Printed electronics is a fabrication method that allows for the high-volume production of flexible electronic devices, but is limited because it is still too expensive due to the lack of an efficient and effective quality control solution. This project focuses on the transformation of a laboratory-proven quality control method into an industrial-scale prototype product.
Pollen allergies affect quality of life and respiratory health. Climate change is impacting the amount of pollen in the environment. The study objective is to develop a sampling instrument that will automatically collect, identify, and count airborne pollens for clinicians and scientists. The challenge will be to develop a reasonably priced instrument, of compact size, which can operate reliably and independently for many days.
In the past few years, a number of research groups around the world have demonstrated small scale, photonic quantum information processing using approaches like Gaussian Boson Sampling, which can function with the current “Noisy, Intermediate Scale” (NISQ) quantum devices. At the same time, the industry partner and other groups have proposed a variety of large-scale photonic quantum computing architectures. These large-scale architectures have yet to be realized in practice and will require large investments to bring to fruition.
The health system is highly dependent on supplemental oxygen, used in many medical procedures. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for oxygen increased which requires an increase in management and clinical efficiency. The monitoring of the oxygen is currently performed by a person who observes the flow rate and adjusts it according to the medical prescription for the patient. This process has limited efficiency for monitoring dosage and leaks.
Working in partnership, interdisciplinary professionals and the Registered Practical Nurses (RPNs) Association of Ontario (WeRPN) aim to understand what contributes to and detracts from personal, professional and institutional resiliency for RPNs during COVID-19. This is a rare opportunity to learn from front-line workers directly during historical social periods, such as COVID-19, and even less often does the public become acutely aware of the residents’ social inequities within the long-term care (LTC) sector and the indispensable nature of the largest regulated LTC workforce.
Pain is a combination of mental, physical and social factors. This makes it difficult to understand and even more difficult to treat. Chronic pain is unique to the individual, and to treat it effectively requires a better understanding of how pain is generated in each person. The goal of this study is to describe the relationships between inherited genes and the factors that affect pain, recovery, and people’s response to medication. The first phase of this study has 2 aims. The first aim is to describe the relationship between genes, pain, and recovery time.
Quantum computing technology research has been a fast-growing academic field since the start of the century. In recent years, it has become apparent that in order to perform large, useful computations on a quantum computer, one must link multiple smaller quantum computers via a quantum communication channel, much in the same way that modern classical computers link many processor cores.
We are creating a powerful tool for improvements in surgeries of the brain and spine. A new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine will be used inside operating rooms so patients undergoing surgery can be imaged in the middle of the surgery for quality control. For instance, surgeons can obtain an MRI to ensure the entire tumor was removed before ending the surgery. Beyond surgery, low field MRI has many exciting applications to improve treatment options. A technique called MR thermometry can map the temperatures of tissues inside the body.
Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) was first characterized by the International Olympic Committee in 2014 and characterizes a range of negative health (endocrine function, bone health) and performance outcomes that result from chronically low energy availability. Despite recognition of its significance for health and performance, and a prevalence rate of 3-60% in athletes, our ability to correctly assess and diagnose RED-S remains poor.
With our increasing dependence on technology, the total energy consumption from electronic devices for computation is projected to surpass all other contributions. By creating atomic-scale devices at the fundamental limits in size and energy cost, we can reduce their overall energy consumption while increasing computational power. While proof of concept devices are already routinely created, a fully automated fabrication procedure is necessary to successfully merge this technology with current electronic manufacturing processes.