The objective of this project is to develop an algorithmic system, trained on both public legal data and proprietary negotiation data, that will provide tailored predictions of likely court-based dispute resolution outcomes and optimal settlements. In the proposed sub-project, a team of interns (JD students) will be modelling and labelling dispute-resolution data on complaints against hospitals and municipalities. We anticipate that a first dataset, ready for algorithmic model testing, will be completed by the end of the internship.
This project enhances scholarly and public understandings of how technical scientific knowledge shapes legal outcomes, especially through the process of finding facts. Fact determination is an unregulated yet enormously consequential task for courts. Yet the law of evidence remains widely conceptualized as an essentially rule-bound domain, including in legal pedagogy. Meanwhile, despite judicial efforts at gatekeeping for reliable science, forensic expertise continues to feature in miscarriages of justice.
This research will look at existing and possible innovations that would make municipal bylaw enforcement and adjudication in Saskatchewan more accessible, effective and efficient and would reduce the involvement of the formal court system. This may build on the example of regional co-operation offered by the Municipal Bylaw Court in Kindersley, and it may include ways to adjudicate bylaw prosecutions outside of the court system. Any proposed solutions will be suitable for the Saskatchewan context, and any necessary changes to Saskatchewan legislation will be specifically identified.
As affordable post-secondary education is a growing problem in Canada, centralized student advocacy groups like the Canadian Federation of Students – Manitoba (CFS-MB) are working to advocate for universally accessible higher education to ensure every Canadian has the equal opportunity to pursue advanced studies.
On June 3, 2019, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) released its Final Report. Among its 231 recommendations, Calls for Justice 5.7 and 9.2(iii) urge the federal, provincial, and territorial governments to take specific steps to strengthen civilian oversight of police services by ensuring stronger Indigenous participation in police boards and other oversight authorities.
Frameworks for civilian oversight of police services exist in many Canadian and other common law jurisdictions.
The COVID-19 pandemic is a rapidly evolving, dramatic health crisis. Daily, the numbers are rising of people infected with, and killed by, the novel coronavirus. Due to physical distancing measures put in place to slow the spread of the virus, there are unprecedented work/life situations for thousands of Canadians, particularly those who are faced with the challenge of working remotely while providing care to their children and dependents such as elderly parents.
The proposed research project will explore the question: How can existing mechanisms (National Marine Conservation Area Reserve (NMCAR), Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas (IPCA), and Management Agreements with Parks Canada in the Southern Gulf Islands (GINPR)) be used to uphold Indigenous W?SÁNE? laws, governance structures, values, and responsibilities within W?SÁNE? territory? Exploring the benefits, limits, and processes for funding, establishment, and enforcement of these mechanisms will help the W?SÁNE?
The protection of water is a priority for Carcross/Tagish First Nation (C/TFN) and revitalizing Indigenous legal and governance systems is fundamental to advancing Indigenous approaches to water governance. While the citizens of C/TFN have governed the waters and lands within their traditional territory since time immemorial, their Tagish and Tlingit legal orders have been disrupted by colonial forms of governance. Nevertheless, knowledge of these systems endures in practice and oral history.
This research aims at primarily analysing the legal frameworks regulating biofertilizers and biopesticides (also known as biologicals) in India and Ukraine. After studying and analysing the legal frameworks, and barriers in registration procedures for R&D, trial, transfer, trade, transport and storage of new molecules and microbial strains of agro-biologicals, a draft of alternative regulations will be suggested for biofertilizers and biocontrol agents being imported or manufactured in India and Ukraine.
Speciesism discrimination by species - is recognized by some moral philosophers as a social justice issue. It is a problem for animals and humans alike since studies show that how we treat animals is related to how we treat each other and to public health. We aim to raise awareness of speciesism among social workers - a group likely to respond to social justice issues to see if they become more willing to advocate for animals. Animal advocates, social workers and I form the participatory action research team.