Can a neuromuscular training insole alter low back muscular and postural responses?

Back posture and muscle activation are effected by the alignment and behaviour of jointsbelow: the hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Neuromuscular training insoles use disruptive technology to change how the feet respond to interactions with the ground. If such an insole can improve the foot's ability to sense orientation/position and the required stabilization for normal and effective gait, it may be able to improve the performance of joints in the chain above.

Neuroanatomical changes following chronic post-stroke therapy

Presently we do not know the extent to which different types of therapies can assist those who are in the chronic phase of stroke recovery. Technologically innovative rehabilitation devices are now becoming available to clinicians, and often employ video game-like scenarios to motivate the patient to move. However, there is a lack of evidence documenting a) the benefits of enhanced therapy using gaming-like devices, and b) the underlying neuroplastic changes promoted by the use of these devices.

Impact of Lumbar Vibrotactile Plantar Sensory Substitution System on Gait and Balance

Peripheral neuropathy is a medical condition that leads to a loss of sensation in the feet. Due to this loss, patients suffering from this condition are at an increased risk of falling due to impaired control of posture and gait function. Orpyx Medical Technologies Inc. has developed a biomedical device to substitute the sensory loss in the feet. The device consists of pressure sensing insoles that provide real-time feedback to the patient about the pressure distribution at the feet.

Heat exposure limits for older workers in deep mechanized mining

We are conducting this study to determine to what extent air velocity affect sweating, skin blood flow and changes in core temperature in older workers during exercise performed in the heat (i.e., 30°C and 60% RH). Responses of older adults (55-65 years) will be compared to a younger group (20-25 years). Participants will perform four 15-min bouts of semi-recumbent cycling at a constant rate of heat production o f 400 W. Each exercise bout will be separated by 15-min of rest with the exception of the final recovery (recovery 4) which will be 60-min in duration.

Multivariate analysis of neuroimaging and non-invasive brain stimulation data to assess functional and structural reorganization in the brain following stroke

The brain is a dynamically evolving structure. Rehabilitation interventions take advantage of its malleable properties that persist even after an injury from stroke. Various interventions are used in clinical practice at an attempt to restore normal activity in the brain. Non-invasive brain stimulation is a novel technique that may act as a facilitator of brain recovery. Due to the complexity of mechanisms that occur within the brain, multiple measures of neurological function are needed to capture the benefits that non-invasive brain stimulation may have on individuals with stroke.

Evaluation of Flexkor as a flexibility aid for elite athletes

The objective of this research project is to determine if athletes who use the Flexkor device to facilitate stretching after their workouts will result in comparable gains in hamstring flexibility and strength as would be obtained by athletes who use a trained therapist. Many elite athletes in a team environment rely heavily on therapists to conduct stretching after practicing, as part of their cool-down period.

Physiological monitoring and field verification of exposure limits in older miners exposed to high heat stress conditions

Underground miners traditionally work in harsh environments containing dust and noxious gases. Recently, there is concern that the increasing risk of heat exposure may compound the deleterious effects of these conditions and further subject the workers to increased risk of heat stress. A new and growing challenge to the industry is that the Ontario mining workforce is rapidly aging. Older workers are at a greater risk of developing a heat related injury, which is further exacerbated by poor physical fitness and disease states.

Development of an environmental impact assessment tool for sports events

Although there is growing awareness of the need for sports events to take account of their environmental impacts and be “greener”, few sports organizations comprehensively assess their environmental performance due to the lack of tailored methods and tools. Small events in particular have limited resources and would benefit from a simplified assessment approach that allows them to rapidly estimate impacts. Through this study, Quantis aims to develop a new tool and method, using a life cycle assessment approach, to be applied to the sport event sector.

Athlete and Coach Perceptions of the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport

Currently, the staff of the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES) is uncertain of how Canadian athletes, coaches, and members of the Canadian sport community perceives their efforts and programs. This research will identify if the current policies and procedures for anti-doping rule violations reflect the CCES in a positive (advocate for athletes and Canadian sport) or negative (enforcer of rules) role. This proposed research looks to examine how stakeholders view the role of CCES and whether or not their perceptions of the CCES are positive or negative.

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