Costs are continually declining for internet connected devices, known as the internet-of-things (IoT), offering solutions across various consumer, commercial and industrial applications. Concurrently, machine learning (ML) models are continually expanding their deployment platforms, from massive central servers down to microcomputers. Innovative IoT devices will run the ML models without support from central data centers or other computers.
The mental well-being of youth is critical at a personal, familial, and societal level. The rise of mental illness, addictions, and suicide in youth, especially among those living in low- and middle-income countries, is of significant concern. Our global health team at the University of Toronto and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) has focused on providing mental health and positive development curriculums for transitional youth in collaboration with international and local partners.
Nxtgen Care provides monitoring services for elderly care homes across North America. Their product provides detailed analysis in visual formats to understand the resident’s requirements and directing care in that direction. To meet this goal, voluminous data is collected from the various activities of the residents. Through this project, this data is processed and directed in a way to optimize resources for effective scheduling in a timely manner. This is done with the help of advanced Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques.
Contamination of soils with toxic hydrocarbons (e.g. benzene) is a widespread environmental concern in Canada. Remediation of contaminated soils is often destructive to land resources. In-situ remediation built on soil infiltration with biostimulatory solutions represents an effective approach that bypasses this drawback, however field studies suggest it is not effective under all conditions. The reason for this, however, is unclear.
The White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) population in the lower Columbia River was listed as endangered under the Species at Risk Act in 2006. Natural recruitment failure has occurred since the 1970s, with regular spawning occurring but insufficient numbers of viable offspring reaching juvenile stage to sustain the population. A recovery strategy has included the establishment of a successful hatchery to supplement the population while research into recruitment failure and collection of baseline biological data continues.
The Peace River Regional District (PRRD) and the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), are collaborating on the development of a solid waste management plan (SWMP) whose foundation is based on the five “R”s as outlined in A Guide to Solid Waste Management Planning (2016) produced by the British Columbia Ministry of Environment1. The hierarchy of the five R approach is: reduce, resuse, recycle, recover, residuals. While strategies have been put in place by the PRRD to encourage the reduce and reuse initiatives, this proposal focusses on the recycle and recover aspects.
Research in organizational behavior studies suggest that racial discrimination and bias exist in the workplace. Although explicit forms of racism are in decline, new forms of racial discrimination (i.e., implicit and unconscious) continue to compromise the inclusion and diversity in organizations. One of the challenges that HR specialists face is evaluating employees’ unconscious bias. This project offers a multimethod assessment tool to capture explicit and implicit racial discrimination in organizations.
The Métis Nation of BC, (MNBC) has been challenged with a sense of division among staff, governance and citizenship. As a result, programming is missing a strategic framework while ministries and chartered communities operate as independent silos. There is a clear and collective desire to rejuvenate Métis culture but without first acknowledging current state and a clear future state (Stroh, 2015), it is difficult to coordinate initiatives within all the cohesive Métis groups in BC.
Federal and provincial governments use the tax system to establish eligibility and deliver benefits and credits to low-income Canadians. Low-income Canadians experience increased barriers to filing their taxes and thus do not maximize available benefits. This is likely to have worsened as free in-person tax clinics closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic or only provide services virtually and as a result become inaccessible for individuals who lack technology and internet access.
The Canadian Red Cross (CRC) has historically been at the forefront supporting local level programming in international humanitarian contexts. The GHU provides both technical and operational support to CRC field experts who are responsible for on-the-ground programming, and advocacy on behalf of local communities, bringing their voices to the CRC when setting its global health agenda. The “Health Bodies, Healthy Minds” project is an active 3-year CRC initiative to increase equal opportunity for girls to attend school in South Sudan.