Industrial processes are continuously evolving to reduce environmental pollution, save energy, and remain economically competitive. In order to achieve these goals and optimize industrial processes such as combustion in cars and airplanes, or drilling in downhole oil extraction wells, the processes parameters need to be accurately monitored and effectively analyzed. Sensors are able to transduce physical signals into meaningful electronic signals for processing and decision-making purposes.
New studies have implicated the gut as the staging area for the start of Parkinson’s disease. Disruptions in the gut biota can promote the formation of toxic protein seeds that can move from the gut into the brain, spreading through the brain and causing progressive loss of neurons and problems with movement. It still needs to be proven if probiotics can help treat disease. We propose to examine this idea by testing how probiotics influence the function of neurons and other brain cells.
Recent advances in machine vision has led to new opportunities for automating that entire manufacturing pipeline. Consider, for example, the situation where an unattended computer vision system inspects the widget and decides whether or not to discard it. Even this little amount of automation can save many hundreds of person-hours on a typical factory floor. While for simple designs, we now have automated inspection methods relying upon lasers, 3D scanning or other imaging modalities that can decide if a widget has any defect. For complex designs, this ability remains elusive.
Blockchains operate as perhaps the most promising system of trust for any type of digital transaction of value -- everything from cryptocurrencies to patient medical records. But a number of barriers -- involving social institutions, data and identity management and technological processes -- stand in the way of broader adoption. These challenges also ultimately speak to fundamental issues of trust and perceived legitimacy on the part of both service providers and their end users.
Apelin, an innate peptide, is a critical component of the apelin pathway, which is responsible for regulatory mechanisms of the cardiovascular system. Apelin is downregulated in patients with cardiovascular disease, therefore limiting the cardioprotective potential of the pathway. This project focuses on the optimization of a biological analog, able to withstand enzyme degradation with improved function that acts as a substitute for apelin.
How technology relates to Canadian national defence policy, strategy, and planning is not well understood. To date, much of the research on emerging technology in the military focuses on concerns over ethics, privacy, human rights, and governance, largely overshadowing equally important research on the way technology intersects with military strategy and tactics, defence recruitment and training, and alliance politics and national policy.
In order to improve the understanding and awareness for students about the management of energy efficiency and environmentally sustainable practices, this study will evaluate the effectiveness on changing children's awareness and behavior toward those aspects through of the implementation of educative material, previously developed by Nature's Ride, by way of scholastic workshops on primary school children. This study is foreseen helping students gain a clearer understanding of energy-saving practices in their everyday life, to achieve a greater awareness level.
This is a program of research activities through which we will create and compile materials about L’nu and broader Indigenous histories and experiences related to military history. Our materials are to guide the Atlantic Memorial Park Society in its development of Indigenous content at their new heritage site in North Sydney. Songs, Stories and Sacred Fire: Fostering Reconciliation through Collaborative Research in Unama’ki is a collaborative arts-based project, grounded in Indigenous knowledge and traditions.
Our parks, public spaces and their activations can catalyze neighborhoods to build connections and create stronger communities. However, it is often challenging to measure the impact and value of these projects, at a neighbourhood level.
Understanding how managed and harvested forests can still provide high-quality habitat for forest birds is key to ensuring both productive forestry operations and sustainable bird populations. We propose to use GPS-tracking technology to study how the Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) uses habitat on its Canadian breeding grounds, during migration, and on the wintering grounds. The Whip-poor-will is designated as Threatened in Canada, and the forestry industry is expected to manage operations to protect Whip-poor-will and its habitat.