Validation of Cartilage Segmentation Accuracy using Deep Learning

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the majority of seniors and costs the Canadian economy > $30 Billion/year. The hallmark of osteoarthritis is damaged cartilage. Our understanding of how and why cartilage degenerates is not well understood. In order to identify how to stop or prevent cartilage degeneration we must have accurate and reproducible ways to measure cartilage health. The industry partner NeuralSeg has developed an algorithm that utilizes a form of artificial intelligence to measure cartilage health. The proposed research project consists of two phases.

Housing First as Intervention and its Economic Impact

A review of Housing First practices for housing chronically homeless residents, and their cost-saving potential for municipalities and housing organizations. Housing First treats supplying permanent housing as a priority for recovery for chronically homeless adults suffering from mental health and substance abuse issues. This has been shown to be a more effective housing and treatment strategy that traditional programs that target the same population.

Soil productivity and soil health status following restoration of pipeline corridors on Agricultural Land Reserve cropland in northeastern British Columbia

Oil and gas exploration and development in northeastern British Columbia contributes to the Province’s economy, but also results in disturbance of cropland due to construction of pipelines within the Agricultural Land Reserve. Currently, there is no long-term monitoring of cropland productivity on reclaimed pipeline footprints. The proposed research addresses priorities of the British Columbia Oil and Gas Research and Innovation Society (BC OGRIS) by assessing and quantifying the long-term impacts of pipeline construction on cultivated ALR lands.

Characterising and assessing seabird bycatch in expanding Arctic fisheries

Fisheries are an important industry in Canada, particularly in rural communities that depend on marine resources for sustainable economic opportunities. But all fishing imposes environmental costs. In the case of northern fisheries, one cost of concern is the incidental bycatch of seabirds by fisheries. Birds, attracted to bait and discards from vessels, can get ensnared in nets or hooked on longlines.

The influence of cloud-technologies and other technological advance on the print industry

Cloud-based technologies are being used more and more in industry to benefit from the large data-sets that are being created so these data-sets can be analyzed to get a better overview on the effectiveness of processes and how to optimize current processes. The print industry is starting to see the benefits of cloud-based technologies.

Usability analysis and guideline development for user interface design in a public health information system

The design of usable public health information systems is critical in areas such as healthcare. In this project an analysis of the usability of a pan-Canadian public health information system will be conducted. The approach will involve application of usability engineering methods to identify issues and areas where the system’s user interface could be modified and optimized. This work will lead to the development of a set of guidelines and recommendations for the development of a next generation user interface for Panorama.

Exploring the digital divide: The use of digital tools in Ontario public schools

Governments around the world are investing to bridge the “digital divide,” which refers to the gap among populations in terms of ability to access digital tools and the Internet. This effort is especially evident in public schools, because education has been identified as one contributing factor of the divide. Thus, it is of great public interest to investigate whether schools are providing enough opportunities for youth to engage with ICT as an effort to bridge the digital divide. This proposed research seeks to develop a deeper understanding of ICT use in Ontario’s public schools.

Understanding of intra-annual wood formation and phenological development of black spruce and balsam fir over the spatial gradient in the boreal forest of Quebec

Climate warming may have resulted in altered initiation and termination dates of the primary growth (e.g. phenological development) and the secondary growth (e.g. stem xylem growth) of trees in the boreal forest, consequently impacting wood quality, forest growth and productivity, and carbon sequestration.

Designing for Urban Agriculture in a smart community

This project will develop appropriate strategies for a “Smart Community” of the future with respect to the integration of food growing and processing spaces into the community. This may range from rooftop greenhouses, residential growing sunspaces, community gardens, food producing building components, etc. As well this proposal will investigate how food production will interact with other essential systems and infrastructure in such a community.

The Limits of Solidarity

The Limits of Solidarity is an original transmedia research/creation project for new screens, creatively and critically investigating various practices and projects of global solidarity that engage with issues of gender and sexuality.