Quasi-Experimental Study of a Community-Based, Collaborative Nutrition Education Initiative

The gNutrition for Youh initiative is a recent and unique partnership sponsored by Thrifty Foods, and delivered through 18 municipal recreation centres, with Springwell Nutrition Group, and evaluated by the University of Victoria. In 2008]09, over 1,300 participants attended education seminars. More than 225 also attended grocery stores tours. Process evaluation data suggested that the initiative was very well received.

The interaction between cardiovascular and posture controls and the effects of aging

Falls are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly, and are the sixth leading cause of death. Often these falls result from a loss of balance due to decreased postural control; however, age related reductions in cardiovascular control during postural changes may produce light headedness and fainting (syncope) leading to fall proneness. In order to assess fall proneness, further study is required to increase our knowledge and better characterize how the cardiovascular and the postural control systems interact. We shall conduct two studies to accomplish the task above.

A new approach to the assessment and evaluation of technical skills

Surgical education has changed dramatically over the last 15 years as traditional “time served” approaches have given way to objective assessments of efficiency. These assessments are very resource intensive and require a greater level of training for the educators and evaluators. Furthermore they often do not provide timely, meaningful feedback to the trainees. To overcome these difficulties, the Surgical Skills Centre (SSC) at Mount Sinai Hospital is seeking to improve the efficiency of the assessment process and concurrently better integrate feedback into surgical education.

Multi-method Evaluation of Haulage Trucks: Improvement in Occupational Health via Ergonomic Design

The goal of this project is to decrease the risk of work-related accidents associated with construction and mining vehicles. The reasons for these accidents are partly due to the dimensions of the vehicle, which prohibit the driver from seeing certain areas of the surrounding environment, creating blind spots. These blind spots make it impossible to see people or things in the environment. The intern will be asked to evaluate different cabin designs on a computer and let the organization known which one offered the least amount of blind spots.

Does reducing postural variability lead to an increase in the prevalence of work-related injuries in lean automotive assembly?

Many companies believe that the more efficient way of thinking “lean” will improve quality by eliminating waste, reducing lead time and reducing their overall costs. However, the benefits and downfalls of a lean process of manufacturing have been debated extensively. Many researchers have noted a positive improvement in productivity, quality, and efficiency which contribute positively to managers, supervisors and other white collared workers. However, some other researchers have noted negative impacts on the health of blue collared assembly workers.

The Effects of Weight and Weight Distribution on Muscular Activity and Trunk Posture when Sighting a Rifle

The advent of new weapon-mounted technologies poses new challenges for assault rifle design. Changes in rifle weight and center of mass (COM) can have significant impacts on soldiers’ rifle handling and ability to engage a target. Defense Research and Development Canada (DRDC), as part of a larger NATO Task Group, have hired Human Systems Inc., to investigate integration issues associated with new weapon systems. Testing will be conducted on a highly secured live-fire range using experienced Canadian soldiers as subjects. Human Systems Inc.

Evaluating Forest Machine Operator Musculoskeletal Health

The intern will conduct a detailed cross-sectional study of ergonomic issues impacting operators of typical tree-harvesting machines used in Atlantic Canada. Operators from forest products companies will be recruited for this study. Data will be collected from structured interviews, field testing and simulated forest machine tasks.

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