Small vessel interactions with cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) in the Salish Sea is poorly understood. This is of concern as vessel impacts, such as acoustic impacts and behavioural disturbances, have been categorized as a key threat to the recovery of various cetacean species. To minimize vessel impacts on cetacean species, the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have drafted and updated over the years mandatory marine mammal viewing distance regulations around cetaceans.
Geophysical inversion is the process of determining a 3D computer model of the Earth’s subsurface from measurements made in a geophysical survey. Geophysical data are sensitive to the presence, location and size of certain rock types including ore bodies. However, many different rock types can give similar measurements, and the measurements are usually sensitive to only large-scale variations in the subsurface. To mitigate these shortcomings, it is possible to incorporate additional information into the inversion process.
There is a growing movement within the agricultural community to use a nature-based approach to soil management, emphasizing its natural ability to sequester atmospheric carbon. Soil carbon sequestration not only improves soil health and fertility, but benefits the climate (reduced GHG emissions) and watersheds (facilitates water infiltration, mitigating floods, and purification).
Developing technology capable of onsite medical diagnostics is crucial for health-care delivery in clinical and emergency settings. To perform on-site diagnostics, health-care practitioners need compact, inexpensive, and user-friendly equipment. Alentic Microscience has developed a system that uses small volumes of blood for cell counting and serum tests, occurring at the site of blood extraction. This system makes single molecular layers of reagents on the sensor surface, which when exposed to light allow the system to provide valuable diagnostics about the sample.
The general objective of this research is to understand the geology of the Clearwater Formation in a region of Alberta where new oil and gas reserves have been discovered. The research will include detailed mapping throughout the region to understand where the best oil and gas resources are. This area is especially interesting as enhance production techniques, such as using steam injection or fracking the reservoir are not needed to produce the resources.
We will develop advanced software toolkits for seismic inversion and imaging. These method are called Full Waveform Inversion and Reverse Time Migration (FWIIRTM). The FWIIRTM will be used to obtain accurate 30 images and elastic properties of subsurface complex structures.
Mine closure is the final stage of a mine’s lifecycle and can have complex social, economic, and cultural impacts on nearby communities. These impacts include population decline, reduced services, household stress, ecological change, and reduced access to land-based activities. These impacts become more likely when communities are not engaged with during the closure planning process. Glencore Raglan is attempting to mitigate these issues through the Raglan Mine Closure Sub-committee, which is made up of both company employees and community representatives from Salluit and Kangiqsujuaq.
The Canadian Arctic is warming at an alarming rate. The coastal community of Pangnirtung, Nunavut has long witnessed and experienced the reality of climate change. Country food is the main resource for Panniqtuumiut all year round and practices related to hunting and fishing are key to family and community well-being. Local organizations and community members contribute to numerous academic studies and endeavours devoted to climate change.
This project is designed to assess both natural variability and the future change of forest productivity and natural disaster risks that are related to climate. These areas are important to study as climatic change is projected to impact northern latitudes more strongly and disasters, such as floods, droughts, and fires, are predicted to increasingly impact human populations and infrastructure. To assess these components, a combination of satellite remote sensing, in-situ and UAV data will be utilized in conjunction with large ensemble modelling.
The forestry sector is one of the important pillars in the Canadian contributing to 1,6% for the country`s GDP. Access forest structure and quantifying leaf and wood elements is essential to understand productivity and environmental contribution of trees and forested areas. Light Detection And Range (LiDAR) produces a 3-Dimension point cloud with high spatial resolution, therefore, Terrestrial Laser Scanners (TLS) arises as an important tool to measure efficiently forestry metrics fast and at a low cost.