Integrating aboriginal perspectives into health, safety and environmental compliance systems

Many Aboriginal peoples want to participate in economic development on their territories. They want to be treated with respect and have their cultural heritage recognized. They also want to ensure that resource development on their territories is safe, healthy and does not degrade the natural environment. There are business and IT solutions that exist that could help fill that gap, ensuring that aboriginal peoples are able to monitor business activities on their land.

Business Transformation: Forest Firms

Business transformation involves firms changing their business models to pursue new opportunities. The ambitions of transformation are to  enhance a firm’s competitiveness. Transformation is risky— literature highlights that transformation efforts often fail; reasons include firms not having the sufficient competencies or enough capital to carry the changes through. As Canadian forest sector firms look to new opportunities in the bio-economy, they must change their business models to successfully compete in these new segments.

The Petawawa Biofibre Harvest Trial

This project will assess the potential for using unmerchantable wood as feedstock for the production of biofuels and bioenergy. Large tracts of forests within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Forest (GLSL) consist of low quality pine- mixed woods that could supply feedstock if the unmerchantable wood were recovered in a sustainable and cost-effective manner. We will conduct biomass harvesting trials at the Petawawa Research Forest to assess the sustainability and cost-effectiveness of whole-tree harvest operations in pine-mixed forests characteristic of the region.

Biochar Carbon Protocol Development

Biochar is charcoal that is used as a soil amendment to increase plant productivity and as a means of keeping carbon out of the atmosphere. Although a number of voluntary carbon standards allow for soil carbon projects to generate carbon offsets, no protocol has been developed for biochar.

Sustainable Development of Forest Resources: Nuxalk Development Corporation

The Nuxalk First Nations is being empowered by the provincial government to take more control over its socio and economic affairs. One critical part of the transitioning is to manage their forest resources through a community forest license. The Nuxalk Development Corporation will be an active participant in their economic future, particularly in the area of forest land management, energy planning, community development and the manufacturing of wood and non-wood products.

Advanced Bio-composites for automotive sector

The proposed project seeks to develop biocomposite technology and products for the auto manufacturing industries. Eight graduate students under the supervision of Dr. Mohini Sain, will work on manufacturing processes, mechanical characterization and development of molds for various types of bio-composites which have direct application in auto-industries and can act as substitute for fossil fuel based composites. The two partner organizations will be the Centre for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing (CBBP), Faculty of Forestry, Univ.

Aboriginal economic development of forest resources

An increasing number of Aboriginal communities are seeking a fair share of benefits from the economic development of forest lands and resources. Yet participation remains low, and initiatives to increase the participation of Aboriginals in the forest sector have had limited contributions to improving the economic and social well-being of Aboriginal peoples and communities. This situation reflects a general lack of knowledge about what Aboriginal economic development of forest resources really means.

Shrinkage of polymer coatings on wood veneers in aircraft structures: understanding the causes of the problem and possible solution

A common problem in aircraft cabinetry is deterioration of high gloss finishes, giving an "orange-peel look", which is attributed to some kind of dimensional instability. This can be related to the veneer, the varnish, their interactions and how they evolve over time and in different environmental conditions (temperature and humidity) to which the aircraft cabinetry are exposed during their manufacturing and usage. This problem is costly to Bombardier Aerospace, who must frequently rework the cabinetry surfaces. 3M Canada is interested in providing solutions.

Analysis of the potential for carbon offsets in North American tribal lands

The research objectives for this proposed Mitacs project are to identify the forested Tribal Lands in the US that hold the most promise for participating in the developing regional US and Canadian offset markets. The partner organization is Offsetters Clean Technology, a BC based company with expertise in carbon management and advisory services in Canada. This project will ultimately result in the creation of a new line of business for the company focused on First Nations and tribes outside of British Columbia.

Evaluation of appearance, corrosion properties and leach resistance of modified micronized copper preservative treated wood

Recently introduced micronized copper wood preservative system has successfully captured most of the treated wood market in the USA; however, it cannot be acceptable in Canada because the wood surface is mottled and streaky in appearance when it is applied to Canadian wood species (spruce-pine fir). This problem may be solved by partially solubilizing copper with MEA to provide an even color to wood surface.