Coaching Mental Health Providers and Adults to Achieve Optimal Sleep

Millions of Canadians struggle with insomnia, but common methods of dealing with poor sleep (e.g., medication) have poor side effects, do not have lasting effects, and are not preferred by patients and providers. Although cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the gold-standard treatment, there is limited access because most mental health practitioners (MPHs) do not have sufficient training to deliver CBT-I. To address this problem, Dr.

Canada-Wide Study: Clinical and Economics Outcomes of Mental Health and Addictions

The annual economic impact of mental health illness and addiction on the Canadian economy is estimated to be around $50 billion, with projected increases in future years. Little research exists that has evaluated mental health illness and addictions in the Canadian workplace. The provision of counselling and therapy services helps to boost both mental health well-being and employment productivity, with gains well exceeding the cost of treatment itself.

Guidelines for Evaluating Service Programming for Autistic Adults: A Patient-Oriented Perspective on Service Evaluation using Functional Criteria

Currently there are few standards for evaluating service delivery, and since health care service delivery is a domain of the provinces, new health care services need to be tested and evaluated in each province before being widely offered. This leads to inefficiency in evaluations as well as unequal access to new services across the country. Also, the evaluations that are done are usually based on what the service delivery organization values about the programming rather than what the patient community served by the programming values.

Understanding the experiences of patients with chronic pain on waitlists to develop an interactive clinical platform

Chronic pain (CP) is a prevalent, disabling, and costly disorder. The gold standard treatment for chronic pain is care from an interdisciplinary pain clinic (IPC) - a rare resource in Canada that is often associated with long wait times (up to five years). These long wait times increase the risk of physical and mental deterioration for the patient and so there need to develop tools to assist CP patients who are on an IPC waitlist. Research suggests that the use of web-based clinical platforms are helpful in health domains (e.g., migraine management).

Identifying subgroups of patients and predicting relapse in bipolar disorder: a prospective longitudinal study

Bipolar disorder affects 2.2% of Canadians and profoundly impacts their quality of life, functioning, and overall health. There is a major unmet need of understanding the illness course and knowing which patients will present a higher risk to develop worse outcomes. This knowledge is important to develop new preventative treatments.

Assessing the effects of neurofeedback through a comprehensive systematic review

Recently, principles gleaned from research on learning have been applied to change people's brains. Specifically, there is evidence that how the brain communicates can be changed through the application of positive and negative reinforcement, a concept known as neurofeedback. Importantly, researchers claim that by changing how the brain communicates, neurofeedback can change behaviour and reduce clinical symptoms. As these techniques have grown in popularity, companies such as Neurotech Forty have applied neurofeedback to serve Canadians.

Psilocybin as a potential treatment for social behavior (SB) disorders

Impaired empathy and social skills lead to severe social consequences and influence the development and treatment of several psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, empathy has been shown to play a crucial role in moral and prosocial behavior. Recently, a revamped interest for psychedelic compounds has invested the medical research community. For instance, psilocybin is a psychedelic compound which has been demonstrated to safely relieve depression in treatment-resistant depressive patients when used in a controlled setting.

Technology therapy with MakerKids®: Supporting children’s socioemotional development with innovative STEM-based programming

Technological advancements have profoundly altered the lives of children and youth in the 21st century. While there are undeniable harms associated with excessive screen use, digital media has positively transformed how children learn, make friends, and interact with society. Research has firmly established the benefits of technology-based learning for young people’s reasoning and thinking abilities, and preliminary evidence also suggests that some digital media activities may improve children’s mental health.

Sensory Disinhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and the Neural Correlates Underlying Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Study

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.

Technological advancements for data collection in animal research

The proposed research project is to program artificial intelligence, as produced by technology company EAIGLE, to monitor animals’ behaviour at the Toronto Zoo. The program will be capable of distinguishing where animals are in their enclosures, between individual animals, and which behaviours they are producing under different contexts. This technology will allow zoos, conservation areas, and researchers to monitor how animals interact with their enclosures and throughout the day, allowing for improved habitats and improved data collection for future experiments. Dr.

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