Celiac disease is an autoimmune dysfunction that requires strict adherence to a gluten-free (GF) diet in order to prevent detrimental health outcomes. Following a strict GF diet is difficult given that gluten is added as a preservative or binding agent to many foods. Findings from a review suggest strict adherence to a gluten-free diet is as low as 42%. As such, poor adherence to a GF diet is an emerging health concern for people living with celiac disease.
Rates of obesity are continuously rising despite efforts to decrease them. The purpose of this study is to show that obese but fit individuals are protected from many adverse health conditions such as metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease as the result of being physically active. This study is designed to assess, independently, the contributions of cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity to the metabolic health of obese individuals.
Current performance optimization models of track cycling are inadequate to estimate conditions such as the start of the race and during positional changes of the athletes. Monitoring muscle excitation is a valuable way to quantify metabolic changes since it does not discriminate the energy source. Muscle excitation is therefore a good parameter to explore the influence of the energy utilization aspect of model predictions.
There are a number of factors that can impact ones level of physical activity. Interpersonal, intrapersonal, and environmental factors are all important when looking at how active or sedentary an individual can be. For schoolchildren, it is important to promote active behaviors that will lead to a healthy lifestyle. By creating a tool to identify factors that influence sedentary behaviors, it can help to promote interventions to encourage students to be more active and more fit.
Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is a major cause of death worldwide (“WHO | The top 10 causes of death,” 2014). In Mexico, high incidence rates of diagnosed T2D (9.2%) and obesity (34.4%) pose a burden for the health system (Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica (INSP), 2012b). A national strategy for diabetes management, the Grupos de Ayuda Mutua (GAM), has been implemented, in response to rising T2D rates. Individual GAMs consist of peer-support and education and clinical attention by a health care team.
We have developed an innovative computer-aided, game-based platform for rehabilitation. The platform includes an embedded automated assessment subsystem, which provides electronic measures of fine and gross motor skills and specific psychomotor skills. The primary objective of this research project is to evaluate the test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the standardized assessment subsystem embedded into our game-based rehabilitation platform.
The purpose of this project is to conduct a scientific evaluation of pre-placement functional assessment for Canada Post delivery agents. Within the project, the research team will evaluate how delivery agents (letter carriers) perform mocked-up work tasks (based on actual job tasks observed in the field). Then the research team will evaluate how delivery agents perform the pre-placement functional assessment.
I am exploring the use of restricting blood flow from muscles (using a tourniquet or blood pressure cuff) to better prepare an athletes body for competition. This technique, known as ischemic preconditioning (IPC), has demonstrated enormous potential for improving the performance of already well-trained athletes. Preliminary work has shown a 1-3% improvement in performance in elite athletes, a 2.5% improvement would have placed the 8th place finisher 1st in the famous 100m butterfly final in the 2012 Olympics.
Often entry into a residential care facility is a last resort, when physical and cognitive deterioration results in high level of care needs that exceed the availability of personal and community supports. Residential care facilities are increasingly becoming places where older adults receive care until death. Few transition back to the community.
This project is about the use of a robotic device for the rehabilitation of locomotion in children suffering from cerebral palsy. This multidisciplinary research will grant the candidate an experience in biomechanical research, with the use of technologies at the edge of clinical rehabilitation.
Cerebral palsy is the main factor of locomotion troubles in children. In North America, about 3 children in 1000 are born with this disorder . Current rehabilitation methods consist in the repetition of motor tasks such as walking, in order to reconstruct the neural network.