Most Canadians live in the urban regions, and most Canadian cities receive snow every year. For instance, Montreal receives about 2.3 meter of snow every year. This snow accommodates various human-made pollutants in cities and accumulates over long Canadian winter. This application to support an intern which will be involved in a collaborative project with PO-labs within PRIMA Quebec aiming to build upon the new innovation at McGill using clay minerals. We intend to use these traps to remove pollutants in snow.
River restoration in the steep mountain streams of British Columbia focuses on enhancing conditions for fish habitat, including salmon spawning habitat. These restoration projects are designed using 2D hydraulic models, but their performance during large flood events is relatively unknown. This project will use a set of laboratory experiments to assess the performance of common designs under large flood events. A scaled model of a restoration design will be built, and the sediment transport and topographic change of the channel during simulated floods will be measured.
The development and advancement of web mapping technologies is opening the doors to new mapping platforms that are accessible, interactive and engaging. In a conservation and resource co-management setting, there is a large potential for these web mapping platforms to be used to empower local communities by supporting local monitoring, planning and management decisions. However, there remains a disconnect between these technological advances and their capacity to address community needs and promote meaningful co-management.
The use and burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and gas for transportation and industrial activities, are sources of both air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. While air pollution affects human health, greenhouse gas contributes to climate change. Therefore, reducing fossil fuel use can improve air quality as well as help fight climate change. The restrictions on transportation and industrial activities put in place in Toronto to limit the spread of COVID-19 provide a unique opportunity to help identify the sources of air pollution in the area.
Humanity faces the triple challenge of stabilizing climate, ensuring food security, and safeguarding nature. Innovative approaches for climate- and biodiversity-friendly agriculture capable of sustaining resilient production landscapes are urgently needed. Carbon markets offer a platform for market-driven solutions that incentivize soil carbon sequestration through nature-based solutions. Canada employs a cap-and-trade scheme for domestic carbon credit trading on route to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.
Reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to limit the impacts of climate change requires implementation of CO2 reduction technologies across a wide variety of industries. This research project will develop carbon management and sequestration technologies for reducing CO2 emissions in the mining industry with a focus on diamond mines in Canada, South Africa and Botswana.
With ever-increasing societal demands for mineral and energy resources, mining and civil tunnelling projects are developing deeper and more complex underground excavations. Experiences are showing that the response of rock at these depths is significantly different and much more hazardous than that previously encountered at shallower depths for which many of our current engineering design tools were developed.
This project aims to explore the application of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, aka drones) to assess forest health, explore early identification of disease and infestation and provide quantitative post-harvest analysis. The use of drones for this type of assessment has the potential to improve the overall picture of forest health, aid in decision-making regarding preferential harvesting of trees, and measurably increase profits by identifying marketable timber products post-harvest.
The intern will determine which factors determine the distribtuion of gold at the Magino gold project, near Wawa Ontario. This will be accomplished by geologic mapping and examination of drill core at the Magino site during two summer field seasons. Samples and data collected in the filed will be returned to Laureitan University and examined using petrographic microscope and scanning electron microprobes as well as preparation of a geologic map and cross section focused on the structural geologic framework of the deposit.
As glaciers retreat, the reduction in area available for melting ultimately causes declines in summer streamflow. In addition, evaporation from newly formed lakes and evapotranspiration from vegetation establishment on deglaciated areas would act to further reduce summer streamflow. However, these latter processes have received little attention to date. The objective of the project is to advance our ability to incorporate these processes into hydrologic models that can used to make projections of future water availability under changing climate and land cover conditions.