The International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds (IOPC Funds) was established in 1971, in order to minimize the externalities of the marine shipping industry. The IOPC Funds provide financial compensation for oil pollution damage that occurs in Member States, resulting from spills of persistent oil from tankers. Since their establishment the Funds have been involved in 149 incidents of varying sizes around the world.
Boys & Girls Clubs and Big Brothers Big Sisters (BGCBigs) are non-profit organizations in communities across Canada and the USA, with the largest Canadian chapter in Edmonton, Alberta. These organizations deliver programming to support the physical, emotional, academic and overall wellness of children and youth, including mentorship programs and the provision of safe places for children after and during school. BGCBigs would not be able to deliver programming without a strong volunteer base. The Edmonton chapter has over 3,000 active volunteers, compared to 100 paid staff members.
According to the Ontario Domestic Violence Advisory Council (DVAC, 2009), legislative responses to violence against women were introduced across Canada in the 1980s. These policies included provisions for mandatory police-laid charges against perpetrators of domestic violence. The DVAC report noted numerous unintended negative consequences of these policies and recommended an impact study which was never conducted.
The project will focus on a case-study of adaptation across scales in a single country (likely the applicant's country of origin). The project is guided by the following research questions: What does adaptation look like in regions with limited formal and institutional reporting of adaptation action? In these regions, is adaptation absent, or is it occurring outside of governmental institutions (i.e. private industry or civil society)? At what scales and in what sectors is adaptation occurring, and what are the characteristics of adaptation stimuli and action?
This project will examine forced disappearances in Mexico in the context of electoral democracy and militarization. According to the United Nations Convention Against Torture, forced or enforced disappearance refers to the involvement of state authorities in the arrest, detention, abduction of people in the form of authorization, support or acquiescence.
This research project is part of a larger research programme on Indigenous rights in constitutional and international law. Within this particular project, the faculty member is examining decisions of different domestic courts that bear on customary international law on Indigenous rights.
We will investigate the relationship between law and innovation in our newly globalized era. We will draw on well-documented innovative districts in Montreal and Silicon Valley to assess how law promotes or hinders such innovation. We will consider emerging initiatives such as the Blueseed startup community, which is a proposed un-regulated innovation zone to be located in international waters in order to avoid national regulatory compliance regimes.
This documentary film on environmental policy in china is an international collaboration with Dr. Wang Xi, the director of the Institute of Environmental and Resource Law at Jiao Tong University in Shanghai, China. Dr. Wang Xi has worked on the amendment to Chinas Environmental Law in 2014. This policy-driven research is innovative in its methodological approach to environmental policy, and Canada-China foreign relations in the context of climate change. This research investigates recent efforts to improve Chinas environmental protection regulations.
How can public legal education and information help Canadians get justice in our legal system? With the demand for publicly-funded or low-cost legal services far exceeding the supply, public legal education and information (PLEI) is filling an increasingly larger role in meeting the legal needs of people with modest means. Yet we know relatively little about how PLEI can help people deal with their legal problems. examines the effectiveness of PLEI in helping low- and modest-income people address their legal problems.
Le projet vise à concevoir un système informatique en mode Saas (Software as a service) qui permette de réaliser de façon automatique et autonome le diagnostic des processus d’une PME pour vérifier son niveau de conformité à une réglementation, la production de recommandations personnalisées en fonction de l’entreprise, de ses besoins, de ses processus et de son contexte d’affaires, la certification de conformité après l’implémentation des recommandations.