The protection of water is a priority for Carcross/Tagish First Nation (C/TFN) and revitalizing Indigenous legal and governance systems is fundamental to advancing Indigenous approaches to water governance. While the citizens of C/TFN have governed the waters and lands within their traditional territory since time immemorial, their Tagish and Tlingit legal orders have been disrupted by colonial forms of governance. Nevertheless, knowledge of these systems endures in practice and oral history.
The International Centre for Northern Governance and Development (ICNGD) was created to help focus attention on opportunities for building capacity in northern Saskatchewan. An overarching goal was to establish local to global relationships with the Circumpolar North in support of education, research and economic prosperity. The university, industry and northern communities work together to help students learn in an environment that is context based, relevant education and research in support of the north.
Understanding the recent frequent use of pre-trial detention in Canada and France is crucial, considering its impact on the lives of individuals that are detained while still being presumed innocent, as well as the significant financial costs for the state. This project aims to compare the institution of pre-trial detention and examine the role that it is currently playing in Canada and France two countries that share different legal traditions namely common law and civil law. The objectives of this research are threefold.
The International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds (IOPC Funds) was established in 1971, in order to minimize the externalities of the marine shipping industry. The IOPC Funds provide financial compensation for oil pollution damage that occurs in Member States, resulting from spills of persistent oil from tankers. Since their establishment the Funds have been involved in 149 incidents of varying sizes around the world.
Boys & Girls Clubs and Big Brothers Big Sisters (BGCBigs) are non-profit organizations in communities across Canada and the USA, with the largest Canadian chapter in Edmonton, Alberta. These organizations deliver programming to support the physical, emotional, academic and overall wellness of children and youth, including mentorship programs and the provision of safe places for children after and during school. BGCBigs would not be able to deliver programming without a strong volunteer base. The Edmonton chapter has over 3,000 active volunteers, compared to 100 paid staff members.
According to the Ontario Domestic Violence Advisory Council (DVAC, 2009), legislative responses to violence against women were introduced across Canada in the 1980s. These policies included provisions for mandatory police-laid charges against perpetrators of domestic violence. The DVAC report noted numerous unintended negative consequences of these policies and recommended an impact study which was never conducted.
The project will focus on a case-study of adaptation across scales in a single country (likely the applicant's country of origin). The project is guided by the following research questions: What does adaptation look like in regions with limited formal and institutional reporting of adaptation action? In these regions, is adaptation absent, or is it occurring outside of governmental institutions (i.e. private industry or civil society)? At what scales and in what sectors is adaptation occurring, and what are the characteristics of adaptation stimuli and action?
This project will examine forced disappearances in Mexico in the context of electoral democracy and militarization. According to the United Nations Convention Against Torture, forced or enforced disappearance refers to the involvement of state authorities in the arrest, detention, abduction of people in the form of authorization, support or acquiescence.
This research project is part of a larger research programme on Indigenous rights in constitutional and international law. Within this particular project, the faculty member is examining decisions of different domestic courts that bear on customary international law on Indigenous rights.
We will investigate the relationship between law and innovation in our newly globalized era. We will draw on well-documented innovative districts in Montreal and Silicon Valley to assess how law promotes or hinders such innovation. We will consider emerging initiatives such as the Blueseed startup community, which is a proposed un-regulated innovation zone to be located in international waters in order to avoid national regulatory compliance regimes.