Banks and Their Debtors: Evidence from Credit Bureau Data

This project will allow the Postdoctoral Fellow to undertake important research, by accessing highly confidential Credit Bureau data in the possession of the Bank of Canada. The Postdoctoral Fellow will examine various issues which have important academic as well as policy implications. For example, the Postdoctoral Fellow will examine whether the characteristics of the customers of a specific bank branch (e.g. aggregate profitability or risk) impact the decision of a bank to close that branch.

History of the Indian Peoples’ Association in North America (IPANA)

This project seeks to chronicle an alternative history of a cosmopolitan diasporic community of South Asians by foregrounding inter-community organizing by the Indian Peoples Association in North America (IPANA) in anti-racism and labour rights struggles in the 1970s and the 1980s. It is a history erased from the repertoire of conventional diaspora studies, which tends to imagine a community through such concepts as an exclusive ethnoreligious community and homeland nationalism. Dr. Hari Sharma, in whose memory the Dr.

EM Sensing for Contactless Thickness and Conductivity Measurement

One of the essential components of a lithium-ion battery is its electrodes, with the most common type comprising conducting coatings applied to both sides of a metal foil. The goal of this project is to develop a sensor for measuring thickness, conductivity, dielectric response and moisture content of the coating. The main challenge of this project is the lift-off requirement: the sensor must be suspended at least 5mm above the coating, i.e., the measurement must be taken without touching the sample.

Predicting mutability of the genomic segments of SARS-COV2

Coronaviruses are from a sub-type of viruses known as "envelope viruses". All Envelope viruses utilize the same "fusion machinery" in order to invade human tissue. By using artificial intelligence algorithms, we can predict the locations of mutations within the genetic code of the virus. By knowing what parts of the genetic code are likely to be the same in future mutations, we can create therapeutics that target these sections in order to prevent the fusion mechanism from occurring.

Data and Visual Analytics for Prediction of Health Care Utilization Involving Musculoskeletal Disorders in BC

This study will establish the utilization rates of musculoskeletal services, for example, low-back pain, across healthcare systems in BC. To capture the utilization rates of musculoskeletal services, we can detect and establish the current frequency of these services related to the most recent healthcare expenditures. Knowing the utilization and expenditures would allow BC Chiropractor Association to update their allocation of funding with BC Ministry of Health to improve services while mitigating costs during the pandemic.

Developing MRI Biomarkers for the Differential Diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with death of dopamine-producing neurons. This results in structural changes to the striatum, substantial nigra (SNc), and ventral tegmental area (VTA). Motor symptoms of PD are extremely heterogeneous causing a high rate of misdiagnosis of similar disorders (e.g. Essential tremor; ET) as PD. This study aims to identify objective indicators of PD with MRI, to help physicians differentiate PD patients from healthy people, and ET patients. 60 participants from each group will be recruited.

OPERA – Optimization of Predictive Electrocardiographic Risk Analysis

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a leading cause of mortality in Canada and globally, accounting for nearly half of all cardiac deaths. Alterations in beat structure (morphology), caused by the heart’s electrical system and autonomic nervous system, and the left ventricle ejection fraction are significant risk markers proposed to identify those at risk of SCD. Historically neither alone have provided sufficient accuracy in predicting SCD.

Fundamental Review of the Trading Book: Explainable Equity Volatility Models with Event Risk

The Fundamental Review of the Trading Book is a set of regulations set by the Basel committee, which is expected to be implemented by banks in Canada by late 2023. According to these regulations, in order to maintain stability in the banking system, banks need to post extra capital against the so-called non-modellable risk factors. As this extra capital could significantly increase the total market risk capital requirements for a bank, reducing the weight of these non-modellable risk factors can greatly increase the bank’s profitability.

AI, IoT, and Cloud-Based Technologies to improve safety in the marine industry

With thousands of accidents annually, often resulting in hundreds of deaths and injuries, billions in economic losses, and devastating environmental pollution, the marine industry remains one of the most dangerous industries nationally and internationally. The work environment on ships is inherently risky and poses numerous challenges to the ship crew. Moreover, the nature of their work requires them to engage in different job tasks and responsibilities that are physically and mentally demanding in an environment full of risks.

Designing a non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) helmet for infectious respiratory disease

Many methods for providing respiratory support to patients are currently in use, however more commonly available techniques such as Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) are not appropriate for ventilation of patients with airborne infectious diseases due to the risk of aerosolization endangering other patients and hospital staff.