The additive effects of foam rolling and Biofreeze on range of motion, pain threshold and submaximal force production task to failure

Research has shown that rolling muscles can increase flexibility without hindering performance as well as to heighten pressure pain threshold. It was also shown that topically applied gels, which contain menthol, result in a cooling sensation and reduce the sensation of pain. While both modalities are suggested to influence pain perception through different pathways, their interactive effects have never been examined.

Cannabinoid Ensemble on Cerebrovascular Physiology: A Dosage Escalation Study

The proposed research will examine the effects of different concentrations of medical cannabis (high cannabidiol (CBD)/low tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on brain and heart physiology. CBD is ‘non-psychoactive’ and has shown to be anti-inflammatory, anti-depressive, and neuroprotective. However, limited clinical research is available on safe dosages for the human brain. Normal control participants without pathological or psychological disorders will undergo a dose escalation study to determine the safety and efficacy of high CBD/low THC.

The impact of single room accommodations on overdose risk for women who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada

People who use drugs (PWUD) face significant barriers in obtaining affordable housing. Single room accommodation (SRAs) housing have thus signified ‘last resort housing’ for structurally vulnerable urban populations, including PWUD. While the health impacts of SRA housing among PWUD are well documented, little is known about the ways social-structural environments of SRA housing distinctly impact women’s risk of overdose.

UPnGO with ParticipACTION: Evaluation of the implementation of a national workplace physical activity initiative

In order to improve the health and work productivity of Canadians, ParticipACTION developed a rewards based, PA tracking intervention called UPnGO with ParticipACTION. The UPnGO program aims to increase the amount of PA and decrease the amount of sedentary activities throughout the workday. Before and after the program, worksites will be assessed to determine what components of workplace environment and policy increase the success of the intervention measured by how employees use the UPnGO platform and changes in average daily steps.

The Praxis of Agroecology: Sharing Knowledge and Engaging Policy

This research represents the evolution of an existing partnership between USC Canada and Food: Globally Embedded, Locally Engaged (FLEdGE), a SSHRC Partnership Grant project conducting community-based research on sustainable
food systems. The intern will work with these partners to explore the theory and action of agroecology and food sovereignty at the global level and the implications this may have for the future of food systems in Canada. Through primary and secondary research, this project aims to explore the successes and limitations of agroecology in order to expand this work in Canada.

Optimizing Movement in Children Study (OMiCS)

OMiCS represents a broad research initiative exploring the relationship between physical literacy (PL) in children and markers of biological health. The research seeks to expand on the literature surrounding the components of PL: physical competence, confidence, and motivation for being active, and determine whether any of these components can shift objective biomarkers of health (the “omics”).

Evidence-informed Planning and Evaluation of Community Transitions: Impact on Health and Quality of Life

St.Amant is an organization that offers services to support individuals with developmental disabilities. Many of St.Amant’s services are shifting to provide the most inclusive, supportive, community-based services with the intention of enhancing health, access to healthcare, and quality of life of persons served and that of their families and caregivers. One of the current service changes is transitioning 75 individuals from River Road Place (RRP) to a variety of community-based residences.

The effects of cannabinoids on vascular and cognitive function in young and old healthy adults

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a bioactive cannabinoid compound in marijuana (cannabis sativa), but unlike ?9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), lacks the psychoactivity effect of THC. Available evidence suggests that there are marked therapeutic CBD effects for diverse disease processes including inflammation, cancers, psychosis, and epileptic seizures. The purpose of this study, in both younger and older healthy humans, is to improve our understanding of how CBD might control and regulate blood vessel health as well as cognitive and exercise performance.

Physical Activity Opportunities in Saint John, New Brunswick: A Neighbourhood Assessment by Income

Physical activity can help people prevent and manage diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. Currently, many Canadians are not sufficiently active, citing lack of time, money, knowledge, and access to physical activity programs as barriers. This compilation of physical activity programs in Saint John, New Brunswick, will gather details of the types of physical activity programs available and will map them by average income in local neighbourhoods to determine if access is equal for all.

Wearable Sensors for Monitoring of Human Activities

Quantification of human standing balance provides unique insight into the integrity of the human sensorimotor system, including the identification of balance deficits in conditions such as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), stroke, and aging. While a number of high-cost instrumented balance quantification systems are available, they are primarily geared towards research settings. Novel technologies using accelerometry or other inexpensive sensors are being developed for use in the clinical markets.