Assessing the Effect of Hazard Perception Training on Driving Ability

Improving driving safety is an ongoing challenge with far reaching consequences for Canadians. One method of improving driving safety is by improving driver performance with hazard perception training. Hazard perception is a driver's ability to anticipate dangers in the road environment and is predictive of the likelihood of being in a crash. Several countries including the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Australia have introduced this training as part of getting a license but there is no current equivalent in Canada.

Supporting Patients by Family Education in Psychotic Illness

Family caregivers are an essential component of care for young adults with severe mental illness including psychosis. While their involvement improves outcomes in multiple modalities, family caregivers are often overwhelmed with the care of their loved one. Currently, there are not enough resources for family caregivers of young people with severe mental illnesses. The study involves administering a nine-week course on caring for a person with mental illness to family caregivers. We will asses

Development of Optimization Assessment Tool When Working in Human-Automation Teams

The recent trend making its way into many fields are human-automation teams in which the automation takes on the role of performing repetitive or dangerous tasks, while the human takes on an observational role ensuring that the automation is performing as expected. These types of teams have the potential to be highly effective because fewer humans are required to perform large amounts of safe and effective work. Research work looking at human-automation teams have identified many factors that contribute to the performance of these teams.

Optimizing online therapy with cognitive rehabilitation

Executive functions are a collection of higher-level cognitive abilities that support decision making, planning, attentional focus, and error correction. Mental slowing, inefficiency, and feeling blue are – to some degree – expected with any serious illness. Goal Management TrainingTM (GMT) is a made-in-Ontario healthcare innovation, developed by researchers at Baycrest, a Toronto-based academic health science institution affiliated with the University of Toronto. GMT incorporates decades of neuroscientific research as well as applied clinical practice.

Promoting Citizenship in Housing First Programs

Housing First (HF) is an approach that assists people with serious mental illness who are chronically homeless to become housed. Research has shown HF assists people in leaving homelessness and achieving stable housing. However, HF participants do not experience increased participation in the community or improved social networks. In response to these results, the present project involves creating a “social prescribing” intervention within HF programs.

Evaluating the effectiveness of a digital resilience training & developing the BESAFE at work scale

AIR Institutes is launching a new resilience online training through a digital portal called AIR Space. The goal of the proposed project will be to evaluate if the training delivered in an online format is effective in developing and improving resilience. As users go through different activities delivered through the digital portal, their level of resilience will be measured over time through short surveys and daily check-ins. This will allow to identify any improvement in resilience and whether the digital portal is effective in improving resilience.

Designing a user-friendly platform for a water conservation device using behavioural science

Canada is one of the largest per capita users of fresh water in the world. A blind spot in water consumption is that people are often unaware of how much water is being used. One solution is to provide instant feedback on water consumption to users and use behavioural interventions to promote water conservation among users. In this project, we will conduct a literature review on behavioural interventions that promote water conservation.

Retaining Diverse Employees at Technology Companies

The current research project aims to investigate internal communication among organizations in the IT industry and whether communication experiences are different among minorities and women in the organizations. A diverse workplace is important to facilitate an inclusive, productive, and healthy workplace. However, no study has looked at how communication to women and diverse employees may be different than majority groups.

Assessment of Physiological Vibration Acceleration (Phybrata) Sensor in Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis - Year two

Globally, Canada has the highest prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Diagnosis relies on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor lesion development over time in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve. Despite its wide utility, MRI is not easily accessible. MRI requires a designated medical facility and expertise? is expensive, and needs to be done repeatedly to diagnose MS. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial to minimize the progression and severity of impairments in MS patients.

Sensory Disinhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and the Neural Correlates Underlying Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Study - Year two

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.