady rise in homelessness in Canadian cities due in large part to loss of low-income housing stock in inner-city neighbourhoods undergoing redevelopment. People who use drugs (PWUD) disproportionately face eviction from buildings targeted for renovation and demolition and also face significant barriers in subsequently obtaining affordable housing. While the devastating health impacts of homelessness among PWUD are well documented, little is known about the role of eviction stemming from urban redevelopment as a unique mechanism influencing health.

Establishing Quality Assurance, Process Improvements and Pilot Plant Development for a Novel Nanotechnology Platform in Water Remediation

NB-BioMatrix Inc. (NBBM or the company) has developed a nanoparticle product, Naqua-PureTM, for industrial heavy metal water remediation. Unlike current heavy metal removal technologies, Naqua PureTM is cheap, environmentally friendly, requires low energy input, and is highly efficient.

Tuberculosis (TB) infection and risk factors among healthcaretrainees in South India

Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne bacterial infection that causes poor respiratory health and even death. TB is transmitted very well in crowded hospitals where people are in close proximity. For this reason, healthcare workers in countries such as India, which has the largest TB epidemic in the world, are at high risk of being exposed to and acquiring TB infection. To control TB infections in hospital settings, we need to understand which health care workers and trainees are vulnerable and why.

Oxidative Potential and Chemical Speciation of Particulate Matter from Solid Fuel Combustion: Baseline Associations for Health and Climate Studies

First, particulate matter from air pollution caused by the burning of biomass fuels will be collected on filters at a field site in Sichuan, China. The samples will be comprised of personal exposures (from devices attached to women in the study population) as well as emissions (from devices near the source of the pollution). Next, the particulate matter samples collected on the field site will be analysed in the laboratory of the host collaborator, Dr. YuanXun Zhang, who is an expert in the specific analyses required to determine the chemical composition of the samples.

Evaluating the Impact of a Mobile Unit in a Cancer Screening Program Among Vulnerable Populations in Brazil

In Brazil, inequities in accessing healthcare are linked to socioeconomic disparities. Poor and middle-income countries – like Brazil – bear the highest burden of cancer morbidity and mortality; yet typically do not have structured screening programs. My research aims to evaluate an innovative program in Brazil for screening breast, cervical, prostate and skin cancer. To combat inequities in access to healthcare, Brazil has implemented mobile units (MUs) to
proactively reach vulnerable populations and provide essential screening and health promotion services.

The impact of social environment on mobility status and occurrenceof falls in older adults. International comparisons

Human populations are aging all over the world and decline in mobility is an age-related problem that limits older adults' quality of life. One major risk factor for mobility disability in is falls. There are some modifiable risk factors for falls and identifying these factors can help public health professionals to devise proper prevention strategy.

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