This research project aims to use a multi-methods approach to better understand what makes the health of a community and it's individual members vulnerable to earthquake hazards. Further, this project seeks to investigate how to best mitigate this vulnerability in rural and urban populations in coastal regions of Vancouver Island. The research question to be addressed is: How can the health system support the creation of healthy, disaster-resilient communities in coastal areas of British Columbia under the threat of an earthquake?
The internship with Wallbridge Mining Company Limited is directed toward unravelling the formation of copper]gold]molybdenum vein mineralization of the Rogers Creek Pluton in British Columbia. This will be achieved by measuring geological and structural information in the field to 1) identify the geometry of mineralized vein systems; 2) identify the mechanism of vein formation and; most importantly 3) help locate new mineralization.
The ability to forecast crop yields early in the growing season is of intense interest to many in the agrifood industry. Producers use this information to strategically apply additional fertilizers and/or pesticides in problem areas to maximize their harvest. Marketers use it to negotiate higher selling prices. Obtaining reliable crop information during the growing season is problematic, however, because farmers frequently do not have the time to provide accurate reports and because manually inventorying every field in an agricultural region is impractical.
Although there is an identified need among African refugee youth for programs that can improve their social and economic settlement outcomes, evidence suggests extremely low levels of participation among African refugee youth in programs designed for young people.
Fair Trade Carbon Limited (FTC) and its subsidiary Fair Trade Carbon Uganda are companies founded by UBC graduate students, Canadian tree planters and Ugandan educators in an effort to develop forest carbon markets in both countries based on a for-profit, community direct investment model. FTC Uganda currently manages eight tree plantations and with water scarcity in some areas, the company desires to know the effect of tree plantations on local water resources.
Evapotranspiration is a fundamental component of the hydrologic cycle. According to Environment Canada, on average, as much as 40% of precipitation in Canada is evaporated or transpired. Since evaporation makes up a considerable portion of the water budget, its variability will therefore have proportionally larger impacts on all other related processes. For example, evaporation impacts flood prediction, irrigation, crop growth, hydroelectric production, water navigation, diseases, indigenous peoples’ health and food supply and the carbon budget (Bonan, 2002).
Contaminants can become “trapped” in soil over time because of various chemical and biological processes. Trapped contaminants do not cause toxic effects in plants and soil animals even if it is detectible by chemical methods. Therefore, soil contaminant concentration can exceed established safety standards but represent minimal risk to soil organisms if the contaminant is trapped. Growing earthworms in contaminated soil is a common method to evaluate the toxic effects of contaminants in soil; however, this process is time consuming.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) policy under the federal Fisheries Act requires industry to compensate for harmful alteration, disruption or destruction (HADD) of fish habitat. Manitoba Hydro has sometimes experienced difficulty in finding effective and worthwhile projects for compensation. Consequently, compensation projects completed in accordance with the preferences of DFO can sometimes be less effective than desired.
Frequent small‐scale oil discharges are the largest source of marine oil pollution resulting from vessel operations. Because of their frequency they are often referred to as chronic oil pollution and they are considered a constant threat to marine and coastal environments. Evidence of illegal spilling of oil in the Pacific Region has been gathered by the National Aeriel Surveillance Program (NASP); primary tool for monitoring and enforcement of pollution regulations within Canadian waters.
Levels of temporary migration to Canada have increased steadily and continue to do so, because temporary foreign workers (TFWs) are seen as one solution to labour shortages in certain sectors. Private international labour brokers play an integral role in recruiting workers and facilitating TFW migration, and this project will examine the characteristics and role of these agencies operating in British Columbia.