Estuaries are crucial stopover areas for juvenile salmon during outmigration and especially for Chinook salmon who can reside in this habitat for over a month. Many populations of Chinook salmon from the Pacific Northwest are threatened and endangered making conservation important for this species. Currently, managers are investing significant public funds in estuary restoration and understanding the effectiveness of these investments is crucial to recovery of many salmon populations.
For decades, drying sub-alpine fir and yellow spruce is known as an unmanageable task mainly due to the high moisture variation and the presence of wet-wood that result in a broad spread of moisture in kiln-dried timbers. For this reason, a considerable portion of under-dried and over-dried wood can be observed in kiln-dried subalpine fir and yellow spruce. In this research, I will examine whether the final moisture variation could be alleviated by optimizing sorting methods and drying schedules.
Urban forests are an essential component of green and sustainable communities. They play a critical role in ecological and social wellbeing by providing beneficial ecosystem services which improve environment and human health. Nonetheless, urban and infrastructure development, invasive species, and environmental stresses threaten urban tree survivorship. While public trees are often well-documented, there is limited knowledge and research related to trees on private land.
The overall goal of the proposed two-year project focuses on the development of textile fibres from Canadian grown hemp. In the first year, we will complete the characterization of the Canadian hemp bast fibres, obtained after different growing cycles, and compare them with the hemp bast grown for textile applications (e.g., collected from China and USA). We will establish the degumming process to produce cottonized hemp fibres. Cottonized hemp fibres will be produced from both Canadian hemp and the Chinese and American hemp using steam pretreatment/explosion and mild delignification process.
Uncertainty at the upstream supply of agricultural products has been a challenge for growers. This uncertainty governs the market of non-strategic crops such as perishable field vegetables by affecting suppliers (or growers), distributors, and consumers. It causes too much or too little supply and consequently unexpected price variations. The supply chain of perishable food is a complex puzzle made up of many elements. Among these elements, this project is focused on estimating the area under harvest of specific crops using Satellite Imagery and Machine Learning.
Climate change is understood variously across populations, and climate action strategies receive varying degrees of support. This study will explore climate action pathways towards a broader, deeper social mandate for a net-zero carbon economy. It will specifically identify the communication and engagement strategies that are most resonant with certain segments of the population in BC, as well as more broadly in Canada.
Prescribed fire is an important tool to maintain the productivity and diversity of grasslands. Remnant grasslands within the jurisdiction of the Meewasin Valley Authority are thought to require fire to both maintain ecosystem integrity and to reduce the danger of wildfire. While there are many individual studies demonstrating the value of prescribed fire in Western Canada, there has been no comprehensive quantitative review and assessment of the evidence. This proposed project will support a post-doctoral fellow in conducting a formal synthesis of existing data of fire effects on grasslands.
Protected areas are important wildlife refuge but carnivores have large ranges and their long-term survival could depend on their ability to exist outside parks and reserves. The intern will use expert knowledge and camera trap surveys to determine the potential for habitat outside protected areas in southwestern British Columbia, Canada to act as habitat linkages for carnivores. This area is subject to increasing development from the recreation industry so identifying the potential impacts for carnivores can help prioritize wildlife management efforts.
Despite the global growth of the flooring market and the need for more sustainable, efficient, and cost-effective flooring designs, there is little comparative information for the Canadian flooring industry to improve the design and fabrication of laminated floor panels to address both the mechanical performance and durability of their designs while manufacturing cost-effective products.
The “Assessing forest harvesting impacts on furbearer habitat at the scale of Indigenous traplines - A case study in Indigenous consultation and forest conservation” project is planned to enhance the understanding of Indigenous rights holders concerning forest management activities that impact the distribution of forest types and ages upon which the forest dwelling wildlife that sustain traditional trapping and harvesting depend.