Understanding the gaps in the adoption of animal care practices in Canada

Welfare issues such as lameness and body injuries (LBI) negatively impact health, productivity, and longevity of dairy cows. Despite research, regulatory and outreach efforts, the current prevalence of LBI is high in Canada and shows little evidence of improvement. The proposed study will use an integrated, structured approach to identify gaps influencing the adoption of on-farm practices for control of LBI from a multi-stakeholder perspective.

Repurposing poultry industry wastes to generate high value microbial metabolites for plant growth promotion

The global population is projected to rise from about 7.2 billion in 2014 to 9.6 billion people in 2050 as predicted by the World Resources Institute. With a rapid growth of world’s population, there is a dire need for food. To cope with this ever-increasing demand for food, the use of large amounts of fertilizers, chemical pesticides and antimicrobial agents are being adopted. Although the use of agrochemicals increased plant productivity, they come at the cost of damage to the environment, agro-ecosystems and living organisms facing harmful residual effects.

Nutrition, Genetics and Athletic Performance - Year two

This project will result in the expansion of an athlete-focused genetic test to include additional genetic markers and algorithms for the purpose of personalized caffeine advice for endurance and other forms of exercise (strength, power, anaerobic-power) through continued analysis of 23 caffeine-associated genes that affect an athlete’s response to caffeine (positive, negative or no effect). The intern has already collected all necessary data, from over 100 athletes, from her previous doctoral research. She has already published some of her caffeine-associated findings.

Assessing the impact of restoring semi-natural habitat on farmland on agricultural productivity

The goal of this project is to understand how habitat enhancements, such as semi-natural or natural native managed hedgerows, grass margins, and grassland set-asides impact both pollination and pest control in berry fields in the Delta, BC region. Our hypothesis is that the inclusion of these natural habitats will promote beneficial insect diversity. Beneficial insects include pollinators, such as bumble bees, and natural enemies, such as ladybugs that feed on aphids.

Translation of recent evidence on the effect of sugars on cardiometabolic health - Year two

The proposed project includes 2 objectives: (1) provision of high quality evidence on the effect of specific food sources of sugars on cardiometabolic risk factors by conducting multiple systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRMAs), to address the effect of replacing sugar-sweetened beverages with either diet pop or water in a randomized controlled clinical trial, and to analyze and report national data from StatsCan on current sugars consumption, and (2) efforts to translate the evidence from these studies both directly to the public and indirectly through communications to clinicians and pub

Improving Craft Brewing through Optimization of Yeast Function

Beer has been brewed since the dawn of civilization and is composed of only 4 simple ingredients: hops, water, toasted barley (called malt) and yeast. Yeast are the factories that convert chemicals in the starting materials to ethanol and flavors. Not all yeast are the same; over the millennia selection of specific yeast strains for specific brewing purposes has force the yeast to ‘evolve’ changing their genetic composition. For example, yeast used to make ales have a different genetic composition to those used to make lagers.

The Effect of Degenerative Spine Disease on Neuromuscular Pain and Function

Despite its growing prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal disease in society, its cause is still poorly understood. Emerging research suggests that degenerative spine disease may be an important facilitator to the development of chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal disease. We aim to investigate the effect of degenerative spine disease on muscle inflammation, pain and dysfunction by using an animal model of experimentally induced spine osteoarthritis.

Impact of Bioavailable Peptides Generated from Collagen Hydrolysates on Bone Remodeling

Genacol Canada Corporation Inc. manufactures a collagen hydrolysate (CH) product, sourced from bovine (Genacol® Original Formula), that has shown promising and positive results in three clinical trials for decreasing joint pain, as well as having a positive effect on articular cartilage. Following digestion, and first pass metabolism, CHs release peptides that have been shown to be the health promoting component of the supplement. New research trends have suggested that joint pain is a multi-tissue disease, and not only attributed to articular degradation.

Food Convergent Innovation Canada Start-Up:Developing data and methods to support the digital backbone of the agri-food system in the Covid19 context

Food Convergence and Integrity (FCI) Canada is being formed to help agri-food companies mitigate the disruptions of Covid-19, increase interactions and innovations among Canadian agrifood companies and enable new agrifood business streams. Through its member platform, it will enhance resilience and competitiveness of the Canadian agri-food sector, resulting also in increased food security for Canadians.

Advanced Oxidation Process in Fresh Produce Processing: Reducing water usage, extending shelf-life and enhancing food safety

Fresh produce remains the leading cause of foodborne illness and highlighted for carrying pesticide residues. Moreover, fruit and vegetables have been highlighted as one of the leading sources of food waste, in addition to a major user of water. Currently, post-harvest washing is used as a step to remove field acquired contamination. However, both microbes and pesticides are not inactivated by washing but more distributed between batches. In addition, washed produce spoilers quicker than unwashed and the amount of water used in the process can be in the order of 4 liters per kg of product.